Nutrition 506 Final Exam

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elo266
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Nutrition 506 Final Exam
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2010-05-12 01:42:23
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NUTR 506
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  1. An individual's ability to cope with daily events and deal with personal feelings in a positive, optimistic, and constructive way is known as ________ wellness.
    A) emotional
    B) social
    C) spiritual
    D) intellectual
    A) emotional
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. Which of the following is an indicator of improved metabolic fitness?
    A) decreased BP
    B) increased agility
    C) increased flexibility
    D) all of these
    A) decreased BP
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. Which of the following is currently the #1 cause of death?
    A) smoking
    B) cancer
    C) pneumonia
    D) heart disease
    D) heart disease
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. The three priority healthy lifestyles are regular physical activity, sound nutrition, and:
    A) low cholesterol
    B) low BP
    C) stress management
    D) normal body weight
    C) stress management
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. Flexibility refers to:
    A) range of motion around a joint
    B) the ability of the muscles to exert themselves
    C) force generated over time
    D) percentage of muscle to fat
    A) range of motion around a joint
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. T/F: Health and wellness are the same term.
    F
  7. T/F: Obesity is a hypokinetic condition.
    T
  8. According to Prochaska's "Stages of Change" model individuals in the preparation stage would say which of the following?
    A) i am thinking about changing
    B) i have made some lifestyle changes
    C) don't even talk to me about changing
    D) i am getting ready to make a change
    D) i am getting ready to make a change
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. When an individual, in meeting health goals, takes small steps that allow success, he or she is employing what self-management skill?
    A) balancing attitudes
    B) overcoming barriers
    C) building self-confidence and motivation
    D) changing beliefs
    C) building self-confidence and motivation
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. Learning to cope with problems such as lack of facilities or inadequate equipment is known as:
    A) overcoming barriers
    B) finding social support
    C) goal-setting
    D) preventing relapse
    A) overcoming barriers
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. Which of the following statements is TRUE regarding the "Stages of Change" model?
    A) it was originally developed to help people understand how to eat healthier
    B) it can be applied to positive and negative lifestyle behaviours
    C) once maintenance is attained, relapse can lead to termination
    D) an individual who has purchased a nicotine patch is in the contemplation stage
    B) it can be applied to positive and negative lifestyle behaviors
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. Which type of factor helps an individual move from action to maintenance?
    A) predisposing
    B) enabling
    C) reinforcing
    D) personal
    C) reinforcing
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. T/F: People with a lower socioeconomic status exercise more.
    F
  14. Subjective well-being is also known as:
    A) wellness
    B) self-confidence
    C) optimism
    D) happiness
    D) happiness
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. The difference between psychosocial health and mental health is that psychosocial health:
    A) depends on emotional health
    B) is a broader concept
    C) ignores mental health issues
    D) is not a widely accepted concept
    B) is a broader concept
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. The characteristics that describe a person's ability to bounce back in times of difficulty or threats in a healthy person is known as:
    A) self esteem
    B) resiliency
    C) self- efficacy
    D) subjective well-being
    B) resiliency
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. Which of the following is NOT one of the four aspects of psychosocial health?
    A) mental health
    B) physical health
    C) spiritual health
    D) emotional health
    B) physical health
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. _______ needs are considered the most basic and form the foundation of Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
    A) esteem
    B) physiological
    C) safety
    b) security
    C) safety
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. Psychosocial health is based, in part, on our life experiences as well as how we perceive life experiences. All of the following are considered internal factors that affect psychosocial health except:
    A) feelings of self-esteem
    B) social support
    C) maturity
    D) personality
    B) social support
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. T/F: Personality traits can enhance or decrease psychosocial health. Introversion is a personality trait that increases psychosocial health.
    F
  21. Which of the following statements is MOST likely to be TRUE?
    A) a fit heart will pump less blood with each beat
    B) a fit heart is able to handle any extra demands placed upon it
    C) there is just one method of prevention of heart disease
    D) a fit heart has less collateral circulation
    B) a fit heart is able to hangle any extra demands placed upon it
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. What is the link between breast cancer and sedentary living?
    A) expercise decreases the amount of breast tissue exposure to estrogen
    B) there is limited evidence and no established link
    C) exercise speeds movement of cancerous cells through the breast tissue
    D) exercise increases lean body mass, which reduces estrogen levels
    A) exercise decreases the amount of breast tissue exposure to estrogen
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. Activity can reduce the risk of colon cancer because it:
    A) increases immune system function
    B) lowers hormone levels
    C) lowers body fat levels
    D) speeds movement of food through the digesetive system
    D) speeds movement of food through the digestive system
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. Which of the following is TRUE of activity and osteoporosis?
    A) activity reduces an individual's peak bone mass
    B) weight training is not effective for improving bone health
    C) activity slows the decline in bone mass normally seen with aging
    D) peak bone mass is achieved late in adulthool
    C) activity slows the decline in bone mass normally seen with aging
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. What is compression?
    A) shortening the total number of years that illnesses or disabilities occur
    B) shortening the total numers of years of life
    C) reducing the amount of exercise needed to reduce the risk of CVD
    D) reducing the amount of time it takes to achieve benefits from activity
    A) shortening the total number of years that illnesses or disabilities occur
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. Which of the following are considered forms of CVD?
    A) hypertension
    B) peripheral vascular disease
    C) all
    D) stroke
    C) all
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. T/F: As the intensity and frequency of physical activity increases, immune function also increases in a linear fashion.
    F
  28. T/F: Regular physical activity promotes insulin sensitivity
    T
  29. If there is doubt about an individual's readiness for PA, what is recommended?
    A) ask the individual to take a more comprehensive medical risk questionnaire
    B) monitor the heart rate and BP of the individual on a daily basis
    C) have the individual get a medical exam and clinical exercise test to be certain he/she is ready to participate
    D) be sure the individual understands the risk of PA and signs the liability form
    C) have the individual get a medical exam and clinical exercise test to be certain he/she is ready to participate
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. What components of fitness should be emphasized in a warm-up?
    A) strength and flexibilty
    B) cardiovascular and flexibility
    C) muscular endurance and cardiovascular
    D) agility and coordination
    B) CV and flexibility
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. Which of the following is a primary benefit of the CV cool down?
    A) burn extra calories before stopping
    B) minimize blood pooling
    C) increase lactic acid formation
    D) reduce risk of dehydration
    B) minimize blood pooling
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. Physical activity in hot and humid environments challenges the body because:
    A) the human body temperature starts off at 99.8F in the heat
    B) acclimatization is not possible in hot environments
    C) it produces large amounts of heat that must be regulated
    D) evaporation effectiveness is increased in humid environments
    C) it produces large amounts of heat that must be regulated
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. What 2 components comprise the wind-chill factor?
    A) wind speed and temperature
    B) the length of time exposed and age
    C) wind speed and humidity
    D) wind direction and atmospheric pressure
    A) wind speed and temperature
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. Delayed onset muscle soreness is due to:
    A) microscopic muscle tears
    B) lactic acid build up
    C) increased ROM during activity
    D) protein consumption
    A) microscopic muscle tears
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. T/F: At the conclusion of an exercise program, a PAR-Q should be assessed to evaluate the program's effectiveness.
    F
  36. Marjorie designed her running program to gradually increase her mileage each week. Which principle of PA does this represent?
    A) muscle recruitment
    B) specificity
    C) progression
    D) all-or-none
    C) progression
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. Maddie has been regularly performing the same exercise routine for 5 years. She has reached a plataeu in her fitness level. Based on the principles of PA, what is the best explanation for this?
    A) her body is experiencing a hypokinetic condition
    B) Maddie needs to provide additional overload to gain further benefits
    C) there are no further benefits to gain since she has been active for so long
    D) the adaptations from her regular exercise regimen have been reversed
    B) Maddie needs to provide additional overload to gain further benefits
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. What is an important guideline to consider when using the PA pyramid?
    A) no single activity provides all of the benefits
    B) a person who meets the FIT formula for level 2 still needs to perform level 1 activities
    C) once you have reached a healthful level of fitness, you should still try to improve
    D) the best activity is at the top of the pyramid
    A) no single activity provides all of the benefits
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  39. How does PA relate with health?
    A) the greatest decline in rish occurs with small amounts of activity
    B) fitness does not decrease health risks
    C) you have to do a lot of PA to decrease risk
    D) activity must be of high intensity to achieve fitness gains
    A) the greatest decline on risk occurs with small amounts of activity
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  40. Children are recommended to participate in PA at least:
    A) 60 min/day
    B) 20 min/day
    C) 30 min/day
    D) 45 min/day
    A) 60 min/day
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  41. T/F: Lifestyle activities include brisk jogging or cycling
    F
  42. A daily step count of 10,000 is:
    A) the average step count accumulated by sedentary women
    B) equal to performing 30min of lifestyle PA
    C) the recommendation for inactive adults
    D) too rigorous a standard for sedentary people
    D) too rigorous a standard for sedentary people
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  43. Wht are lifestyle activities placed at the bottom of the PA pyramid?
    a) most people can understand what they are
    b) there are a greater number of lifestyle activities vs. aerobic-type activities
    c) most people can easily perform them
    d) few people participate in these activities
  44. In his famous epidemiological study, Dr. Jeremy Morris compared the mortality rates of:
    A) commuters (bike vs. drive to work)
    B) zoo keepers vs. zoo animals
    C) bus conductors vs. drivers
    D) teachers vs. secretaries
    C) bus conductors vs. drivers
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  45. Estimate the kcalories from 1 hour of broomball (7 METS) for an individual who weighs 120lbs
    A) 477 cal
    B) 840 cal
    C) 1848 cal
    D) 382 cal
    D) 382 cal (120lbs/2.2= 54kg, 54kg x 7= 382 cal)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  46. T/F: To meet current recommendations, daily PA must be done in one session
    b) false
  47. FOB: ________ ________ is a self-rating system in which a person quantifies the amount of time s/he considers him/herself in good or better than good health
    self assessment
  48. FOB: ____ factors are skills that help you carry out your healthy lifestyle plan
    enabling
  49. According to Prochaska and his transtheoretical model, the ______ stage is associated with inidividuals who are not considering making any lifestyle change.
    precontemplation
  50. SeDs stands for ____ ______ _______
    sedentary death syndrome
  51. PAR-Q stands for ______ ______ _______ _______
    Physical assessment readiness questionnaire
  52. Insulin _____ is a condition that occurs when insulin becomes ineffective or less effective regulating the glucose uptake by the body's cells
    insensitivity
  53. The four main themes of _______ health inclue interconnectidness, mindfulness, community, and everyday life.
    spiritual
  54. The principle of __________ _________ specifies that the more benefits you gain as a result of activity, the harder additional benefits are to achieve.
    diminished returns
  55. the _____ _________ describes aspects of human's created physical surrounding (ie. roads, sidewalks, etc) that is theorized to impact our level of PA
    built environment
  56. define wellness
    the integration of components (PISSE) that expand one's potential to live and work effectively and to make a significant contribution to society. is a + component of good health
  57. define hyopkinetic
    not enough movement; assoc. with a sedentary lifestyle
  58. define metabolic syndrome
    poor metabolic fitness; increased risk of CVD, high BP, obesity, etc
  59. define self-efficacy
    considence that you can perform a specific task
  60. define FITT
    • FITT= frequency, intensity, time, type
    • -important variables for applying the overload principle

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