A&P Ch7 Terms

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A&P Ch7 Terms
2012-12-15 06:31:24

vital vocab for respiratory system
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  1. ducts formed from division of the respiratory bronchioles in the lower airway, each duct ends in clusters known as alveoli
    alveolar ducts
  2. tiny sacs of lung tissue in which gas exchange takes place
  3. the very thin membrane, consisting of only one cell layer, that lies between the alveolus and capillary, through which respiratory exchange between the alveolus and the blood vessels occurs.
    alveolocapillary membrane
  4. a disease of the lungs caused by inhalation of asbestos particles
  5. a reversible restrictive lower airway disease
  6. a disease of the lung caused by consistent inhalation of coal dust
    black lung disease
  7. arteries that branch off of the thoracic aorta and supply the lung tissus with blood
    bronchial arteries
  8. veins that return deoxygenated blood to the heart from the lungs
    bronchial veins
  9. fine subdivisions of the bronchi that give rise to the alveolar ducts
  10. medication that is designed to improve lung function
  11. constriction of the airway passages of the lungs that accompanies muscle spasms
  12. the projection of the lowest portion of tracheal cartiglage, at the level of the fifth thoracic vertebra
  13. chronic inflammatory condition affecting the bronchi that is associated with excess mucus production that results from overgrowth of the mucous glands in the airways
    chronic bronchitis
  14. a progressive and irreversible disease of the airway marked by decreased inspiratory and expiratory capacity of the lungs
    chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
  15. three bony ridges contained within the lateral walls of the nasopharynx
  16. the process by which gas dissolves in a liquid
  17. destruction of the walls of the alveoli, which creates resistance in expiratory airflow
  18. a thin plate of cartilage that closes over the glottic opening during swallowing
  19. the tubular organ posterior to the trachea, connecting the pharynx to the stomach
  20. the external openings to the nasal cavity
    external nares (nostrils)
  21. the volume of air exhaled from the lung following a forceful exhalation
    forced expiratory vital capacity (FEVI)
  22. the opening into the lower airway made up of the true vocal cords and the opening between them
  23. the floor of the nasal cavity
    hard palate
  24. the point of entry for the bronchi, vessels and nerves into each lung
  25. the posterior opening from the nasopharynx into the pharynx
    interior nares
  26. the opening of the lower airway, which consists of several cartilaginous structures held together by ligaments
  27. a small portion of the left lung that is the equivalent of the middle lobe in the right lung
  28. the two primary organs of breathing
  29. the part of the lower airway below the laynx through which air enters the lungs
    mainstem bronchi
  30. a passage located below each turbinate
  31. the structure that separates the nasal cavity into two parts
    nasal septum
  32. the ducts that drain tears from the lacrimal sac to the meatus
    nasolacrimal ducts
  33. the nasal cavity, which extends from the internal nares to the uvula
  34. the oral cavity, which extends from the uvula to the epiglottis
  35. the pleural membrane that lines the pleural cavity
    parietal pleura
  36. a measurement of the amount of carbon dioxide in the blood
    partial pressure of carbon dioxide (PaCO2)
  37. a measurement of the amount of oxygen in the blood
    partial pressure of oxygen (PaO2)
  38. the measure of acidity or alkalinity of a solution
  39. the cavity formed by the posterior connection of the oropharynx and nasopharynx
  40. membranes of connective tissue that cover the lungs and line the inner borders of the rib cage
  41. the cavity formed by the inner borders of the rib cage
    pleural cavity
  42. a potential space between the visceral and parietal pleura
    pleural space
  43. decrease in the blood pH secondary to insufficient exhalation of CO2
    primary respiratory acidosis
  44. increase in the blood pH secondary to excessive exhalation of CO2
    primary respiratory alkalosis
  45. tests that assess volumes of air that move into and out of the lungs
    pulmonary function tests
  46. the volume of air remaining in the respiratory passages and lungs after a forceful expiration
    residual volume
  47. structures formed by the final branching of the bronchioles
    respiratory bronchioles
  48. the part of the brain located in the medulla olongata that controls the respiratory stimulus
    respiratory center
  49. the organs and structures associated with breathing, gas exchange, and the entrance of air into the body
    respiratory system
  50. diseases such as black lung disease and asbestosis that result in stiffening of the lungs an significantly decreased vital capacity
    restrictive lung disease
  51. airway passages in the lungs that are formed from division of the right and left mainstem bronchi
    secondary bronchi
  52. a device used in pulmonary function testing that measures air entering and leaving the lungs over a specific period of time
  53. airway passages in the lungs that are formed from branching of the secondary bronchi
    tertiary bronchi
  54. the volume of air inspired during normal inspiration
    tidal volume
  55. the structure made up of cartilage and other connective tissue that lies immediately inferior the the laryx and conveys air to the mainstem bronchi
  56. the inferior portion of the vocal cords that vibrate ot produce sound
    true vocal cords
  57. a set of bony convolutions formed by the conchae in the nasopharynx that help to maintain smooth airflow
  58. a small fleshy mass that hangs from the soft palate
  59. the process of moving air into and out of the lungs
  60. the superior portion of the vocal cords
    vestibular folds (false vocal cords)
  61. the pleural membrane that covers the lungs
    visceral pleura
  62. the amount of air moved in and out of the lungs with maximum inspiration and exhalation
    vital capacity