APUSH Fall Semester Practice Test
Card Set Information
APUSH Fall Semester Practice Test
men, srs pls
Why was Queen Liliuokalani removed from power in Hawaii?
She felt the Hawaiins should have a democratic government and was overthrown by planters led by Sanford Dole.
Why was the Teller Amendment added to the declaration of war against Spain in 1898?
To guarantee that Cuba
would be granted independence after the war
What was the significance of Valeriano Weyler and Emilio Aguinaldo in the Spanish American War?
Weyler was the Spanish general that tortured Cubans;
Aguinaldo was the Filipino nationalist who aided the U.S. in the SPAM War
Why was Hawaii annexed by the United States in 1898?
Because of its strategic importance in the SPAM War
What did the Supreme Court rule in the insular cases?
The Constitution does not follow the flag
What did the Platt Amendment do?
Gave the U.S. the right of intervention in Cuba and the
naval base at Guantanamo
What did the Foraker Act do?
Gave Puerto Rico self-government and delayed citizenship
What territories did the United States acquire in the 1898
Treaty of Paris with Spain?
Puerto Rico, Guam, The Philippines, Cuba (temporarily)
Why did guerilla warfare break out in the Philippines in
Because the Philippines were not granted independence
What was the cause of the Boxer Rebellion and what was the
U.S. response to it?
It was an attack against foreigners and their influence in
China. It was an attack against foreigners and their influence in
What usually provoked U.S. intervention in Latin American
countries at the turn of the 19th century and how did it impact
U.S.-Latin American relations?
Debt defaults by Latin American countries to European bands
It gave the U.S. a reputation of a “bad neighbor” to Latin
How did the Roosevelt Corollary change the Monroe Doctrine
and what role did it give the U.S. in the Caribbean?
It added a policy of “preventive intervention” and gave the
U.S. a role as an “international policeman”
What was the purpose of the Portsmouth Conference in 1905?
TR negotiated a treaty between Russia and Japan ending the
What were the terms of the “Gentlemen’s Agreement”?
CA agreed to allow Japanese American students to return to
school and Japan agreed to prohibit manual workers from immigrating to the U.S.
What was the purpose of the Open Door policy?
To open China’s markets to the U.S.
What was Cuba’s political status before the Spanish American
What was President Roosevelt’s role in the Panama
He worked with a French official to organize the revolution
then asked Congress to send troops
What was the ruling in Plessy v. Ferguson?
Segregation was constitutional (separate but equal doctrine)
What happened to the volume and price for agricultural goods
after the Civil War?
Volume increased, prices decreased
What was the purpose behind the Dawes Severalty Act?
Assimilation of Native Americans
What was the purpose of the “Granger Laws”?
State regulation of the railroads
What was the major issue in the election of 1896?
Coinage of silver versus the gold standard
How did Booker T. Washington and W. E. B. DuBois differ in
their efforts to gain equality for African-Americans?
Washington believed in “accommodation”; DuBois believed in
What was new and different about the “New Immigrants” in the
late 19th century?
They were from Southern and Easter Europe
What strategies did Southern states use to deny blacks their
Poll taxes, literacy test, Black Codes, Intimidation,
What movement criticized the accumulation of wealth in the
Gilded Age and promoted the role of churches in aiding the poor?
Who wrote Common Sense?
Who said “we shall be as a city upon a hill”?
Who vetoed a recharter for the Bank of the United States because
he thought it was unconstitutional?
What document identifies “unalienable rights”?
Declaration of Independence
Who said “the duty of the man of wealth: …to consider all
surplus revenues which come to him simply as trust funds”?
Andrew Carnegie (Gospel
In what era was the Mormon Church founded?
Second Great Awakening
What early colony suffered and almost ended because its
settlers were more interested in finding gold than making provisions for
What economic policy did England’s Navigation Acts support?
What was the first attempt at colonial unity?
Albany Plan of Union, 1754
Were there more families in the Massachusetts Bay Colony or in the Chesapeake Colony?
What was the platform of the Know-Nothing Party?
What three senators debated in the Senate for the last time over the Compromise of 1850?
Calhoun, Webster, Clay
Which president tried to expand the United States by scheming to acquire Cuba?
What reform movement was Sojourner Truth involved in?
Abolition and Women’s Suffrage
What movement led to Americans questioning the authority of the British in the early 18
The First Great Awakening
What federal agency provided newly freed African-Americans with food, clothing and education?
What amendment extended citizenship to all persons born in the United States?
Who was the first African-American elected to Congress?
Who said Southern states could be readmitted to the Union after 10% of voters who had voted in 1860 had taken an oath of allegiance to the U.S.?
What disputed presidential election was resolved by a compromise promising the removal of federal troops from the South?
During Reconstruction, what group in Congress most supported rights for African-Americans?
What was the most famous scandal of President Grant’s administration?
Who originated the idea of a “single tax”?
What 1844 campaign slogan symbolized the spirit of Manifest Destiny?
54-40 or Fight
Which antebellum Senator can be described as both a war hawk and a great compromiser?
What system emerged in the South to provide both planters and former slaves with their needs for labor and land?
Which president’s name is used to describe an age where both nationalism and sectionalism were rising?
What constitutional debate is established by the 10
Who developed a financial plan for the United States that included an excise tax, a central bank, assumption of sate debts and funding of the national debt?
What principle was established in
McCulloch v. Maryland
States cannot tax the federal government and the BUS was constitutional
What constitutionally questionable laws were passed during John Adams’ administration?
Alien and Sedition Acts
What principle was established in
Marbury v. Madison
What was the ruling in
Worcester v. Georgia
Georgia could not relocate the Cherokee Indians
What economic activities were favored by the Hamiltonian Federalists?
Commercial and industrial activities
What third party managed to win 22 electoral votes in the election of 1892?
The Peoples’ Party (Populists)
What colony was settled by the Dutch?
What colony was established by England as a penal colony for debtors?
What colony was established as a haven for Catholics?
What nation established a colony in present-day Canada?
What impact did European colonization have on the native population of the Western Hemisphere?
The native population was killed or driven away by Europeans
What was unique about the colony established by Roger Williams?
Complete religious freedom for all settlers
What colony is associated with John Winthrop?
What did the Declaratory Act state?
Only Parliament could rule the colonies
What country gave the U.S. the greatest aid during the American Revolution?
What issue delayed the ratification of the Articles of Confederation?
Land holdings by large states in the Northwest Territory
What is the historical significance of Shays’ Rebellion?
It convinced many people to support a strong central government
What was the only part of the federal government elected directly by the people in the original Constitution?
House of Representatives
What compromise was made at the Constitutional Convention regarding the election of the President?
Electoral College would elect the President
What did the Anti-Federalists insist be added to the Constitution?
Bill of Rights
What were the most significant events in George Washington’s administration?
Whiskey Rebellion, development of political parties, Neutrality Proclamation, warning against entangling alliances, Jay’s Treaty
What was the purpose of the Alien and Sedition Acts during John Adam’s presidency?
To punish Republican newspaper publishers and weaken support for the Republicans
What were the effects of the War of 1812?
Nationalism and the development of industry
What were the major events in Andrew Jackson’s presidency?
Bank War, Rise of the Whig Party, Trail of Tears, Peggy Eaton affair, nullification crisis, Maysville Road Veto
What European philosophers had the greatest influence on the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution?
John Locke, Montesquieu
Who benefitted and who was hurt by the opening of the Erie Canal?
Benefitted: farmers in Ohio, Michigan, Indiana and Illinois; Harmed: New England farmers
What role did women play in the reform movements of the early 19
A prominent role in the abolitionist movement
What were the major events in President Polk’s administration?
Manifest Destiny, Oregon Territory, War with Mexico
How did “popular sovereignty” propose to solve the question of the expansion of slavery?
Allowed residents of a state to vote for or against slavery
What was the Kansas-Nebraska Act and what were the consequences of it?
Divided the Nebraska Territory into two territories where popular sovereignty would determine the status of slavery. Kansas became a battleground (Bleeding Kansas).
What was the ruling in the
Slaves were property and could be moved into free territory and remain slaves Congress could not ban slavery; the Missouri Compromise was unconstitutional Dred Scott was not a citizen
What antebellum political party condemned slavery because they felt it was harmful for wage labor?
Free Soil Party
Who attacked Harper’s Ferry as part of a plan to create a slave rebellion?
What two Civil War battles in July of 1863 marked the beginning of the end for the South?
When did the South loose hope of foreign aid in the Civil War?
After the Emancipation Proclamation
What group controlled federal reconstruction policies after the Civil War?
With the purchase of Louisiana, how did Thomas Jefferson change his position on the Constitution?
He became a loose constructionist
What event in 1820 maintained the balance of power between free states and slave states?
In what era did the skyscraper appear?
Gilded Age (urbanization)
What event in 1680 stopped the expansion of the Spanish near Santa Fe, New Mexico?
Which ante-bellum presidents are known for adding territory to the United States?
Jefferson, Jackson, Polk
What is the name for political organizations that are known for their political corruption and graft?
What was the largest acquisition of territory by the United States?
What industry was the first to industrialize in the U.S.?
What was the purpose behind
The Federalist Papers
Present arguments in favor of the ratification of the Constitution
What faction of the Republican Party in the 1870s claimed to support civil service reform?
What cause did the assassination of President Garfield rally support for?
Civil Service Reform
What type of monopoly created a single company that controlled the raw materials, distribution and means of production within a single industry?
What is the name for the late nineteenth century belief that the wealthy were morally obligated to use their wealth for the improvement of society?
Gospel of Wealth
Which labor strike marked the first time a U.S. president ordered federal troops to end a strike?
Railroad Strike in 1877
What colony is associated with the Mayflower Compact?
What colony used the “headright system” to increase the population and work force?
What colonies were known for their ethnically mixed populations?
The Middle Colonies: NY, PA, NJ, DE
Who led indentured servants in a rebellion in Virginia in 1676?
What event ended French claims to territory in the New World?
French and Indian War (1763 Treaty of Paris)
What event in 1763 led to the British prohibition of American settlement west of the Appalachians?
Pontiac’s Rebellion (Proclamation of 1763)
What put a practical end to the period of salutary neglect?
The British victory in the French and Indian War
What was the first law passed by Parliament after the French and Indian War that was intended primarily to raise revenue for Great Britain?
What interpretation of the Constitution was favored by the rulings of the Marshall Court?
Loose interpretation (strong federal government, weak state governments)
What part of the U.S. opposed and, at times, undermined the American war effort in the War of 1812?
New England (Federalist Party)
What did the Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions and the
South Carolina Exposition
have in common?
Theory of Nullification
What economic activity did Thomas Jefferson favor and support?
What famous American had a profound impact on the independence movement in India?
Henry David Thoreau
Who delivered the sermon titled “Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God”?
Who said “give me liberty, or give me death” and what was the occasion?
Patrick Henry, Stamp Act Congress
What did Abigail Adams advise her husband to remember when he was at the Constitutional Convention?
“remember the ladies”
What was the name of the first legislative body convened in Virginia colony?
House of Burgesses
What act, passed in 1765, created a storm of protest in the colonies and was eventually repealed by Parliament?
What political party emerged primarily as opposition to Andrew Jackson and ended because of the slavery debate in the 1850s?