Patho I Exam 1

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Patho I Exam 1
2012-12-16 19:21:17

Patho I Exam 1 Disease
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  1. Branch of medicine dealing with the nature of disease, especially with reference to structural and functional changes in tissues and organs of the human body defines?
  2. Science that deals with the abnormal orgin structure, and function of living things
  3. the study of changes in structure of the body as a tresult of disease
    Pathological anatomy
  4. the study of changes in structure of the body as as result of disease that are readily seen with the unaided eye
    Gross pathology
  5. deals with the changes in microscopic structure that cells, tissues, and organs undergo as a result of disease
    Microscopic pathology
  6. the study of the changes in tissue occurring during disease falls under microscopic pathology
  7. the study of tissue specimens excised surgically
    Surgical pathology
  8. What are the five reasons embalmers should study pathology?
    1. to recognize the pathological conditions which require special procedures in the removal, handling, preparation, and disposition of human remains

    2. to deminstrate knowledge of the terminology which will enable competent communication with members of the medical profession and other health field members

    3. to understand why cooperation in community programs for controlling diseases and promoting medical research is important

    4. to recognize, prior to and during the procedure of embalming, the problems presented by disease processes and etiological factors

    5. to understand the benefits derived from the post-modern examination of human remains
  9. the organized study of the composition and characteristics of body secretions, excretions, and fluids
    Clinical pathology
  10. the study of disease as it relates to body function
    Physiological pathology
  11. use of information obtained from pathological examinations of biological material, obtained from dead bodies, in legal procedings
    • Medico-legal pathology
    • or
    • Forensic pathology
  12. the study of disease to ascertain cause and manner of death (Accidental-Violent-Sudden Death)
    • Forensic pathology
    • or
    • Medico-legal pathology
  13. Why is an autopsy important?
    • 1. confirm or alter medical diagnosis
    • 2. advancement of medical knowledge and research
    • 3. assist in Medicao/Legal cases to determine identification of the deceased and cause and manner of death
  14. what should the attitude of a Funeral Director be toward autopsies?
    • 1. be positive
    • 2. show a spirit of cooperation
    • 3. be considered a service to your families
  15. deals with the study of the general processes of disease, such as inflammation, degeneration, necrosis, or cellular death, repair, disturbance of circulation without reference to particular organs or organ systems
    General pathology
  16. deals with the special features of disease in relation to particular organs or organ systems
    Special pathology
  17. the abnormal performance of certain physiological functions as a result of injury to the cells performing the functions
  18. Explain the "Doctrine of Cellular Pathology"
    Diseases cells make-up diseased tissues, which make-up diseased organs which make-up diseased systems which make-up a diseased body.
  19. Who was Rudolf Virchow?
    considered the "Father of Cellular Pathology"
  20. a structural change brought about by disease
  21. the identification of a disease
  22. a determination of the nature of a disease
  23. a prediciton of the probable outcome of a disease
  24. subjective disturbances caused by disease that are felt or experienced, but not directly measurable
  25. objective disturbances produced by disease
  26. a group of signs and symptoms that collectively characterize or indicate a particular disease or abnormal condition
  27. an increase in severity of a disease
  28. unfavorable conditions thta arise during the course of a disease
  29. List the divisions of pathology including which ones fall under another grouping.
    • 1. patholigical anatomy
    •    a. gross pathology
    •    b. microscopic pathology
    •    c. histo pathology

    • 2. surgical pathology
    • 3. clinical pathology
    • 4. physiological pathology
    • 5. medico/legal or forensic pathology
  30. remote aftereffects produced by a disease
  31. a temporary cessation of the manifestations of a disease
    • Remission
    • or
    • Abatement
  32. a lessening in severity
    • Remission
    • or
    • Abatement
  33. a disease that begins before birth and is evident at the time of birth
    Congenital disease
  34. a disease that develops after birth
    Acquired disease
  35. a disease that reappears as symptoms after an intermission or remission
    Recurrent disease
  36. a disease with an alternating increase and decrease of symptoms
    Recurrent disease
  37. a disease of unknown cause
    Idiopathic disease
  38. a disease that is characterized by fever
    Febrile disease
  39. a disease with an abnormally high rate of occurence in members of a workforce
    Occupational disease
  40. a disease which occurs during the course of another disease
    lntercurrent disease
  41. a disease characterized by a swift onset and rapid course
    Acute disease
  42. an acute disease that quickly proves fatal
    Fulminating disease
  43. a disease with a slow onset and long continued duration
    Chronic disease
  44. a disease due to the lack of some essential dietary factors such as vitamins or minerals
    Deficiency disease
  45. a disease in which genetic factors have been transmitted from parent to offspring
    Hereditary disease
  46. a disease that is continuously present in a community
    Endemic disease
  47. a disease that attacks a large number of people in a community at the same time
    Epidemic disease
  48. an extensive epidemic, possibly of world-wide extent
    Pandemic disease
  49. a disease that occurs occasionally in a random or isolated manner
    Sporadic disease
  50. a state in which a person exhibits unusual reactions in contact with an allergen
    • Allergy
    • or
    • Hypersensitivity
  51. the state of being poisoned by a drug or toxic substance
  52. the state or condition in which the body or part of the body is invaded by a pathogenic agent that, under favorable conditions, multiplies and produces injurious effects
  53. the harboring of animal parasites, especially macroscopic forms
  54. a disease that may be transmitted directly or indirectly from one individual to another
    Communicable disease
  55. a disease that is caused by adverse activity of medical professionals
    Iatrogenic disease
  56. an infection acquired in a hospital
    Nosocomial infection
  57. any abnormal tissue development
  58. the number of cases of a disease within a certain population at a given time
  59. basically the same as prevalence
    Morbidity rate
  60. some times seen as the ratio of sick to well
    Morbidity rate
  61. the number of deaths in a given time or place
    Mortality rate
  62. the proportion of deaths to a population
    Mortality rate
  63. the manner of development of a disease
  64. Describe pathogenesis in more detail than the definition given above.
    what causes it, what changes it produces, and how it affects the structure and functional activities of the involved organs and the body as a whole

    the prognosis and rational treatment of a disease are based on this
  65. disease which produces NO recognizable structure changes
    Functional disease
  66. What are the examples of a functional disease?
    • diabetes
    • epilepsy
  67. disease which produces recognizable structure changes
    Organic disease
  68. What are the examples of an organic disease?
    • cancer
    • leprosy
  69. the study of the causes of disease
  70. those factors which make the body more susceptible to the development of a disease without actually causing it

    these may significantly afect and alter the course of disease in a given person
    Predisposing conditions
  71. List the examples of predisposing conditions.
    • 1. age
    • 2. gender (sex)
    • 3. race - sickle cell anemia
    • 4. nutrition - qulity & quantity
    • 5. occupation
    • 6. emotion
    • 7. environment
    • 8. economic statis
    • 9. genetics/heredity
  72. conditions that actually cause disease
    • Excitatory causes
    • or
    • lmmediate causes
  73. List the divisions of excitatory causes.
    • 1. trauma
    • 2. physical agents
    • 3. chemical agents
    • 4. infectious of living agents
    • 5. defiviency of vitamins, minerals, hormones
    • 6. allergens