Semester Exam

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Semester Exam
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2012-12-17 16:56:24
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Flashcards to prepare for the 1st Semester Exam
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  1. What are the 4 types of tissues?
    Muscle, Connective, Nerve, Epithelial
  2. What are the 4 functions of the skeletal system?
    Protection, Storage, Movement, Blood Cell Formation
  3. What are the 4 skeletal injuries?
    Fracture, Sprain, Strain, Dislocation
  4. What are the 5 functions of skin?
    Keeps water in and foreign particles out, Has nerve endings for sense of feel, Regulates body temperature, Helps get rid of wastes, Melanin helps absorb harmful UV rays
  5. A group of cells that work together to do a particular job-
    Tissue
  6. An adult human has how many bones?
    206
  7. This part of the bone makes blood cells and stores fat-
    Marrow
  8. When babies are born, their skeletons are mostly made of this.
    Cartilage
  9. This connective tissue holds bone to bone.
    Ligaments
  10. This type of muscle is voluntary.
    Skeletal
  11. Smooth muscles can be found here.
    Digestive Tract
  12. The passing on of characteristics from parents to offspring-
    Heredity
  13. The study of heredity-
    Genetics
  14. A characteristic that can be passed to offspring-
    Trait
  15. The idea that traits from both parents mix together-
    Blending
  16. A section of a chromosome that codes for a specific trait-
    Gene
  17. A distinctive form of a trait i.e. one letter by itself
    Allele
  18. The trait that covers up another-
    Dominant
  19. The trait that is coverd up by another-
    Recessive
  20. The 2-letter combination-
    Genotype
  21. The physical expression of a trait-
    Phenotype
  22. A genotype where the 2 alleles are the same-
    Homozygous
  23. A genotype where the 2 alleles are different-
    Heterozygous
  24. An Austrian monk who became known as the Father of Genetics
    Gregor Mendel
  25. What did Gregor Mendel use in his first studies of genetics?
    Pea Plants
  26. What are the three ways to figure out what is dominant?
    • 1.The "Mr. Flynn said to memorize" rule
    • *Brown, Brown, Tall
    • 2. Hybrid Rule
    • 3. Having a (G) or a (g)
  27. What genotype would you write to represent "Homozygous dominant" for height?
    TT
  28. What is another word for Homozygous?
    Pure
  29. When particles are moved through a membrane from a region of high concentration to a region of low concentration, the process is called
    Diffusion
  30. Osmosis is the diffusion of this
    Water
  31. Movement of particles will continue until this happens
    Equal on both sides
  32. The main difference between diffusion and the transports is
    Protein Doorways
  33. The only way to move particles from low concentration to high concentration is by this process.
    Active Transport
  34. Moving a large particle into a cell requires this process
    Endocytosis
  35. The byproduct of fermentation that causes burning in muscles.
    Lactic Acid
  36. Oxygen is used to break down food molecules and release energy in a process called
    Cellular Respiration
  37. What are the products of photosynthesis?
    Glucose & Oxygen
  38. What are the reactants of photosynthesis?
    Water & Carbon Dioxide
  39. What is the pigment in plants that captures light energy?
    Chlorophyll
  40. Cellular respiration occurs in this organelle.
    Mitochondria
  41. If oxygen is not plentiful, animal cells can produce ATP by this process
    Fermentation
  42. The cell cycle ends when this occurs
    Mitosis begins
  43. What cells have the longest cell cycle?
    Brain
  44. Prokaryotic cells divide by this process
    Binary Fission
  45. Chromosomes are made up of two of these
    Chromotids
  46. Humans have this many homologous chromosomes
    23 pair
  47. Chromosomes are held together by this
    Centromeres
  48. These appear during the first phase of mitosis ("fishermen")
    Centrioles
  49. These are the "fishing lines" that come out and attach to the centromeres and pull the chromotids apart.
    Spindle Fibers
  50. Two identical chromotids not attached to each other are called this
    Sisters
  51. When the plasma or cell membrane pinches inward and splits the call into two new cells-
    Cytokinesis
  52. 2 or more cells working together to do a particular job
    Tissues
  53. 2 or more tissues working together
    Organs
  54. Anything that can live on its own
    Organisms
  55. Allows things in and out of the cell
    Cell Membrane
  56. Made of cellulose
    Cell Wall
  57. Control center of cell
    Nucleus
  58. The smallest organelle in the cell
    Ribosomes
  59. Delivery system within the cell
    ER
  60. The cell's power plant
    Mitochondria
  61. Packages and ships materials out of cell
    Golgi Complex
  62. Prokaryotic or Eukaryotic: No nucleus
    Prokaryotic
  63. Prokaryotic or Eukaryotic: Organelles with membranes
    Eukaryotic
  64. Prokaryotic or Eukaryotic: Bacteria
    Prokayotic
  65. This person found the first cells by accident
    Hooke
  66. What 3 statements make up the Cell theory?
    • 1.All organisms are composed of one or more cells.
    • 2.The cell is the basic unit of life in all living things.
    • 3.All cells come from existing cells
  67. What are the 3 similarities between all cells?
    • 1.All cells have cell membranes
    • 2.All cells have DNA
    • 3.All cells have organelles
  68. What 3 things are true of being multicellular?
    • 1.They can get large
    • 2.Their cells can specialize
    • 3.The organism can live longer
  69. DNA is located in the _______ and contains information for making ribosomes.
    Nucleus
  70. The nucleus stores this, the materials that make proteins.
    Amino Acids
  71. Which organelle contains enzymes?
    Lysosomes
  72. What is only found in plant cells?
    Chloroplasts
  73. Who discovered that animal tissue was made of cells?
    Schwann

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