Child/ado psych

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rfgyger
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189274
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Child/ado psych
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2012-12-13 08:20:03
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child ado psych
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child/ado psych
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  1. What are methodological problems faced with basic emotional development?
    the fact that babies/infants cannot speak at this point so we can only take emotional expression for surface value, crying, laughing, smiling ect
  2. What is the behavior theory of emotional development?
    • Classical: baby Albert
    • operant: baby smile, mother smiles back
  3. What is the functionalist apporach to emotional development?
    All developments are happening symontainiously, all aimed for personal goals
  4. The what effects ones desire to repeat the experience?
    Emotional Reaction
  5. How do emotions play in to cognitive problems, social behavior, and phyical health?
    emotions shape how well one processes cognitivily, emotion effect how someon interacts with others, emotions effect immunity and other health problems
  6. Newborn development of emotional expression:
    • 1, expression: what expressions do they show
    • 2. Responsive: very responisve, working hard to use emotions as way of expressing what baby need also the
    • "STILL FACE EXPERIMENT"
  7. Happieness in infants:
    early weeks: gental happieness, end 1month: smile dynamics sights sounds, 6-10w: parental communications create emiotions 3-4m: processing gets faster, first laugh in response to a stimuli. 6m: interating with fimilar people brings baby happiness, 8-10m: interests 10-12m Board spectrum of smiles
  8. What triats effect temperment:
    1. activity level, 2. rhythmicity, 3. approach: how effected by new stimuli 4. adapability: how effected by changes, 6 threshold for responsiveness 7 qualitiy of mood 8 distractabliity 9 attention/persistence.
  9. Rothbarts checklist scale:
    1. activity level, 2 soothability 3 attention/persistence 4 fearful distress 45 irritable distress 6. positive affect
  10. Inhibited vs uninhipted
    in: shy neg recaction to stimuli, w/draw from stimuli, highter heart rate, highter stress hormones, FORNTAL CORTEX ACTIVITY
  11. What doe Fox's theory of EXUBERANCE mean
    externeralizing, distriptive behavior,
  12. What is the internal working model for attachment?
    IF YOU given positiv attachement, you will most likely give postivie attachment
  13. What is preattachment?
    when you have been giving attachment (positive) for less than 3 yrs something happens, but you continue that attachment with new care giver
  14. stages of preattachment:
    6weeks-6month: inclined more for primialry care giver, 6-8m stanger danger occurs, 18-reciporical relationships: cognitive development starts to allow children to understand mother is coming back
  15. Harlows experiment
    SOFT MONKEY Wire MONKEY
  16. The strange situtation experiment looked at..
    attachement with parent
  17. Theories of attachment: evoluntiary biological:
    prefrontal cortex, and mirror neurons (empathy)
  18. THeory of attachment for social norms:
    piagets cog deve and social undrstanding, children prefere positive helping interaction vs hindering negative interaction
  19. Piagetians: moral development:
    simplistic did not get to finish it as much a would have liked, tried to see weither or not a child was trying to think logically
  20. Heteronomous morality: (5-8)
    have to be somewhat logical to think somewhat morally, do not have skills to do that iat his point, rules are rigid and come from what is social acceptable.  rules are rules NO BREAKING
  21. Autonomous morality: (9-up)
    bendable because starting to become mor logial, house rules, as long as rules are fair they can get what is going on and allow it.  Do not listen to lifegraurd unless at pool...become more logical
  22. Kohleberg and giligan: MORAL
    Gave hypothetical principles
  23. Bendura: MORAL
    waited to see how someone was really going to act when in that situtaion
  24. Justify morals diengaging:
    Justify why you act or did what you did, euphenmisms: make is sound less bad, easier to swallow, advantageous compair: comparing it to something less bad to make is sound better.  Displacement: blame someone else, diffusion or responisliity, its not my place to call/tell.  disreguard for consequensces: its just one time, its not that big of a deal. 
  25. Development of self regulation and self control:
    • 18m show compliance to household rules expectations ect
    • 12-18m: limited memory though, so not too many rules
    • private speach: tied to set boundaries
    • Delay of gradification: 1-3yrs, MARSHMELLOW TEST, self regulation
  26. Top ways to instil mores in children
    1. modleing, attachemtn, authorative parenting (in.disaplin appropriate ventaliation), Spritiual/religious, School Peers, Culter and acceptience and noramative aggression
  27. 2 motives for aggression
    Proactive (get what you want), reactivity (reaction to a response, react aggressivly).
  28. What is relational aggression:
    to hurt someones reputation, realtionshiop with others, statu
  29. Trembley theory of aggression:
    Born that way, socialize to get them to not be that way,
  30. Anderson, burshuch theory of aggression:
    children are shaped aggressivly by enviorment
  31. Finding self stages:
    • 1. mirror test, 2. knowing understanding self: think ab self, preschool: concrete things like, like recess, like food, girl ,boy
    • 3. middle childhood: social sense, i have alot of friends
    • 4.adolescene, abstaract Looking glass theory
  32. until age 7,
    children cannot seperate reality for fantasy nor understand they hve private world in head

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