Card Set Information
Flashcards to prepare for the 1st Semester Exam
What are the 4 types of tissues?
Muscle, Connective, Nerve, Epithelial
What are the 4 functions of the skeletal system?
Protection, Storage, Movement, Blood Cell Formation
What are the 4 skeletal injuries?
Fracture, Sprain, Strain, Dislocation
What are the 5 functions of skin?
Keeps water in and foreign particles out, Has nerve endings for sense of feel, Regulates body temperature, Helps get rid of wastes, Melanin helps absorb harmful UV rays
A group of cells that work together to do a particular job-
An adult human has how many bones?
This part of the bone makes blood cells and stores fat-
When babies are born, their skeletons are mostly made of this.
This connective tissue holds bone to bone.
This type of muscle is voluntary.
Smooth muscles can be found here.
The passing on of characteristics from parents to offspring-
The study of heredity-
A characteristic that can be passed to offspring-
The idea that traits from both parents mix together-
A section of a chromosome that codes for a specific trait-
A distinctive form of a trait i.e. one letter by itself
The trait that covers up another-
The trait that is coverd up by another-
The 2-letter combination-
The physical expression of a trait-
A genotype where the 2 alleles are the same-
A genotype where the 2 alleles are different-
An Austrian monk who became known as the Father of Genetics
What did Gregor Mendel use in his first studies of genetics?
What are the three ways to figure out what is dominant?
1.The "Mr. Flynn said to memorize" rule
*Brown, Brown, Tall
2. Hybrid Rule
3. Having a (G) or a (g)
What genotype would you write to represent "Homozygous dominant" for height?
What is another word for Homozygous?
When particles are moved through a membrane from a region of high concentration to a region of low concentration, the process is called
Osmosis is the diffusion of this
Movement of particles will continue until this happens
Equal on both sides
The main difference between diffusion and the transports is
The only way to move particles from low concentration to high concentration is by this process.
Moving a large particle into a cell requires this process
The byproduct of fermentation that causes burning in muscles.
Oxygen is used to break down food molecules and release energy in a process called
What are the products of photosynthesis?
Glucose & Oxygen
What are the reactants of photosynthesis?
Water & Carbon Dioxide
What is the pigment in plants that captures light energy?
Cellular respiration occurs in this organelle.
If oxygen is not plentiful, animal cells can produce ATP by this process
The cell cycle ends when this occurs
What cells have the longest cell cycle?
Prokaryotic cells divide by this process
Chromosomes are made up of two of these
Humans have this many homologous chromosomes
Chromosomes are held together by this
These appear during the first phase of mitosis ("fishermen")
These are the "fishing lines" that come out and attach to the centromeres and pull the chromotids apart.
Two identical chromotids not attached to each other are called this
When the plasma or cell membrane pinches inward and splits the call into two new cells-
2 or more cells working together to do a particular job
2 or more tissues working together
Anything that can live on its own
Allows things in and out of the cell
Made of cellulose
Control center of cell
The smallest organelle in the cell
Delivery system within the cell
The cell's power plant
Packages and ships materials out of cell
Prokaryotic or Eukaryotic: No nucleus
Prokaryotic or Eukaryotic: Organelles with membranes
Prokaryotic or Eukaryotic: Bacteria
This person found the first cells by accident
What 3 statements make up the Cell theory?
1.All organisms are composed of one or more cells.
2.The cell is the basic unit of life in all living things.
3.All cells come from existing cells
What are the 3 similarities between all cells?
1.All cells have cell membranes
2.All cells have DNA
3.All cells have organelles
What 3 things are true of being multicellular?
1.They can get large
2.Their cells can specialize
3.The organism can live longer
DNA is located in the _______ and contains information for making ribosomes.
The nucleus stores this, the materials that make proteins.
Which organelle contains enzymes?
What is only found in plant cells?
Who discovered that animal tissue was made of cells?