SMHS Anatomy Final

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Gueza
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190114
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SMHS Anatomy Final
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2012-12-18 18:57:47
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Study guide for SMHS Anatomy final
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  1. How many bones are in the Appendicular skeleton?
    126
  2. What bones make up the pectoral girdle?
    • Scapula
    • Clavicle
  3. What kind of curvature does the clavicle have?
    Double Curvature
  4. In the general population, is the clavicle a commonly broken bone?
    Yeth
  5. What bone is referred to as the shoulder blade?
    Scapula
  6. The expanded end of the spine on the scapula that articulates with the clavicle is called what?
    Acromion 
  7. What is the depression that is inferior to the acromion process and articulates with the head of the humerus called?
    Glenoid Cavity
  8. What is the shoulder joint itself called?
    Glenohumeral joint
  9. What is the joint called where the clavicle meets the acromion of the scapula?
    Acromioclavicular (AC) joint
  10. What is the projection on the anterior surface of the scapula called?
    Coracoid Process
  11. How many bones are in each upper extremity?
    30
  12. What serves as an attatchment area for the deltoid muscle?
    Deltoid Tuberosity 
  13. Where is teh deltoid tuberosity located?
    Just above the body of the humerus
  14. What is the rounded knob on the humerus that articulates with the head of the radius?
    Capitulum
  15. What is the depression in the humerus that receives the head of the radius when the forearm is flexed?
    Radial Fossa
  16. What is the surface of the humerus that articulates with the ulna?
    Trochlea
  17. What is the depression in the humerus that recieves part of the ulna when the forearm is flexed?
    Coronoid Fossa
  18. What is the depression located on the posterior surface of the humerus that receives the olecranon of the ulna when the forearm is extened? 
    Olecranon Fossa
  19. The small anterior projection of the scapula which serves for muscle attatchment is called what?
    The Coracoid Process
  20. Where does the clavicle articulate with the scapula?
    At the Acromion
  21. Where is the point at which the pectoral girdle is attatched to the axial skeleton?
    Sternoclavicular Joint
  22. What is the proximal end of the ulna formally known as?
    Olecranon
  23. What else besides the olecranon of the ulna recevies the trochlea of the humerus?
    Coronoid Process of Ulna
  24. What is the curved area between the olecranon and and coronoid process of the ulna that receives the trochlea?
    Trochlear Notch
  25. What is the depression on the ulna that receives the head of the radius?
    Radial notch
  26. What is the most distal end of the ulna called?
    Styloid Process
  27. What is the lateral bone of the forearm?
    Radius
  28. What is the medial bone of the forearm?
    Ulna
  29. What is the process on the radius that serves as a point of attatchment for the bicep and brachii muscles?
    Radial Tuberosity
  30. What is the most distal process of the radius called?
    Styloid Process
  31. What process on the radius articulates with the ulna?
    ulnar notch
  32. How many carpals do we have?
  33. What bones form the palm of the hand?
    Metacarpals
  34. How many phalangeal bones do we have in each hand?
    14
  35. Where exactly is a wedding ring worn?
    The proximal phalanex of digit 4 of the hand
  36. What bone is the olecranon process found on?
    Ulna
  37. Two hip bones and coxal bones form what?
    The Pelvic Girdle
  38. Name the bones of each hip bone
    • Ischium
    • Pubis
    • Ilium
  39. What unites the two hipbones?
    The pubic symphysis
  40. What is the pubic symphysis made of?
    Fibrocartilage
  41. Where do all 3 of the hipbones unite?
    The acetabulum
  42. What does the acetabulum do?
    Its a socket that receives head of the femur
  43. Each coxal bone is formed by the fusion of __ bones.
    3
  44. Are lumbar vertebrae apart of the pelvis?
    NO
  45. What is the measurement of the size of the inlet and the outlet of the birth canal called?
    Pelvimetry
  46. How many bones in each leg?
    30. Same as the arms
  47. What does the head of the femur articulate with?
    The acetabulum of the coxal bone
  48. What are hipbones formally known as?
    Coxal Bones
  49. What is the region of the femur just below the head called?
    The neck
  50. What part of the femur is commonly fractured in the elderly?
    The neck
  51. What makes up the distal end of the femur?
    The Medial and Lateral Condyles
  52. What projection on the femur articulates with the tibia?
    Lateral Condyles 
  53. What process on the tibia articulates with the fibula?
    Fibular Notch
  54. What do shin splints result from?
    • Inflammation of the periosteum
    • Tugging of muscles and tendons attatched to periosteum
  55. What process on the tibia serves as a point of attatchment for patellar ligaments?
    Tibial Tuberosity
  56. What does the medial malleolus articulate with?
    The talus of the foot
  57. What projection on what bone forms the medial bulge of the ankle?
    Medial Malleolus of the Tibia
  58. What process of what bone forms the lateral bulge of the ankle?
    Lateral Malleolus of Fibula
  59. How many talus bones are there?
    7
  60. Is the femur part of the pelvic girdle?
    NO
  61. What is the only bone of the foot that articulates with the fibula and tibia?
    Talus
  62. What bone initially bears the entire weight of the body?
    Talus
  63. What is the heelbone called?
    Calcaneous
  64. What is the largest and strongest bone of the foot?
    Calcaneous
  65. How many arches is the foot arranged in?
    • 2
    • Longitudinal
    • Transverse
  66. What arch of the foot extends from the calcaneous to the distal ends of the metatarsals?
    Longitudinal
  67. What arch of the foot is formed by the 3 cuneiform bones, navicular, cuboid, and proximal ends of the metatarsals?
    Transverse
  68. What causes flat foot?
    Weakness in ligaments and tendons of foot
  69. Rusty Kuntz has a disorder in which his medial longitudinal arch is elevated. What does Rusty have?
    Claw foot
  70. Seymour Bush has a deforminity in his big toe. What is it called?
    A bunion
  71. Decreased levels of estrogen can lead to osteoporosis. Which factors increase your chance of getting it?
    • Being White (Blacks don't get it as often)
    • Smoking
    • Calcium Deficiency
    • Vitamin D Deficiency
    • Lack of Exercise 
    • Alcohol/ Dieretics/ Cortizone/ Tetracycle
  72. What does ERT stand for?
    Estrogen Replacement Therapy
  73. Howie Feltersnatch is bow legged. What disorder does he have and how did he get it?
    He has rickets. Rickets is caused by a vitamin D deficiency in children 
  74. What is Paget's Disease?
    Irregular thickening and softening of bones
  75. What disorder results in lateral bending of the vertebral column?
    Scoliosis
  76. What disorder is a hunch-back have?
    Kyphosis
  77. What is the disorder that results in an exagerated lumbaric curve?
    Lordosis
  78. What is Spina Bifida?
    A congenital defect of the vertebral column  in which the laminae fail to unite at the midline
  79. What bone provides lateral stability to the ankle?
    The fibula
  80. What is the Hallux?
    Big toe
  81. What is the pollex?
    The Thumb

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