Card Set Information
Region or Reference, Example
The front; before
: The naval is on the anterior (ventral) surface of the trunk
The belly side (equivalent to anterior when referring to the human body)
The back; behind
: The shoulder blade is locted posterior (dorsal) to the rib cage.
The back (equivalent to posterior when referring to the human body)
Above; at a higher level (in the human body, toward the head)
: The nose is superior to the chin
Below; at a lower level
: The knees are inferior to the hips
Toward an attached base
: The thigh is proximal to the foot: moving proximally from the wrist brings you to the elbow.
away from an attached base
: the fingers are distal to the wrist: moving distally from the elbow brings you to the wrist.
toward the bodys longitudinal axis
: The medical surfaces of the thighs may be in contact: moving medially from the arm across the chest surface brings you to the sternum.
away from the bodys longitudinal axis
: The thigh articulates with the lateral surface of the pelvis; moving laterally from the nose brings you to the eyes.
farther from the body surface
: The bone of the thigh is deep to the surrounding skeletal muscles.
at, near, or relatively close to the body surface
: The scalp is superficial to the skull