pyschology.txt

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Mastemine
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pyschology.txt
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2012-12-18 12:18:31
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pyschology final
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psychology final questions
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  1. Psychology.
    Scientific study of behavior that is tested through scientific research.
  2. Goals of Psychology.
    Describe, explain, predict, influence.
  3. Scientific Method.
    Question, hypothesis, experiment, result, conclusion, theory.
  4. Strucuralism.
    1879 in Leipzig Germany, self observation.
  5. Functionalism.
    Founded by William James in 1875, believed that everything served a function whic was survival.
  6. Gestalt Pyschology.
    Group of german pyschologist belived that perecption is more of a sum of its parts.
  7. Pyschoanalytic.
    Founded by Sigmund Freud, believed humans have primitve biological urges.
  8. Behavioral.
    Russian Ivan Pavlov, how organisms modify and respond to events in the enviroment.
  9. Humanistic.
    Work of Abraham Maslow, Carl Rogers, and Rollo May, believed that each person has freedom in directing his or her future.
  10. Cognitive.
    Jean Piaget, focused on how thought processes infulence our behavior.
  11. Pyschobiologists.
    Study the effects of drugs or try to explain behavior in terms of biological factors.
  12. Sociocultural.
    Influence on cultural and ethnic similarities and differences on behavior.
  13. Types of Samples.
    Population, represenative, nonrepresenative, random, stratified.
  14. Naturalistic Observation.
    Research method in which subject observed naturally
  15. Case Study.
    Intensive study of a person or group.
  16. Surveys.
    Consist of a large scale interview or questionare to quickly gather large sums of data.
  17. Longitudinal STtudy.
    Study that takes place over a single person throughout there entire life.
  18. Cross sectional studies.
    Organize individuals into groups on the basis of your age.
  19. Experimental Group.
    The group that has taken the test pill or substance.
  20. Control group.
    group that has been given a placebo or fake pill.
  21. hypothesis.
    educated guess on what you think that outcome will be.
  22. Single blind.
    only the participant is unaware if they got treatment or not.
  23. double blind.
    neither the participants or the experiments know which group is which.
  24. Placebo effect.
    change in the patients illness or physical state that results solely from the patients knowledge of the treatment.
  25. Maturation.
    Internally programmed growth.
  26. Parenting Styles.
    The way in which children seek independance and the ease with which they resolve conflicts about becoming adults.
  27. Adolescence.
    Childhood when you are just developing better understanding.
  28. Initiation Rites.
    Rites of passage, that mark admission into childhood.
  29. Puberty.
    Biological event that marks the end of childhood.
  30. Gender Identity.
    The sex group to which you physically belong.
  31. Gender Role.
    Set of behaviors that society considers appropriate.
  32. Gender Stereotype.
    oversimplified or distorted generalization about characteristics of a person.
  33. Altered state of consciousness.
    Person who is not completely aware is in a different level of consciousness.
  34. Sleep stages.
    stage i, stage ii, stage iii, stage iv deepest sleep disorders common, rem when dreams happen.
  35. Insomnia.
    Failure to get enough sleep at night in order to feel rested the next day.
  36. Sleep apnea.
    trouble breathing while asleep.
  37. narcolepsy.
    suddenly falling asleep or feeling very sleepy during the day.
  38. nightmares.
    unpleasent dreams occur in rem stage of sleep.
  39. night terrors.
    sleep disruptions that occur during stage iv of sleep and involve screaming, panic, confusion.
  40. sleepwalking.
    disorder that involves walking or carrying out behaviors while asleep.
  41. sleep talking.
    very common, all stages, noise, whole conversations.
  42. dream time/content.
    during rem-stage and usually has boring everyday tasks.
  43. hypnosis.
    state of consciousness resulting from a narrowed focus of attention.
  44. posthypnotic suggestion
    suggestion made during hypnosis that influences the persons behavior.
  45. biofeedback
    process of learning to control bodily functions
  46. meditation
    focus on a single thoguht with the goal of clearing ones mind
  47. opiates
    reduce pain, euphoric feelings.
  48. alcohol
    depressant that impairs movement and causes altered mood.
  49. lsd
    lysergic acid diethylamid, synthetic substance, taken through sugar cubes or strips of paper
  50. marujuana
    intoxicant among eastern culture
  51. anxiety disorder
    anxiety where a person fears the unknown or unforeseen.
  52. phobia
    severe anxiety focused on a particular object, animal activity, or situation that seems out of porporation to real dangers.
  53. panic
    feeling of sudden, helpless terror, such as overwhelming fright you might experience when cornered.
  54. obsessive compulsive disorder
    where someone has an uncontrollable pattern of thoughts which they keep repeating
  55. post traumatic stress disorder
    condition in which a person who has experienced a traumatic event recalls them.

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