English Lit. Terms

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English Lit. Terms
2012-12-17 20:51:10
English Literary Terms

Final studying!
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  1. Anti-Hero/Anti-thesis
    complete opposite, contrast = balanced
  2. Aphorism
    general truth
  3. Apostrophe
    addresses something that doesn't respond (peom)
  4. Archetype
    type of character/story that can be found in all time periods
  5. Aside
    character speaks private words to another character/audience
  6. Assonance
    vowerl sounds
  7. Atmosphere/Mood
    feeling the reader feels NOT THE TONE OF THE AUTHOR!
  8. Audience
    the reader
  9. Ballad
    short story, levent, meant to be sang
  10. Bias
  11. Blank Verse
    iambic pentameter, unrhymed
  12. Cacophany
    harsh sounding, unpleasant word choice (dissonance)
  13. Caesura
    pause in line of poetry, marked by a comma
  14. Character Types
    • 1. Round
    • 2. Flat
    • 3. Dynamic
    • 4. Static
  15. Characterization
    Either direct or indirect
  16. Cliche
    Common, well known, overused
  17. Colloquial Speech
    words relating to that time, religion, or people
  18. Complications
    not a conflict, worsens the plot
  19. Conceit
    elaborated metaphor, like an extended metaphor
  20. Connotation
    what comes to mind when you think of the word
  21. Consonance
    repetitive consonance sounds
  22. Couplet
    pair of rhyming lines
  23. Denotation
    dictionary definition of a word
  24. Deus ex machina
    literally "God is the machine", an unconvincing/improbably plot resolver
  25. Dialect
    • accent, rhythm and speed a person speaks
    • - based on region, person, and time
  26. Diction/word choice
    • choice of words for audience
    • - depends on who audience is
  27. Dyspheonism
    unnecessarily offensive word in place of neutral term
  28. Elegy
    poem of meditation and lament
  29. Epic
    long narrative poem about hero, past to future
  30. Epigram
    witty saying or short poem, clever ending
  31. Epiphany
    great revelation moment
  32. Epistle
    letters written by apostles in bible; long formal letter that instructs
  33. Epithet
    characterizing word or phrase
  34. Ethos
    appeal to morals/ethics >>>>>>>>> persuasion
  35. Euphemism
    less offensive in place of neutral word
  36. Euphony
    smooth, pleasant language
  37. Explicit
    directly saying feelings
  38. Implicit
    implying feelings through satire, irony, etc.
  39. Extended metaphor
    entire poem dedicated to a single metaphor
  40. Extrapolation
    drawing a conclusion from facts
  41. Fable
    story that teaches moral/lesson
  42. Fig Lang
    nonliteral language, creates interst, humor
  43. Foil
    1 character that emphasizes the quality of main character by contrasting
  44. Foreshadowing
    implying future events
  45. Frame Story
    character tells little story (introductory narrative) where story is told
  46. Free Verse
    no restraints, stream of conscienceousness
  47. Heroic Couplet
    pair of iambic pentameter lines, 5 stressed 5 unstressed
  48. Hyperbole
    extreme exaggeration
  49. Iambic Pentameter
    • 5 stressed, 5 unstressed
    • meter = pattern of stressed/unstressed
    • foot = one stressed and one unstressed
  50. imagery
    vivid description
  51. Internal Rhyme
    word in middle of line rhymes with last word in line
  52. Irony
    contrast in expected and reality, surprising
  53. Kenning
    phrase replaces noun, riddle
  54. Logos
    appeals to logic
  55. Metric Feet
    combo of strong/weak stresses
  56. Monologue
    long speech, character isn't alone
  57. Soliloquy
    long formal speech, character alone, private thoughts
  58. Myth
    anonymous, traditional story, explains beliefs/traditions
  59. Narrative poem
    tells story at length
  60. Paradox
    contradiction that is untrue/ not possible
  61. Parallelism
    Consistent/identical syntax in sentences
  62. Parody
    exaggerated imitation of literary style/ individual work (humorous)
  63. Pastoral
    literature that focuses on a simple/idyllic way of life
  64. Pathos
    appeals to emotions
  65. Plot
    series of events in narrative (5 parts)
  66. Protagonist
    main character (not always "good" guy)
  67. Quatrain
    four-line stanza, no specifics of meter/rhyme/etc.
  68. Refrain
    group of words/line repeated throughout poem; typically the end
  69. Rhetorical Question
    Question asked for effect
  70. Romance
    Narrative form of fiction
  71. Satire
    ridicules human weakness, vice or folly
  72. Sonnet
    lyric poem of fourteen lines most often in iambic pentameter
  73. Stanza
    number of lines of verse forming a separate unit in a poem (similar to a paragraph), separated by blank lines
  74. Stock Character or Situation
    Character or situation quickly recognized and accepted by reader, no further description required
  75. Structure
    Framework of a poem as seen on the surface
  76. Style
    Way of expression inluding word choice, syntax, subject, and characterization
  77. Subplot
    secondary plot that may/may not impact with main plot
  78. Syllogism
    subtle, sophisticated or deceptive argument
  79. Synecdoche
    Whole is used to express a part or part used to express a whole (not literally)
  80. Syntax
    Pattern of words in sentence (word order)
  81. Tone
    Attitude/feelings of author expressed in work
  82. Understatement
    representation of something as less than it actually is
  83. Venacular/Informal
    plain, everyday, normal language
  84. Formal speech
    elevated in style, perfect grammar
  85. Voice/Language
    voice and word choice of paper