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2012-12-15 08:44:07
perception coren

Coren Sensation & Perception Chapter 1
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  1. Illusions
    Distortions in the form of disagreement between percept and reality.
  2. Sensation
    Study of sensory processes first contact between the organism and the environment. Focus on less complex aspects of experience.
  3. Perception
    Interested in conscious experience of objects. How do we form conscious representations?
  4. Cognition
    Meaning how we know the world. Lies between perception and learning and is very broad.
  5. Information processing
    Used to describe the whole process which leads to identification and interpretation of stimuli. Assumed to incluce a sensory (or registration) phase a perceptual (or interpretation)stage
  6. Levels-of-processing
    Analysis of all stages of information processing.
  7. Biological reductionism
    Based on the notion that for any given aspect of the observer's sensation there is a corresponding physiological event.
  8. Modularity of perception
    Views the mind as a set of distinct units or mudules each of which is complete in itself and has a specific funcition with specific neural hardware.
  9. Direct perception
    Believes that all information needed to form a conscious percept is available in the stimuli that reach our receptors.
  10. Invariants
    Are fixed properties of a stimulus.
  11. Affordances
    Acition possibilites which are available to the observer: Picking up an object and using it.
  12. Computational theories
    Label for the calculating features of objects or aspects of the environment from aspects of the stimuli reaching the observer.
  13. Intelligent perception
    In addition to the information from our senses we use our previous experiences our expectations
  14. Constructive theories
    State that our final conscious impression may involve combining a number of different factors to ""construct"" the final percept.