the picturing in words of something or someone through detailed observation of color, motion, sound, taste, smell, and touch; one of the four modes of discourse.
word choice, an element of style
writing whose purpose is to instruct or to teach. The work is usually formal and focuses on moral or ethical concerns. This type of writing may be fiction or nonfiction that teaches a specific lesson or moral or provides a model of correct behavior or thinking.
Harsh or grating sounds that do not go together.
When the reader is aware of an inconsistency between a fictional or nonfictional character's perception of a situation and the truth of that situation.
the use of a quotation at the beginning of a work that hints at its theme. "Hemingway begins The Sun Also Rises with two quotations. One of them is "You are all a lost generation" By Gertrude Stein.
When a writer tries to persuade the audience to respect and believe him or her based on a presentation of image of self through the text. Reputation is sometimes a factor in this type of appeal, but in all cases the aim is to gain the audience's confidence. (Ethos)
A more acceptable and usually more pleasant way of saying something that might be inappropriate or uncomfortable. "He went to his final reward" is a common saying for "he died."
a succession of harmonious sounds used in poetry or prose; the opposite of cacophony.
The art of interpreting or discovering the meaning of a text. It is usually involves close readings and special attention to figurative language.
the immediate revelation to the audience of the setting and other background information necessary for understanding the plot; also, explanation; one of the four modes of discourse.
a sustained comparison, often referred to as a conceit. The extended metaphor is developed throughout a piece of writing.
(+Fallacies) Ad Hominem
This fallacy refers to the specific diversionary tactic of switching the argument from the issue at hand to the character of the other speaker.
When two cases are not sufficiently parallel to lead readers to accept a claim of connection between them.
language that contains figures of speech, such as similes and metaphors, in order to create association that are imaginative rather than literal.
the use of a hint or clue to suggest a larger event that occurs late in the work.
Sentence consisting of three or more very short independent clauses joined by conjuctions.
When a writer bases a claim upon an isolated example or asserts that a claim is certain rather than probable. Sweeping generalizations occur when w riter asserts that a claim applies to all instances instead of some.
a type of literary work, such as a novel or poem; there are also subgenres, such as science fiction or sonnet, within the larger genres; the major category into which a literary work fits.
The excessive pride of ambition that leads a tragic hero to disregard warnings of impending doom, eventually causing his or her downfall.
anything that causes laughter or amusement; up until the end of the Renaissance, humor meant a person's temperament.
deliberate exaggeration in order to create humor or emphasis.
words or phrases that use a collection of images to appeal to one or more of the five-senses in order to create a mental picture.
the process that moves froma given series of specifics to a generalization.