Vitamins and Minerals

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  1. Thiamine
    • Vitamin B1
    • Water Soluble
    • Coenzyme in transketolases and oxidative decarboxylation (pyruvate dehydrogenase)
  2. Riboflavin
    • Vitamin B2
    • Water soluble
    • Coenzyme in electron transfer reactions (FAD/FADH2)
  3. Niacin
    • Vitambin B3
    • Water soluble
    • Cosubstrate in catabolic (NAD+ -> NADH) and anabolic (NADPH -> NADP+) electron trasnfer reactions
  4. Panthothenic Acid
    • Vitamin B5
    • Water soluble
    • Acyl thioester carrier as a component of coenzyme A or prosthetic group of acyl carrier protein
  5. Pyridoxine
    • Vitamin B6
    • Water soluble
    • Coenzyme in many enzyme reactions, especially of amino acids (transaminases, deaminases, decarboxylases, etc.)
  6. Biotin
    • Vitamin B7
    • Water soluble
    • Coenzyme in Carboxylation reactions (acetyl-CoA and pyruvate carboxylases)
  7. Folic acid
    • Vitamin B9
    • Water soluble
    • accept and transfer one-carbon groups for the synthesis of methionine, thymidine, and purines
  8. Cobalamin
    • Vitamin B12
    • Water Soluble
    • Two essential functions: methionine synthesis and isomerization of methylmalonyl-CoA
  9. Ascorbic Acid
    • Vitamin C
    • Water soluble
    • Antioxidant, coenzyme in hydroxylation reactions (post-translational hydroxylation of proline and lysine in collagen)
  10. Retinol
    • Vitamin A
    • Fat soluble
    • involved in many processes: retanoic acid is a ligand for receptor-mediated gene expression, while photoisomerization of 11-ciss to all-trans retinal is the key initial event in vision
  11. Vitamin D
    • Fat soluble
    • a hormone involved primarily in regulating blood calcium and phosphate levels
  12. Vitamin K
    • Fat soluble
    • coenzyme in the carboxylation of Glutamate to form gamma-carboylglutamate which is required for blood clotting factor function
  13. Vitamin E
    • Fat soluble
    • An antioxidant, helps prevent damage from reactive oxygen species
  14. Cobalt
    component of vitamin B12
  15. fluorine
    present in bone and teeth
  16. Iodine
    component of thyroid hormones
  17. iron
    component of haem pigments
Card Set:
Vitamins and Minerals
2012-12-16 19:49:20

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