AP English Lit terms

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MarkK
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189696
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AP English Lit terms
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2012-12-15 21:26:35
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  1. a literary work in which characters, objects, or actions represent abstractions
    allegory
  2. a reference to something literary, mythological, or historical that the author assumes the reader will recognize
    allusion
  3. the repetition of words or phrases at the beginning of consecutive lines or sentences
    anaphora
  4. a brief narrative that focuses on a particular incident or event
    anecdote
  5. a figure of speech in which one directly addresses an absent or imaginary person, or some abstraction
    apostrophe
  6. a statement consisting of two parallel parts in which the second part is structurally reversed
    (Susan walked  in, and out rushed Mary)
    chiasmus
  7. a fanciful, particularly clever extended metaphor
    conceit
  8. the word choices made by a writer
    diction
  9. the omission of a word or phrase which is grammatically necessary but can be deduced from the context
    (Some prefer cats; others, dogs)
    ellipsis
  10. a saying or statement on the title page of a work, or used as a heading for a chapter or other section of a work
    epigraph
  11. an indirect, less offensive way of saying something that is considered unpleasant
    euphemism
  12. excessive pride or arrogance that results in the downfall of the protagonist of a tragedy
    hubris
  13. intentional exaggeration to create an effect
    hyperbole
  14. the use of words to convey the opposite of their literal meaning; or, incongruity between what is expected and what actually occurs
    irony
  15. a type of understatement in which an idea is expressed by negating its opposite
    (describing a particularly horrific scene by saying, "It was not a pretty picture")
    litotes
  16. the mistaken substitution of one word for another word that sounds similar
    malapropism
  17. substituting the name of one object for another object closely associated with it
    metonymy
  18. a construction in which one word is used in two different senses
    ("After he threw the ball, he threw a fit") 
    syllepsis
  19. the manner in which words are arranged into sentences
    syntax
  20. the attitude of a writer, usually implied, toward the subject or audience
    tone

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