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Name other names for the Philadelphia Convention?
- Constitutional Convention
- Federal Convention
- Great Philadelphia Convention
When was the Philadelphia Convention held?
Between May 14 and September 17
What was the Philadelphia Convention held for?
To solve the problems of government of the United States since our independence from Great Britain and under the Articles of Confederation.
What did James Madison and Alexander Hamilton want to do with the Philadelphia Convention?
Create a new government rather than "fix" the existing (current) one.
Who presided (was in charge) of the Philadelphia Convention?
Delegates or Representatives elected George Washington
What was the result of the Philadelphia Convention?
Creation of the Constitution of the United States of America
Who is George Mason IV?
"Father of the United States Bill of Rights" along with James Madison
Anti-federalist and against a strong national government
Who was James Madison?
"Father of the Constitution"
"Father of the United States Bill of Rights"
4th President of the United States
What are the three branches of the Government? and Why?
So no one has too much power
What is the Preamble to the Constitution?
Insure domestic tranquility
Provide for common defense
Promote General Welfare
What is the House of Representatives?
write, study and pass bills to become laws (President must sign within 10 days)
What if the President chooses to veto a law?
To become law there must a vote with 2/3 majority in both houses of Congress for it to pass
What is the Tenth Amendment to the Constitution?
December 15, 1791
If it is not the countries responsibility or against the law of the state then it is reserved to the states or to the people
Who was Alexander Hamilton?
First US Secretary of the Treasury
Picture on $10 bill
(one of only two non-presidents) who is on a dollar bill
Who is Roger Sherman?
Created the Great Compromise
What is the Great Compromise?
People represented by House of Representatives (number determined by size of state)
States represented by Senate (2 per state)
What was the American Revolutionary War?
War of Independence of the United States
13 colonies fought against Great Britain
Ended with Battle of Yorktown and signing of the Treaty of Paris
What was the Louisiana Purchase?
Sold by Napoleon to the US for 15 Million Dollars
doubled the size of the US
Who was Frances Scott Key?
Wrote "The Star Spangled Banner" during the War of 1812
What does ratify mean?
What is checks and balances?
Legislative branch (Congress) writes laws but President must sign
No one part of the government has too much power
What does the Legislative Branch of the Government do?
Make or write laws
What does the Judicial Branch of the Government do?
What does the Executive Branch of the Government do?
President approves and Signs bills to become laws
What does "federal" mean?
National government (United States)
What does the Bill of Rights do?
Guarantees freedoms by placing limits on the government
What is the Preamble to the US Constitution?
Introduction and states the goals of the Constitution
What does Amendment mean?
Addition or changes to the Constitution
What does Veto mean?
Refuse to sign into law
Only done by President
How many amendments are in the Bill of Rights?
What is in the 1st Amendment?
Freedom of religion, speech and assembly (gathering)
What are reserved powers?
Powers given to the state governments
What is Concurrent Powers?
Powers shared by national government and state government (US and Texas)
What is the 4th amendment?
[Bill of Rights]
Guards (protects) against search and seizures (taking something or someone)
[Bill of Rights]
Freedom of press (write what you want)
Which amendment to the Constitution gives powers to the states?
What is the 6th Amendment? "Due Process"
[Bill of Rights]
- 1. Should get a speedy and public trial
- 2. Impartial (fair) jury
- 3. May have a lawyer
- 4. Can't be tried twice for same crime
What do the first 10 amendments have in the Constitution?
list rights that belong to all Americans and citizens of the US
What does indispensable mean?
Who is in the electoral college?
People chosen by each state who vote for President and Vice President
How many people of the electoral college voted for George Washington?
All of them
Who was George Washington?
Who was the first Vice President?
What is the inauguration?
Ceremony where the President is swears loyalty to Constitution and takes office
What does DC mean?
District of Columbia
What was the frontier?
Edge of the settlement
Two political parties were formed...
Jefferson - Democratic Republicans
Hamilton - Federalist
1775, Daniel Boone created this trail from Virginial to Kentucky
Who were Lewis and Clark
Explorers looking for:
1. Water to the Pacific
2. Relationships (Friends) with Native Americans (Indians)
Which tribe did Sacagawea belong to?
How did she help Lewis and Clark
translater and guide
Power only National Government has?
make currency (money)
What was Shay's Rebellion?
led to the writing of the US Constitution
Who was Benjamin Franklin?
believed we should become an independent nation with a constitution
What are the first 10 amendments of the Constitution called?
Bill of Rights
When an amendment is added what must the states do?
Where are these documents displayed? and how?
National Archives Building where they put them down underground for large portions of the day to protect from the sunlight
What is migrate?
move to another place
What is an immigrant?
Someone who comes from another country
What does coastal mean?
What is the 15th Amendment?
All men (regardless of race) have the right to vote
What is the 19th Amendment
Women have the right to vote
What is the 23rd Amendment?
People of DC have the right to vote
What is the 26th Amendment?
18 year olds can vote
How many goals are in the Preamble?
How many amendmentsare there in the constitution?