Ethics final exam

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eddiehavrilla
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Ethics final exam
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2012-12-18 18:58:10
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Ethics Final Exam
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  1. Passions, according to Hume, are

    A. Representational
    B. Susceptible to truth or falsehood
    C. The slave of reason
    D. Original existences
    D. Original existences
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. Which of the following is a way in which reason can have an influence on our conduct, according to Hume?

    A. Directing our passion by informing us of the existence of something which is the proper object of it
    B.Restraining our passions when they conflict with the obligations of morality.
    C.Telling us the nature of good and bad
    d.None of the above
    A. Directing our passion by informing us of the existence of something which is the proper object of it
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. Right and wrong is a relationship between objects which can be understood by reason

    a. True
    b. False
    b. False
  4. In what way is the immorality of an action a matter of fact, according to Hume?

    A. Immoral actions are inconsistent with our nature as rational human beings.
    B. Immoral actions cause in us a sentiment of disapprobation
    C. Immoral actions cause physical and/or psychological harm to others
    D. Immoral actions can contain a property of "vice" which we can detect
    B. Immoral actions cause in us a sentiment of disapprobation
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. Hume expresses a concern about moralists who

    A. Attempt to derive an 'is' from and 'ought'
    B. Deny the validity of 'ought' statements from claims about God
    C. Attempt to derive an 'ought' from an 'is'
    D. Attempt to derive ''ought' statements from claims about God
    C. Attempt to derive an 'ought' from an 'is'
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. Human beings are, according to Hume

    A. Naturally selfish in a way that utterly precludes caring about others
    B.Naturally selfless and care only for the interests of society as a whole
    C. Naturally selfish but also somewhat generous
    d. None of the above
    C. Naturally selfish but also somewhat generous
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. In moving from a solitary state to a social one, Hume says, people

    A. Become less free overall
    B. Put themselves in danger of tyranny
    C. Increase their ability to satisfy their wants
    D.Act contrary to their best interest
    C. Increase their ability to satisfy their wants
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. Justice, according to Hume, comes about by means of

    A. An explicit promise
    B. A social contract
    C. The natural sentiments of human nature
    D. A convention
    D. A convention
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. According to Hume, disputes arise over external possessions because those possessions exhibit which of the following qualities?

    A. Permanence
    B. Costliness
    C. Extravagence
    D. Scarcity
    D. Scarcity
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. Hume holds that the virtue of justice is

    a. Natural
    b. Artificial
    b. Artificial 
  11. "if you want to graduate from Usd, then you ought to pass your Ethics course" is an example of 

    A. A subjective principle of volition
    B. A maxim
    C. A hypothetical imperative
    D. A categorical imperative
    C. A hypothetical imperative
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. Kant believes that moral laws must be discovered

    A. A priori
    B. Empirically
    C. A posteriori
    D. Inductively
    A. A priori
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. Kant's second formulation of the categorical imperative says that we should act so as to treat the humanity in others always as a _________ and never as a __________.
    ends/means
  14. Telling a false promise is wrong, according to Kant, because if everyone did it the consequences would be very bad.

    a. True
    b. False
    b. False
  15. Kant thinks that in order for an action to have moral worth it must

    A. Be done in accordance with duty
    B. Be done from the motive of duty
    C. Be done out of self-love
    D. Be done contrary to duty
    B. Be done from the motive of duty
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. Pleasure and freedom from pain is, according to Mill,

    A. The only desireable end
    B. Not desirable at all
    C. One desirable end among many
    D. Desirable only in certain limited circumstances
    A. The only desirable end
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. Mill associates higher quality pleasures with

    A. Political pleasures
    B. Religious pleasures
    C. Mental pleasures
    D. Bodily pleasures
    C. Mental pleasures
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. It is, according to Mill, better to be __________ than __________.

    A. A dissatisfied Socrates/ dissatisfied fool
    B. A satisfied fool/dissatisfied Socrates
    C. A dissatisfied Socrates/ satisfied fool
    D. A satisfied Socrates/ satisfied fool
    C. A dissatisfied Socrates/ satisfied fool
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. What makes an action right according to utilitarianism is its tendency to promote

    A. The happiness of all persons affected by the action
    B. The Glory of God
    C. The agent's own happiness
    D. The happiness of those who are close to the agent
    A. The happiness of all persons affected by the action
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. Which of the following is not, according to Mill, one of the main constituents of a satisfied life?

    A. Tranquility
    B. Excitement
    C. Achievement
    d. All of the above are constituents of a satisfied life, according to Mill
    C. Achievement
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. According to Hobbes, what is the connection between happiness (felicity) and power?

    A. Power corrupts the sould, thus undermining our ability to be happy.
    B. We always need more power, no matter how satisfied we are with that we have.
    C. Some power is good, but once we have obtained the material possessions we desire, no more is needed.
    d. None of the above
    B. We always need more power, no matter how satisfied we are with what we have. 
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. Hobbes believe that the more equality we find among individuals, the less likely they are to use violence against each other

    a. True
    b. False
    b. False
  23. Hobbes believes that men are

    A. Unequal enough in mental and bodily powers that some men are naturally fitted to rule over others with ease
    B. All exactly the same in terms of mental and bodily powers
    C. Equal enough in mental and bodily powers that no one can rule over others with ease.
    D. Equal in bodily powers, but unequal in mental powers
    C. Equal enough in mental and bodily powers that no one can rule over others with ease
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. Which of the following does Hobbes believe to be among the primary causes of violence among individuals?

    A. Ethnic differences
    B. Diffidence
    C. Religious Belief
    D. Spite
    e. None of the above
    B. Diffidence
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. Which of the following does not characterize the state of war, according to Hobbes?

    A. Fear
    B. Violence
    C. Lack of industry
    D. Injustice
    e. All of the above characterize the state of war
    D. Injustice
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. Which of the following does aristotle claim to be the 'master' art?

    A. Politics
    B. Philosophy
    C. Poetry
    D. Sculpture
    A. Politics
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. Verbally, according to Aristotle, there is general agreement on the highest of all goods achievable by action.  It is:

    A. Justice
    B. Peace
    C. Hapiness
    D. Salvation
    C. Happiness
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. According to Aristotle, wealth is (in my words, not his)

    A. Instrumentally valuable
    B. Both intrinsically and instrumentally valuable
    C. Neither intrinsically nor instrumentally valuable
    D. Intrinsically valuable
    A. Instrumentally valuable
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. According to Aristotle, the function of man is best understood in terms of his

    A. Living
    B. Rationality
    C. Appetite
    D. Propagating
    B. Rationality
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. Aristotle believes that a happy life requires sufficient external goods.

    a. True
    b. Fales
    a. True
  31. Which of the following is a cleare example of an involuntary action, according to Aristotle's definition?

    a. The beating of one's heart
    b. Taking a job one really doesn't like in order to avoid starvation
    d. Slapping a person in the face who is actually the twin brother of the person you intend to be slapping
    d. Taking a Core Curriculum course that is required in order to graduate
    c. Slapping a person in the face who is actually the twin brother of the person you intend to be slapping
  32. Which of the following is an example of a forced action, according to Aristotle's definition?

    A. Handing over one's wallet to a mugger at gunpoint
    B. Falling into another person as a result of being shoved
    C. Slapping a person in the face who is actually the twin brother of the person you intend to be slapping
    D. The reflexive kicking of one's leg at the doctor's office
    B. Falling into another person as a result of being shoved
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. If a man does an evil act because he is wicked and does not know what is good, does this generally make his act involuntary?

    a. Yes
    b. No
    a. Yes
  34. Which of the following is the proper subject of rational delibereation, according to Aristotle?

    A. Ends and means
    B. Neither ends nor means
    C. Ends
    D. Means
    D. Means
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. According to Aristotle, could it ever be the case that it is beyone our power to become viruous?

    a. Yes 
    b. No
    a. Yes

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