CSP Study Material

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CSP Study Material
2013-01-09 22:37:27

CSP Study Material
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  1. Formula for pulleys (with friction)
    • F = Force (future)
    • P = Force (present)
    • i = friction (decimal)
    • n = parts of rope
  2. Formula for pulleys (w/o friction)
    • F = W/n
    • F = Force
    • W = Weight
    • n = parts of rope
  3. Safety Factor Formula

    • SF of 10, Rope tensile 1,500 lbs
    • SWL = 1,500/10 = 150
  4. Class I, Div I
    • Class I - Gas / Liquid
    • Div I - Open

    • Gases or vapor exist 
    • Normal operating conditions
  5. Class I, Div II
    • Class I - Gas / Liquid
    • Div II - Closed

    • Volatile flammable liquid/gas
    • Confined in Closed system
  6. Class II, Div I
    • Class II - Dust
    • Div I - Open

    Combustible Dust present enough to have explosive or ignitable mixtures
  7. Class II, Div II
    • Class II - Dust
    • Div II - Closed

    Sufficient quantities of dust not normally present
  8. Class III, Div I
    • Class III - Fibers
    • Div I - Open

    Location where ignitable fibers are handled
  9. Class III, Div II
    • Class III - Fibers
    • Div II - Closed

    Ignitable fibers are stored
  10. Which chemicals generally burn?
    Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen
  11. Which chemicls generally do not burn?
    Chlorine, Flourine, Bromine (Halons)
  12. Velocity formula - English and Metric
    • English
    • V = velocity (mph)
    •  = coefficient of friction
    • s = distance (ft)

    • Metric
    • V = velocity (km/hr) 
    •  = coefficient of friction
    • s = distance (m)

  13. Point B =
    Point C =
    Point D =
    • B = Elastic Limit (can return to original shape)
    • C = Yield Point (length increases rapidly, stress little to none)
    • D = Ultimate Stress (breaking point)
  14. Fault Event
  15. Basic Event
  16. Undeveloped Event
  17. Normal Event
  18. And Decision
  19. Or Decision
  20. Venn diagram depicts relationships that exist among?
    Set of events & probabilities of events

  21. Red =
    Blue =
    Yellow =
    White =
    • Red = Flammable
    • Blue = Health
    • Yellow = Reactive
    • White = Special
  22. Matrix (task force)
  23. Functional
  24. Divisional
  25. Geographic
  26. Customer
  27. Reference sound pressure
    2 x 10-5
  28. Max use Concentration (MUC) formula
    MUC = PEL x Protection Factor
  29. Molecular weight of Oxygen & (O2)
    16 & 32 g/mole
  30. Molecular weight of Nitrogen & (N2)
    14 & 28 g/mole
  31. Molecular weight of Carbon
    12 g/mole
  32. Molecular weight of Hydrogen & (H2)
    1 & 2 g/mole
  33. Minimum distance from power lines
    10ft + 4" for every 10,000 volts above 50,000 volts
  34. Flammable Liquid - Class IA flash point is
    FP < 73oF and BP < 100oF
  35. Flammable Liquid - Class IB flash point is
    FP < 73oF and BP > 100oF
  36. Flammable Liquid - Class IC flash point is
    FP >= 73oF and BP < 100oF
  37. Combustible Liquid - Class II flash point is
    FP >= 100oF and < 140oF
  38. Combustible Liquid - Class IIIA flash point is
    FP >= 140oF and < 200oF
  39. Combustible Liquid - Class IIIB flash point is
    FP >= 200oF
  40. Pressure of a liquid tank formula

    • P = pressure
    • p = liquid density
    • g = gravity
    • h = height of liquid
  41. 95% confidence limits formula

    •  = Mean
    • s = std deviation
    • n = number sampled
  42. Far field formula
    • A = Area
    •  = wavelength of signal

    • c = speed of light (3 x 108)
    • f = frequence (GHz)
  43. Pyrophoric
    Materials that ignite spontaneously when exposed to air
  44. Hypergolic
    A violent reaction which occurs when two materials come in contact with each other
  45. Pyrolysis
    The process where materials decompose in the presence of heat
  46. Deflagration
    Rapid burning fire which produces flame speed that travels slower than the speed of sound
  47. Physiology
    Is the study of body functions
  48. Psychology
    Is the study of behavior
  49. Biomechanics
    Are the Newtonian physics (things that can be replaced - joints)
  50. Pure risk is defined as
    the expectation of an event which will only produce a loss should it occur. Fire is an example of pure risk and is insurable
  51. Speculative risk is defined as
    The result of an event which will produce a gain or loss should it occur. A business venture is a speculative risk and is uninsurable
  52. OSHA VPP programs are: (3)
    Star, Merit, and Star Demostration 
  53. Delphi technique is the technique used when
    forecasts are presented in writing to a group leader, summaries returned to group leader, and a decision is reached without the group ever meeting
  54. The Pareto Principle of Maldistribution is the principle of
    “distinguishing the significant few from the trivial many (80/20 rule and bar charts)
  55. The Peter Principle describes
    employees rise to the highest level of incompetence
  56. Parkinson’s Law is
    work expands to fill the time available for its completion
  57. Autocratic is the most effective leadership style for
    emergencies (think military)
  58. Democratic leadership style
    involves the majority
  59. Free rein leadership style is a
    hands-off approach (independent workers)
  60. Situational leadership style
    depends on the conditions (choose from Autocratic, Democratic or Free rein)
  61. Inductive
    (specific to general) system analysis technique which identifies the manner in which failures occur and investigates their impact (catastrophic, critical, marginal, negligible)
  62. Deductive
    (general to specific) system safety technique that starts with an undesired event and analyses the way the undesired event can occur is known as fault tree analysis (this is not an incident analysis technique)
  63. Fail safe – passive
    Reduces the system to its lowest energy level.  The system will not allow equipment to continue to operate (circuit breaker, fuse, zero energy)
  64. Fail safe – active
    Maintains an energized condition in a safe mode until corrective or overriding action occurs to eliminate the possibility of an accident; actively engages a safety system upon detection of a fault condition (low voltage alarm on a smoke detector, emergency lights)
  65. Fail safe – operational
    allows the system to continue safely until corrective action is possible (feed water valve on a boiler), depends on the circumstances will either fail active or passive
  66. Law of Disuse
    Skill not used
  67. Law of Frequency
  68. Law of Recency
    Learned last
  69. Law of Readiness
    Value of training
  70. Law of Effect
  71. Law of Primacy
  72. Law of Intensity
  73. ASSE journal is 
    Professional Safety
  74. Official journal of the System Safety Society is 
    Journal of System Safety
  75. Official AIHA & ACGIH journal is 
    Journal of Occupational & Environmental Hygiene (JOEH) 
  76. Journal published by NFPA for professional fire fighters is 
    NFPA Journal
  77. Official journal of the Institute of Industrial Engineers (IIE) is
    Industrial Engineer
  78. The NSC monthly magazine is
    Safety and Health News
  79. Official journal of the Society of Fire Protection Engineers is 
    Journal of Fire Protection Engineering (their magazine is Fire Protection Engineering)
  80. The current membership organization of BCSP are:
  81. OSHA is the
    occupation safety and health administration. They set and enforce regulations to ensure the health and safety of workers
  82. NFPA is the
    National Fire Protection Association. They set standards in construction and maintenance of facilities to minimize fire risk. They publish the National Electric Code (NEC)
  83. NIOSH is the
    National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health. They are the research branch of the Centers for Disease and Control (CDC) examining occupational health
  84. ANSI is the
    American National Standards Institute. They set standards of practice in a wide variety of topics
  85. NFPA 13 standard for
    sprinkler systems
  86. NFPA 20 standard for
    stationary fire pumps
  87. NFPA 72 standard for
    fire alarms
  88. NFPA 101 is the
    life safety code
  89. ALARA is
    As Low As Reasonably Achievable
  90. TLV is
    Threshold Limit Value (set by the ACGIH)
  91. OEL is
    Occupational Exposure Limit 
  92. MPE is
    Maximum Permissible Exposure (often used for laser exposures)
  93. Ionizing detector senses smoke by
    ionizing smoke particles in the air, via radio active materials
  94. Photoelectric detector senses smoke when
    the smoke particles interfere with a beam of light 
  95. Heat detector senses
    a fire from the heat generated, fires must be well established before heat detector senses the flames 
  96. UV flame detector senses
    the UV light radiating from flames, detects specific wavelengths of light 
  97. Fixed temp sensors
    will alarm when a preset temp is reached 
  98. Rate-of-rise sensors
    respond to quick changes in temp 
  99. Flame detectors monitor
    specific wavelengths of light evaluating the presence of flames
  100. Electrical ground is
    an electrical connection between an object and ground
  101. Electrical bond is
    an electrical connection between two objects (containers when transferring flammable fluids)
  102. Sampling pump with an MCE filter is used to
    collect airborne particulate matter
  103. Sampling pump with a cyclone is used to collect
    respirable airborne particulate matter 
  104. Sampling pump with an impactor is used to collect
    airborne particulate matter
  105. Sampling pump with a charcoal tube is used to collect
    gases and vapors that adsorb to the charcoal. Commonly used for a variety of volatile organic compounds 
  106. HEPA filter protects against
    fine particulate matter 
  107. Activated carbon protects against
    most hydrocarbon vapors
  108. A filtering face piece protects against
    larger particulate matter
  109. Cyclones and scrubbers remove
    particulate matter from an airstream
  110. Oily water separator
    separates oil from water
  111. Clarifier
    removes heavy solids from waste water
  112. Management oversight and risk tree (MORT) looks at
    all events that might happen in a process and uses management processes to minimize risk 
  113. Simultaneous time events analysis events analysis
    evaluates a process by looking at all events happening simultaneously
  114. Failure modes and effect analysis (FMEA) looks at
    what will happen in a process when components fail in the process (i.e. how failure of each system component will affect the entire system). It starts with a failure and moves forward in time to the consequence
  115. Fault tree analysis
    starts with the event and moves backward in the process to look at all events sequences that may lead to the catastrophic events. A fault tree is created with the roots of the tree leading to the catastrophic event at the top. Uses Boolean logic to determine the probability of failure
  116. Hazard and operability (HAZOP) study
    identifies hazards and operability problems 
  117. What-if analysis is a
    loosely structure brainstorming exercise to identify situations that may cause system failure
  118. Carpal tunnel syndrome is an
    illness related to the carpal tunnel on the palm-side of the wrist
  119. A Ganglion Cyst is a
    bump that may show up at the joints or tendons in the hand 
  120. Trigger finger is a
    MSD characterized by the snapping jerky motions of the finger 
  121. DeQuervain’s disease is an
    inflammation of tendons at the base of the thumb 
  122. Raynaud’s syndrome (aka white finger)
    is caused by exposures to hand vibrations
  123. The maximum length of a dead-end corridor using a sprinkler protection is
  124. Wet Bulb (WB) is
    the temp of a thermometer with its bulb kept wet with a wick. Measure heat loss through evaporation
  125. Dry Bulb (DB) measure
    dry air temp
  126. Globe Temp (GT) measure
    temp by having its bulb kept in a globe painted flat black. Measure radiant energy
  127. Theory X assumes that workers
    do not really want to work  and that they must be externally motivated to work with a system of rewards and discipline 
  128. Theory Y assumes that workers
    are self-motivated an only need the proper tools and goals to achieve the desired result
  129. Theory Z assumes that work
    is best conducted in a group type setting
  130. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs - Self-actualization is
    the highest priority of persons who have already satisfied needs lower down on the hierarchy 
  131. Douglas McGregor is known for
    Theory X and Y management
  132. HW Heinrich is recognized as
    a pioneer in safety management. Focused on unsafe acts and unsafe conditions. Associated with the 3-Es: engineering; education; and enforcement
  133. Chris Argyris is known for
    Incongruency Theory
  134. Delicate work with the hands at a standing workstation should have the bench set
    2 to 4 inches above elbow height 
  135. Manual work using tools at a standing workstation should have the bench set
    4 to 6 inches below elbow height
  136. Work that requires the use of upper body strength at a standing workstation should have the bench set
    6 to 16 inches below elbow height
  137. Ebola is a
  138. Histoplasmosis is caused by a
  139. Legionella is a
  140. Hookworm is a
  141. Metals used as wood preservatives are
    Arsenic, Copper and Chromium are
  142. Arsenic is associated with
    skin and lung cancer 
  143. Asbestos is associated with
    lung cancer, asbestosis and mesothelioma
  144. Cadmium is associated with
    prostate and lung cancer 
  145. Hexavalent chromium is associated with
    lung cancer 
  146. Benzene is most strongly linked with
  147. Cotton dust exposure can cause
  148. Formaldehyde has been labeled as a
    known human carcinogen, linked nasal cancer
  149. Fundamental objectives of fire safety
    • Getting occupants out safely
    • Minimizing property loss for structures and contents
    • Minimizing interruption of operations
  150. Fredrick Herzberg is known for
    Motivation-Hygiene Theory