Dendro Midterm

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Dorky48
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189932
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Dendro Midterm
Updated:
2012-12-17 16:57:28
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Dendrology Rutgers Midterm
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Dendrology Rutgers Midterms
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  1. T or F
    Three or more primary veins arising at or near the base of the blade and spreading out like a fan with secondaries off of these describes pinnate
    False
  2. T or F
    Anemochory is the term for dispersal of fruits/seeds by wind
    True
  3. T or F
    The term for pollination by insects is anemophily
    False
  4. T or F
    The internode is the region of the stem or twig where the leaf arises
    False
  5. T or F
    In a flower, the outer whorl of sepals and the inner whorl of petals collectively form the perianth
    True
  6. T or F
    The three main parts of a leaf are the blade, apex and base
    False
  7. T or F
    A tree whose growth habit is that of repeatedly forked stems is excurrent habit.
    False
  8. T or F
    White oak is an example of a tree with an excurrent habit.
    False
  9. T or F
    Hickory is an example of a species with a simple fruit
    True
  10. T or F
    Sweet gum is an example of a species that has a multiple fruit
    True
  11. T or F
    NJ has three primary physiographic provinces
    False
  12. T or F
    The habit of a tree with a central dominant trunk and a symmetrical, spire-like crown is called deliquesent
    False
  13. T or F
    Tulip poplar is an example of a tree with a deliquesent habit
    True
  14. T or F
    Most trees generally have a taproot system
    False - Fibrous
  15. T or F
    Alternate leaf arangement is the most common for tree species. 
    True
  16. Name the seven primary levels or taxonomic ranks for classifying trees from highest (most inclusive) to lowest (least inclusive).
    • Phylla
    • Class
    • Subclass
    • Order
    • Family
    • Genus Species
  17. T or F
    Hypogeal seed germination is where the cotyledons rise above the ground.
    False
  18. T or F
    Leaves that turn light greenish-yellow before dropping in the winter are marcescent.  
    False
  19. T or F
    A tree with either male or female flowers/cones is dioecious
    True
  20. T or F
    A general definition of 'tolerance' is that a tolerant tree survives and grows under full sunlight with competition from inividuals of the same species
    False
  21. T or F
    A particular combination of environmental factors or conditions that allow a species to grow, develop and successfully compete and reproduce is its habit. 
    False
  22. T or F
    Aspect is a climatic factor of species habitat that refers to directional exposure to sunlight
    False
  23. T or F
    In terms of classifying fruit, dehiscent and indehiscent refer to the requiremen of heat for the fruit to open and realease seeds.  
    False
  24. T or F
    The order Magnoliales is in the subclass Magnoliidae, which is in the class Magnoliopsida, which is in the phyllum Magnoliophyta. 
    True
  25. T or F
    An imperfect flower contains eiher male or female structures
    True
  26. T or F
    Dicots (magnoliopsida) have 2(4) cotyledons, pinnate or palmate leaf venation, flower parts in 4's or 5's and vascular bundles forming a ring around a central pith
    True
  27. T or F
    Magnoliophyta (angiosperms) are characterized by true flowers, true fruits, enclosing the seeds and double fertilization
    True
  28. T or F
    Aments and panicles are two types of inflorescence
    True
  29. 1.  Carpinus                 A. Altingiaceae
    2. Tilia                         B. Betulaceae
    3. Tamarix                   C. Casuarinaceae
    4.  Ostrya                     D. Ericaceae
    5.  Salix                       E. Fagaceae
    6. Zelkova                   F. Hamamelidaceae
    7. Populus                   G. Juglandaceae
    8.  Carya                     H. Magnoliaceae
    9. Liquidambar            I. Malvaceae
    10. Lithocarpus           J. Myricaceae
    11. Castanea                K. Salicaceae
    12. Liriodendron          L.  Tamaricaceae
    13.  Franklinia             M. Theaceae
    14. Alnus                     N. Ulmaceae
    • 1. B
    • 2. I
    • 3. L
    • 4. B
    • 5. K
    • 6. N
    • 7. K
    • 8. G
    • 9. A
    • 10. E
    • 11. E
    • 12. H
    • 13. M
    • 14. B
  30. Leaves alternate, pinnately compound, estipulate, often aromatic 

    A. Cactaceae
    B. Magnoliaceae
    C. Theaceae
    D. Causarinaceae
    E. Myricaceae
    F. Platanaceae
    G. Fagaceae
    H. Betulaceae
    I. Juglandaceae
    J. Salicaceae
    I
  31. Leaves are simple, alternate, yellow-black resin dots, usually aromatic, entire or toothed margins

    A. Cactaceae B. Magnoliaceae C. Theaceae D. Causarinaceae E. Myricaceae F. Platanaceae G. Fagaceae H. Betulaceae I. Juglandaceae J. Salicaceae
    E
  32. Small trees or shrubs that fix N, leaves minute, scale-like, whorled, connate; naturalized species in US are now considered invasive
    A. CactaceaeB. MagnoliaceaeC. TheaceaeD. CausarinaceaeE. MyricaceaeF. PlatanaceaeG. FagaceaeH. BetulaceaeI. JuglandaceaeJ. Salicaceae
    D
  33. Leaves large, 3-6 lobed, palmately veined; bark peeling, variable-colored; fruit is a mulitple of achenes
    A. CactaceaeB. MagnoliaceaeC. TheaceaeD. CausarinaceaeE. MyricaceaeF. PlatanaceaeG. FagaceaeH. BetulaceaeI. JuglandaceaeJ. Salicaceae
    F
  34. Fruit is a 1-celled, 2-4 valved capsule with comose seeds that are wind-disperesed in late spring or early summer, and must be kept moist to avoid losing viability; rapid germination in 24-48 hours under ideal conditions. 
    A. CactaceaeB. MagnoliaceaeC. TheaceaeD. CausarinaceaeE. MyricaceaeF. PlatanaceaeG. FagaceaeH. BetulaceaeI. JuglandaceaeJ. Salicaceae
    J
  35. Fruit-nut(s) encolsed wholly or partially by cupule. 
    A. CactaceaeB. MagnoliaceaeC. TheaceaeD. CausarinaceaeE. MyricaceaeF. PlatanaceaeG. FagaceaeH. BetulaceaeI. JuglandaceaeJ. Salicaceae
    G
  36. Leaves reduced to spines or asent, phtotosynthesis largely by succulent stem; spines and barbed bristles arise from swollen areas
    A. CactaceaeB. MagnoliaceaeC. TheaceaeD. CausarinaceaeE. MyricaceaeF. PlatanaceaeG. FagaceaeH. BetulaceaeI. JuglandaceaeJ. Salicaceae
    A
  37. Flowers solitary, large, perfect, entomophilous, 5 sepals, 5 petals, many stamens, pistil single; fruit is a capsule or berry

    A. CactaceaeB. MagnoliaceaeC. TheaceaeD. CausarinaceaeE. MyricaceaeF. PlatanaceaeG. FagaceaeH. BetulaceaeI. JuglandaceaeJ. Salicaceae
    C
  38. Flowers large, entomophilous, actinomorphic, usually perfect, solitary, perianth of showy tepals in 3's, many stamens, laminar, carpels many and distinct; fruit is an aggregate
    A. CactaceaeB. MagnoliaceaeC. TheaceaeD. CausarinaceaeE. MyricaceaeF. PlatanaceaeG. FagaceaeH. BetulaceaeI. JuglandaceaeJ. Salicaceae
    B
  39. Fruit is a nut or nutlet often subtended or enclosed by bracts. 
    A. CactaceaeB. MagnoliaceaeC. TheaceaeD. CausarinaceaeE. MyricaceaeF. PlatanaceaeG. FagaceaeH. BetulaceaeI. JuglandaceaeJ. Salicaceae
    H

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