US History 11
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Who was Henry Clay?
He was a national republican senator from Tennessee
What was the 'American System'?
It was a program pushed by Henry Clay to make the country stronger by trading internally within the states, while maintaining the national bank.
When did the Second National Bank start?
In 1816, under James Monroe
What was a 'protective tariff'?
It was a high tax of 25 % placed on imported goods from other countries. Because of the high tax, it caused citizens to want to buy domestic goods. This would help the US develop it's own industry.
What did John Marshall do?
He was the chief justice from 1801 to 1835. Many of his decisions helped centralize power, and took away some states rights.
What was the 'three fifths' rule?
Blacks counted as three fifths of a person when it came to representation in congress, even though they couldn't vote.
What happened when Missouri tried to join the union? What year was it?
There were problems as Missouri had slaves. It was in 1820.
What was the Missouri Compromise? When was it?
- In 1820, a compromise was made. Missouri would enter as a slave state. Maine would enter as a free state.
- In addition, there would be no more slavery in states at or above Missouri - this meant that in the future, Kansas and Nebraska would not be slave states.
What was a 'favorite son'?
A candidate for president who is heavily supported by his own state.
What was Andrew Jackson's background? What was his nickname?
He was a military general, known for fighting Indians. He was also known to be a little wild and undisciplined. His nickname was Old Hickory, and also King Andrew.
What happened in the election of 1824?
Andrew Jackson got the most votes, but he did not win half of the electoral votes. Because of this, the house of representatives needed to elect the president.
What was the 'corrupt bargain'?
After the election of 1824, John Quincy Adams reportedly agreed to make Henry Clay the secretary of state, in exchange for Clay supporting him for president in the house of representative vote.
What was the Monroe Doctrine? Who wrote it?
It stated that the European countries did not have the right to establish new colonies in the Americas, while maintaining the right of the US to annex new territories. It was written by Monroe's secretary of state, John Quincy Adams, who became president after Monroe.
How was the democratic party started? What did they want?
It was started by Andrew Jackson in 1825. It grew out of the old republican party. They wanted more states rights, and less federal rights. It was mainly supported by southerners. It was somewhat similar to Thomas Jefferson's views.
What years were Jackson elected president? What party was he?
1824 and 1828. Democratic party.
What was the 'spoils system'?
When a winning party replaces many of the government jobs with their own supporters. It is stated 'to the victors belongs the spoils'.
What was the 'Indian Removal Act'?
It allowed the US to physically remove Indians. Many eventually were placed in Oklahoma.
How did John C Calhoun feel about states rights? What was 'nullification'?
He strongly believed in states rights. He even felt that a state could nullify a federal law if they didn't agree with it. This was known as nullification policy.
How did Jackson feel about the second Bank of the US?
He thought it was unconstitutional. In addition, he felt that it purposely gave more wealth to the north, at the expense of the south. He eventually closed it in 1836, at the end of his presidency.
How did the Whig Party get started and when?
In 1834, politicians who were opposed to Andrew Jackson got together to form the Whig Party. They were predominantely from the north. They did not like how Jackson closed the Second Bank.
Who was Martin Van Buren?
He was the secretary of state under Jackson and supported him. So he was a democrat. He was elected the 8th president after Jackson in 1836.
What party was Martin Van Buren, and which party did he defeat in the election?
Van Buren was a democrat like Jackson. He defeated Henry Clay of the Whig Party.
When did the Whigs finally win presidency?
In 1840, William Harrison (with Tyler) defeated Martin Van Buren.
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