Psych 16-18

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Psych 16-18
2012-12-13 17:10:30
Psych 101

Psych test
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  1. Personality
    • is the style in which a person interscts with the world. Particarly with other people. (style- mannerisms, characterics of behavior, traits, etc)
    • Enduring social and emotional traits usually consistant across time and  situations
  2. Trait
    something that indures relatively stable disposition too behave in a certain way
  3. State
    • emotional state of mind
    • is a person's transisient disposition to behave in a certain way
    • momentry and unstable
  4. Trait Theories
    States that a set of meaningful and distint personality dimensions can be used to describe how people differ from one another
  5. Big Five
    • Openness to experience(open minded)/ non-openess
    • Consientiousness/undirectedness
    • Exterversion/ Introversion
    • Agreeable/ antagonism
    • N- Emotional stability/ instability
  6. MMPI
    • Minessota Multiphase personality inventory
    • Test Psych disturbances
  7. Idiographic
    interputing personality data that is person-centered and focuses on how the unique parts of a person's personality form a consistant whole
  8. nomothetic approach
    • the norm
    • interputing data that is varible and  focuses on finding consistent patterns of relationships among indivuals traits
  9. displacement
    is the process of redirecting an unconscious and unacceptable wish or drive towards a more acceptable one
  10. Projection
    unconscously experiences an impulse attributes that impulse to someone else
  11. Rationalization
    is the use of conscious reasoning to explain away anxiety inducing thoughts and feelings
  12. Regression
    is a retreat to an earlier stage of development
  13. sublimation
    • is the process that occurs when displacement causes a person to direct his or her energy into important or valuable activities.
    • ex. becoming a doc and saving lives, volunteering, etc
  14. Carl Rogers
    • Humanistic
    • non-directive
    • client centered
    • person centered
  15. Thematic Apperception Test (TAT)
    presents a participant with a series of random, unfamiliar images and asks him or her to tell stories about them these stories supposely reflect the person's inner hopes, fears, and desires
  16. Humanistic Approach/ Theries
    is a type of personality theory that emphasizes people's conscious understanding of themsleves and their abilities to attain self-fulfillment
  17. Outcome Expectancy
    is a person's assumption about the consequences of his or her own behavior
  18. Social Cognitive Theory
    is a type of personality theory that places emphasis on the beliefs and habits of tought both conscious and automatic; that a person forms thorugh interactions with society
  19. Social Cognitive Perspective
  20. Operant Conditioning
    a type of learning where one assoc their actions with consquences
  21. Classical Conditioning
    • a phenomenon in which two simuli are assoc, thus creaating a reflux response.
    • ex. dogs salivating when they hear the bell (with or w/o food)
  22. Modeling
    observational learning. We immatate the people in our lives that are role models
  23. Predisposing cause-
    Precipitating Cause
    Perpetuating Cause
    • Predisposing cause- an exisiting underlying factor that makes an indivdual particalarly susceptable to a certain disorder
    • Precipitating Cause- is an event in a person's day-to-day life that brings on a particular disorder
    • Perpetuating Cause- consequense of a disorder that help keep it going once it has manifested.
  24. Personality Disorders
    • Have more to do with the enviroment then gentics
    • difficult for individuals to have normal social relationships
  25. Psychotherapy
    Psychodymanic therapies
    • Psychotherapy- Overall. interaction between therapist and client suffering from psychological problems, the goal of which is to provide support or relief from the problem
    • Psychodymanic therapies- Freudian based. unconscious conflicts underlie mental disorders, and these conflicts make their way to the surface through a person's speech and behavior
    • Psychoanalysis- type of psychotherapy that relates closely to Freudian concept like the influence of the unconsious. It requires patients to talk to the therapist about their lives while they listen, analyze and interprets each word. Free Association, 
  26. Humanistic Therapies
    • Carl Rogers, Maslow, etc
    • client or person centered therapy
  27. Therapeutic Triad
    • Empathy (understanding)
    • Unconditional positive regard (love client, care deeply)
    • Genuine (honest, upfront)
  28. Cognative and Behavioral Therapy