Card Set Information
psychology final questions
Scientific study of behavior that is tested through scientific research.
Goals of Psychology.
Describe, explain, predict, influence.
Question, hypothesis, experiment, result, conclusion, theory.
1879 in Leipzig Germany, self observation.
Founded by William James in 1875, believed that everything served a function whic was survival.
Group of german pyschologist belived that perecption is more of a sum of its parts.
Founded by Sigmund Freud, believed humans have primitve biological urges.
Russian Ivan Pavlov, how organisms modify and respond to events in the enviroment.
Work of Abraham Maslow, Carl Rogers, and Rollo May, believed that each person has freedom in directing his or her future.
Jean Piaget, focused on how thought processes infulence our behavior.
Study the effects of drugs or try to explain behavior in terms of biological factors.
Influence on cultural and ethnic similarities and differences on behavior.
Types of Samples.
Population, represenative, nonrepresenative, random, stratified.
Research method in which subject observed naturally
Intensive study of a person or group.
Consist of a large scale interview or questionare to quickly gather large sums of data.
Study that takes place over a single person throughout there entire life.
Cross sectional studies.
Organize individuals into groups on the basis of your age.
The group that has taken the test pill or substance.
group that has been given a placebo or fake pill.
educated guess on what you think that outcome will be.
only the participant is unaware if they got treatment or not.
neither the participants or the experiments know which group is which.
change in the patients illness or physical state that results solely from the patients knowledge of the treatment.
Internally programmed growth.
The way in which children seek independance and the ease with which they resolve conflicts about becoming adults.
Childhood when you are just developing better understanding.
Rites of passage, that mark admission into childhood.
Biological event that marks the end of childhood.
The sex group to which you physically belong.
Set of behaviors that society considers appropriate.
oversimplified or distorted generalization about characteristics of a person.
Altered state of consciousness.
Person who is not completely aware is in a different level of consciousness.
stage i, stage ii, stage iii, stage iv deepest sleep disorders common, rem when dreams happen.
Failure to get enough sleep at night in order to feel rested the next day.
trouble breathing while asleep.
suddenly falling asleep or feeling very sleepy during the day.
unpleasent dreams occur in rem stage of sleep.
sleep disruptions that occur during stage iv of sleep and involve screaming, panic, confusion.
disorder that involves walking or carrying out behaviors while asleep.
very common, all stages, noise, whole conversations.
during rem-stage and usually has boring everyday tasks.
state of consciousness resulting from a narrowed focus of attention.
suggestion made during hypnosis that influences the persons behavior.
process of learning to control bodily functions
focus on a single thoguht with the goal of clearing ones mind
reduce pain, euphoric feelings.
depressant that impairs movement and causes altered mood.
lysergic acid diethylamid, synthetic substance, taken through sugar cubes or strips of paper
intoxicant among eastern culture
anxiety where a person fears the unknown or unforeseen.
severe anxiety focused on a particular object, animal activity, or situation that seems out of porporation to real dangers.
feeling of sudden, helpless terror, such as overwhelming fright you might experience when cornered.
obsessive compulsive disorder
where someone has an uncontrollable pattern of thoughts which they keep repeating
post traumatic stress disorder
condition in which a person who has experienced a traumatic event recalls them.