General Review Sheet

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Author:
emmayarewhy
ID:
189413
Filename:
General Review Sheet
Updated:
2012-12-14 00:42:16
Tags:
mnutrs600
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Review sheet
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  1. Follow the following molecule into gut --> through small intestine --> to blood --> to liver --> to muscle

    Glucose from sucrose
  2. Follow the following molecule into gut --> through small intestine --> to blood --> to liver --> to muscle

    C18:2w6 from sn-3 position of a TAG in lamb fat
  3. Follow the following molecule into gut --> through small intestine --> to blood --> to liver --> to muscle

    C18:3w3 from sn-2 position of a molecule of phosphatidylcholine in salmon
  4. Follow the following molecule into gut --> through small intestine --> to blood --> to liver --> to muscle

    Alanine vs. leucine, isoleucine, and valine from soy protein. 
    • Alanine - glucogenic.
    • Leucine - ketogenic
    • Leucine, isoleucine, and valine are branched chain AAs. 
  5. What are the major regulated steps in glycogen metabolism? What hormones, 2nd messengers, and small molecules regulate these steps? Is there long-term (transcriptional) control?
    • 1.Glycogen phosphorylase - glucagon/ep, cAMP, PKA
    • 2. Glycogen synthase - insulin, PP1
  6. What are the major regulated steps in glycolysis & pyruvate --> acetyl CoA? What hormones, 2nd messengers, and small molecules regulate these steps? Is there long-term (transcriptional control?
  7. What are the major regulated steps in the TCA cycle? What hormones, 2nd messengers, and small molecules regulate these steps? Is there long-term (transcriptional control?
  8. What are the major regulated steps in ETC? What hormones, 2nd messengers, and small molecules regulate these steps? Is there long-term (transcriptional control?
  9. What are the major regulated steps in FA synthesis? What hormones, 2nd messengers, and small molecules regulate these steps? Is there long-term (transcriptional control?
  10. What are the major regulated steps in TAG synthesis and degradation? What hormones, 2nd messengers, and small molecules regulate these steps? Is there long-term (transcriptional control?
  11. What are the major regulated steps in FA oxidation? What hormones, 2nd messengers, and small molecules regulate these steps? Is there long-term (transcriptional control?
  12. What are the major regulated steps in cholesterol synthesis? What hormones, 2nd messengers, and small molecules regulate these steps? Is there long-term (transcriptional control?
  13. What are the major regulated steps in lipoprotein metabolism? What hormones, 2nd messengers, and small molecules regulate these steps? Is there long-term (transcriptional control?
  14. What are the major regulated steps in amino acid degradation? What hormones, 2nd messengers, and small molecules regulate these steps? Is there long-term (transcriptional control?


    Look at notes to determine what other amino acid pathways must be known.

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