SMHS Anatomy Final
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SMHS Anatomy Final
Study guide for SMHS Anatomy final
How many bones are in the Appendicular skeleton?
What bones make up the pectoral girdle?
What kind of curvature does the clavicle have?
In the general population, is the clavicle a commonly broken bone?
What bone is referred to as the shoulder blade?
The expanded end of the spine on the scapula that articulates with the clavicle is called what?
What is the depression that is inferior to the acromion process and articulates with the head of the humerus called?
What is the shoulder joint itself called?
What is the joint called where the clavicle meets the acromion of the scapula?
Acromioclavicular (AC) joint
What is the projection on the anterior surface of the scapula called?
How many bones are in each upper extremity?
What serves as an attatchment area for the deltoid muscle?
Where is teh deltoid tuberosity located?
Just above the body of the humerus
What is the rounded knob on the humerus that articulates with the head of the radius?
What is the depression in the humerus that receives the head of the radius when the forearm is flexed?
What is the surface of the humerus that articulates with the ulna?
What is the depression in the humerus that recieves part of the ulna when the forearm is flexed?
What is the depression located on the posterior surface of the humerus that receives the olecranon of the ulna when the forearm is extened?
The small anterior projection of the scapula which serves for muscle attatchment is called what?
The Coracoid Process
Where does the clavicle articulate with the scapula?
At the Acromion
Where is the point at which the pectoral girdle is attatched to the axial skeleton?
What is the proximal end of the ulna formally known as?
What else besides the olecranon of the ulna recevies the trochlea of the humerus?
Coronoid Process of Ulna
What is the curved area
the olecranon and and coronoid process of the ulna that receives the trochlea?
What is the depression on the ulna that receives the head of the radius?
What is the most distal end of the ulna called?
What is the lateral bone of the forearm?
What is the medial bone of the forearm?
What is the process on the radius that serves as a point of attatchment for the bicep and brachii muscles?
What is the most distal process of the radius called?
What process on the radius articulates with the ulna?
How many carpals do we have?
What bones form the palm of the hand?
How many phalangeal bones do we have in each hand?
Where exactly is a wedding ring worn?
The proximal phalanex of digit 4 of the hand
What bone is the olecranon process found on?
Two hip bones and coxal bones form what?
The Pelvic Girdle
Name the bones of each hip bone
What unites the two hipbones?
The pubic symphysis
What is the pubic symphysis made of?
Where do all 3 of the hipbones unite?
What does the acetabulum do?
Its a socket that receives head of the femur
Each coxal bone is formed by the fusion of __ bones.
Are lumbar vertebrae apart of the pelvis?
What is the measurement of the size of the inlet and the outlet of the birth canal called?
How many bones in each leg?
30. Same as the arms
What does the head of the femur articulate with?
The acetabulum of the coxal bone
What are hipbones formally known as?
What is the region of the femur just below the head called?
What part of the femur is commonly fractured in the elderly?
What makes up the distal end of the femur?
The Medial and Lateral Condyles
What projection on the femur articulates with the tibia?
What process on the tibia articulates with the fibula?
What do shin splints result from?
Inflammation of the periosteum
Tugging of muscles and tendons attatched to periosteum
What process on the tibia serves as a point of attatchment for patellar ligaments?
What does the medial malleolus articulate with?
The talus of the foot
What projection on what bone forms the medial bulge of the ankle?
Medial Malleolus of the Tibia
What process of what bone forms the lateral bulge of the ankle?
Lateral Malleolus of Fibula
How many talus bones are there?
Is the femur part of the pelvic girdle?
What is the only bone of the foot that articulates with the fibula and tibia?
What bone initially bears the entire weight of the body?
What is the heelbone called?
What is the largest and strongest bone of the foot?
How many arches is the foot arranged in?
What arch of the foot extends from the calcaneous to the distal ends of the metatarsals?
What arch of the foot is formed by the 3 cuneiform bones, navicular, cuboid, and proximal ends of the metatarsals?
What causes flat foot?
Weakness in ligaments and tendons of foot
Rusty Kuntz has a disorder in which his medial longitudinal arch is elevated. What does Rusty have?
Seymour Bush has a deforminity in his big toe. What is it called?
Decreased levels of estrogen can lead to osteoporosis. Which factors increase your chance of getting it?
Being White (Blacks don't get it as often)
Vitamin D Deficiency
Lack of Exercise
Alcohol/ Dieretics/ Cortizone/ Tetracycle
What does ERT stand for?
Estrogen Replacement Therapy
Howie Feltersnatch is bow legged. What disorder does he have and how did he get it?
He has rickets. Rickets is caused by a vitamin D deficiency in children
What is Paget's Disease?
Irregular thickening and softening of bones
What disorder results in lateral bending of the vertebral column?
What disorder is a hunch-back have?
What is the disorder that results in an exagerated lumbaric curve?
What is Spina Bifida?
A congenital defect of the vertebral column in which the laminae fail to unite at the midline
What bone provides lateral stability to the ankle?
What is the Hallux?
What is the pollex?