PSYC3430 (YU) Chapter 8
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Describe Milgram's "obedience to authority study"
Milgram essentially wanted to if a certain personality would be more willing to comply with orders from an authority
What is the constructive use of power? (Deutsch, 1973)
- - enhances group effectiveness
- - to benefit followers and group
- - use of power is agreed upon
What were the results of Milgram's study?
65% obeyed till 450 olts of shock
What is social power? What is the dark side of it?
- - capacity to influence others
- - quite common, like boss telling you to work
- - Power tends to corrupts , but not always
Who the hell is Jerry M. Burger (2009)
- - he replicated milgram's
- -70% of sample had to be stopped from giving 150 volt shock
(Haney,Banks, & Zimbardo, 1973) did what study?
Experiment known as the Stanford Prison Study
Describe Prison study
- - Participants were assigned to play role as prison or police
- - however study discontinued after 6 days, as subjects were acting very weird
- - tunrs out Zimbardo scrapped the plan since it was going out of hand by his woman, without her probably wouldn't have realized
What is superior-subordinate relations?
It is acknowledging of heirarchical positioning, as the prison study indicated
What is the fundamental Attribution Error?
Blaming yourself when its really the larger system at fault
What is the French and Raven's (1951) power bases theory?
It involves 6 key power bases, who are the roots of power
What the 6 power bases?
- - Reward: control incentives ( power increases when rewards are scarce, and lowers when its not so scarce)
- - Coercive : Use of physical punishment, or threaten to
- - Legitimate: has a right to demand obedience
- - Referent: Having respect and attraction as the powerholder
- - Expert: Target beliefts, the person is extraordinary
- - Informational: Manipulate and distribute information ( fareha)
What are the 4 power tactics
- - Direct (strong) vs indirect (weak) tactics [ using relationship]
- - Rational (logic) vs nonrational (emotional)
- - Unilateral (no cooperation on the matter) vs Bilateral ( cooperation)
- - Behaviour commitment
- 1) Foot-in-the-door-technique ( influence to make one small request, and then accept more requests afterwards)
- 2) Weber's charismatic leadership: Followers belive leader is amazing
What is Kelman's three stage model of conversion?
This is in response to coercive influence
Compliance: group members comply with the powerholder's demands, but they do not personally agree with them
Identification: group members are motivated to please authority
Internalization: group members obey b/c they personally believe in it
What is the Dechner Keltner (2003) Approach-inhibition model of power?
Organisms show one or two types of reactions
An approach behaviour increases power
Where a reduction in power leads to inhibition
Whjat is the social dominance orientation (SDO)?
Vieweing people/groups in terms of relative dominance order
What is the motivation of power?
It is the need for power
What is the mandate phenomenon?
When leaders overstep bounds of their authority
Perpective changes among their subordinates
As they rely on power to influence others
What is Michels iron law of loigarchy?
Essentially people who are in power, wnat to stay in power or enhance it
What are revolutionary coalitions and reactance?
The coalition is a subgroup that goes against their current leader.
Reactance is a cognitive and emotional response to go against leaders of coercive influence.
What is a psychopath?
Egocentric, deceitfull shallow impulsive indivudals who use and manipulate others
- Little remorse and seek thrills
- No conscience
What did Hare 1993 say about Psychopaths
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