APUSH Fall Semester Practice Test

Card Set Information

APUSH Fall Semester Practice Test
2012-12-18 22:22:38
pls men

men, srs pls
Show Answers:

  1. Why was Queen Liliuokalani removed from power in Hawaii?
    She felt the Hawaiins should have a democratic government and was overthrown by planters led by Sanford Dole.
  2. Why was the Teller Amendment added to the declaration of war against Spain in 1898?
    • To guarantee that Cuba
    • would be granted independence after the war
  3. What was the significance of Valeriano Weyler and Emilio Aguinaldo in the Spanish American War?
    • Weyler was the Spanish general that tortured Cubans;
    • Aguinaldo was the Filipino nationalist who aided the U.S. in the SPAM War
  4. Why was Hawaii annexed by the United States in 1898?
    Because of its strategic importance in the SPAM War
  5. What did the Supreme Court rule in the insular cases?
    The Constitution does not follow the flag
  6. What did the Platt Amendment do?
    • Gave the U.S. the right of intervention in Cuba and the
    • naval base at Guantanamo
  7. What did the Foraker Act do?
    Gave Puerto Rico self-government and delayed citizenship
  8. What territories did the United States acquire in the 1898
    Treaty of Paris with Spain?
    Puerto Rico, Guam, The Philippines, Cuba (temporarily)
  9. Why did guerilla warfare break out in the Philippines in
    Because the Philippines were not granted independence
  10. What was the cause of the Boxer Rebellion and what was the
    U.S. response to it?
    • It was an attack against foreigners and their influence in
    • China. It was an attack against foreigners and their influence in
    • China.
  11. What usually provoked U.S. intervention in Latin American
    countries at the turn of the 19th century and how did it impact
    U.S.-Latin American relations?
    • Debt defaults by Latin American countries to European bands
    • It gave the U.S. a reputation of a “bad neighbor” to Latin
    • America
  12. How did the Roosevelt Corollary change the Monroe Doctrine
    and what role did it give the U.S. in the Caribbean?
    • It added a policy of “preventive intervention” and gave the
    • U.S. a role as an “international policeman”
  13. What was the purpose of the Portsmouth Conference in 1905?
    • TR negotiated a treaty between Russia and Japan ending the
    • Russo-Japanese war
  14. What were the terms of the “Gentlemen’s Agreement”?
    • CA agreed to allow Japanese American students to return to
    • school and Japan agreed to prohibit manual workers from immigrating to the U.S.
  15. What was the purpose of the Open Door policy?
    To open China’s markets to the U.S.
  16. What was Cuba’s political status before the Spanish American
    Spanish colony
  17. What was President Roosevelt’s role in the Panama
    • He worked with a French official to organize the revolution
    • then asked Congress to send troops
  18. What was the ruling in Plessy v. Ferguson?
    Segregation was constitutional (separate but equal doctrine)
  19. What happened to the volume and price for agricultural goods
    after the Civil War?
    Volume increased, prices decreased
  20. What was the purpose behind the Dawes Severalty Act?
    Assimilation of Native Americans
  21. What was the purpose of the “Granger Laws”?
    State regulation of the railroads
  22. What was the major issue in the election of 1896?
    Coinage of silver versus the gold standard
  23. How did Booker T. Washington and W. E. B. DuBois differ in
    their efforts to gain equality for African-Americans?
    • Washington believed in “accommodation”; DuBois believed in
    • immediate equality
  24. What was new and different about the “New Immigrants” in the
    late 19th century?
    They were from Southern and Easter Europe
  25. What strategies did Southern states use to deny blacks their
    civil rights?
    • Poll taxes, literacy test, Black Codes, Intimidation,
    • Grandfather Clauses
  26. What movement criticized the accumulation of wealth in the
    Gilded Age and promoted the role of churches in aiding the poor?
    Social Gospel
  27. Who wrote Common Sense?
    Thomas Paine
  28. Who said “we shall be as a city upon a hill”?
    John Winthrop
  29. Who vetoed a recharter for the Bank of the United States because
    he thought it was unconstitutional?
    Andrew Jackson
  30. What document identifies “unalienable rights”?
    Declaration of Independence
  31. Who said “the duty of the man of wealth: …to consider all
    surplus revenues which come to him simply as trust funds”?
    • Andrew Carnegie (Gospel
    • of Wealth)
  32. In what era was the Mormon Church founded?
    Second Great Awakening
  33. What early colony suffered and almost ended because its
    settlers were more interested in finding gold than making provisions for
  34. What economic policy did England’s Navigation Acts support?
  35. What was the first attempt at colonial unity?
    Albany Plan of Union, 1754
  36. Were there more families in the Massachusetts Bay Colony or in the Chesapeake Colony?
  37. What was the platform of the Know-Nothing Party?
  38. What three senators debated in the Senate for the last time over the Compromise of 1850?
    Calhoun, Webster, Clay
  39. Which president tried to expand the United States by scheming to acquire Cuba?
    Franklin Pierce
  40. What reform movement was Sojourner Truth involved in?
    Abolition and Women’s Suffrage
  41. What movement led to Americans questioning the authority of the British in the early 18th century?
    The First Great Awakening
  42. What federal agency provided newly freed African-Americans with food, clothing and education?
    Freedmen’s Bureau
  43. What amendment extended citizenship to all persons born in the United States?
  44. Who was the first African-American elected to Congress?
    Hiram Revels
  45. Who said Southern states could be readmitted to the Union after 10% of voters who had voted in 1860 had taken an oath of allegiance to the U.S.?
  46. What disputed presidential election was resolved by a compromise promising the removal of federal troops from the South?
  47. During Reconstruction, what group in Congress most supported rights for African-Americans?
    Radical Republicans
  48. What was the most famous scandal of President Grant’s administration?
    Credit Mobilier
  49. Who originated the idea of a “single tax”?
    Henry George
  50. What 1844 campaign slogan symbolized the spirit of Manifest Destiny?
    54-40 or Fight
  51. Which antebellum Senator can be described as both a war hawk and a great compromiser?
    Henry Clay
  52. What system emerged in the South to provide both planters and former slaves with their needs for labor and land?
  53. Which president’s name is used to describe an age where both nationalism and sectionalism were rising?
  54. What constitutional debate is established by the 10th amendment?
    States rights
  55. Who developed a financial plan for the United States that included an excise tax, a central bank, assumption of sate debts and funding of the national debt?
    Alexander Hamilton
  56. What principle was established in McCulloch v. Maryland?
    States cannot tax the federal government and the BUS was constitutional
  57. What constitutionally questionable laws were passed during John Adams’ administration?
    Alien and Sedition Acts
  58. What principle was established in Marbury v. Madison?
    Judicial review
  59. What was the ruling in Worcester v. Georgia?
    Georgia could not relocate the Cherokee Indians
  60. What economic activities were favored by the Hamiltonian Federalists?
    Commercial and industrial activities
  61. What third party managed to win 22 electoral votes in the election of 1892?
    The Peoples’ Party (Populists)
  62. What colony was settled by the Dutch?
    New York
  63. What colony was established by England as a penal colony for debtors?
  64. What colony was established as a haven for Catholics?
  65. What nation established a colony in present-day Canada?
  66. What impact did European colonization have on the native population of the Western Hemisphere?
    The native population was killed or driven away by Europeans
  67. What was unique about the colony established by Roger Williams?
    Complete religious freedom for all settlers
  68. What colony is associated with John Winthrop?
    Massachusetts Bay
  69. What did the Declaratory Act state?
    Only Parliament could rule the colonies
  70. What country gave the U.S. the greatest aid during the American Revolution?
  71. What issue delayed the ratification of the Articles of Confederation?
    Land holdings by large states in the Northwest Territory
  72. What is the historical significance of Shays’ Rebellion?
    It convinced many people to support a strong central government
  73. What was the only part of the federal government elected directly by the people in the original Constitution?
    House of Representatives
  74. What compromise was made at the Constitutional Convention regarding the election of the President?
    Electoral College would elect the President
  75. What did the Anti-Federalists insist be added to the Constitution?
    Bill of Rights
  76. What were the most significant events in George Washington’s administration?
    Whiskey Rebellion, development of political parties, Neutrality Proclamation, warning against entangling alliances, Jay’s Treaty
  77. What was the purpose of the Alien and Sedition Acts during John Adam’s presidency?
    To punish Republican newspaper publishers and weaken support for the Republicans
  78. What were the effects of the War of 1812?
    Nationalism and the development of industry
  79. What were the major events in Andrew Jackson’s presidency?
    Bank War, Rise of the Whig Party, Trail of Tears, Peggy Eaton affair, nullification crisis, Maysville Road Veto
  80. What European philosophers had the greatest influence on the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution?
    John Locke, Montesquieu
  81. Who benefitted and who was hurt by the opening of the Erie Canal?
    Benefitted:  farmers in Ohio, Michigan, Indiana and Illinois; Harmed:  New England farmers
  82. What role did women play in the reform movements of the early 19th century?
    A prominent role in the abolitionist movement
  83. What were the major events in President Polk’s administration?
    Manifest Destiny, Oregon Territory, War with Mexico
  84. How did “popular sovereignty” propose to solve the question of the expansion of slavery?
    Allowed residents of a state to vote for or against slavery
  85. What was the Kansas-Nebraska Act and what were the consequences of it?
    Divided the Nebraska Territory into two territories where popular sovereignty would determine the status of slavery.  Kansas became a battleground (Bleeding Kansas).
  86. What was the ruling in the Dred Scott case?
    • Slaves were property and could be moved into free territory and remain slaves Congress could not ban slavery; the Missouri Compromise was unconstitutional Dred Scott was not a citizen
  87. What antebellum political party condemned slavery because they felt it was harmful for wage labor?
    Free Soil Party
  88. Who attacked Harper’s Ferry as part of a plan to create a slave rebellion?
    John Brown
  89. What two Civil War battles in July of 1863 marked the beginning of the end for the South?
    • Gettysburg Vicksburg
  90. When did the South loose hope of foreign aid in the Civil War?
    After the Emancipation Proclamation
  91. What group controlled federal reconstruction policies after the Civil War?
    Radical Republicans
  92. With the purchase of Louisiana, how did Thomas Jefferson change his position on the Constitution?
    He became a loose constructionist
  93. What event in 1820 maintained the balance of power between free states and slave states?
    Missouri Compromise
  94. In what era did the skyscraper appear?
    Gilded Age (urbanization)
  95. What event in 1680 stopped the expansion of the Spanish near Santa Fe, New Mexico?
    Pope’s Rebellion
  96. Which ante-bellum presidents are known for adding territory to the United States?
    Jefferson, Jackson, Polk
  97. What is the name for political organizations that are known for their political corruption and graft?
    Political machines
  98. What was the largest acquisition of territory by the United States?
    Mexican Cession
  99. What industry was the first to industrialize in the U.S.?
  100. What was the purpose behind The Federalist Papers?
    Present arguments in favor of the ratification of the Constitution
  101. What faction of the Republican Party in the 1870s claimed to support civil service reform?
  102. What cause did the assassination of President Garfield rally support for?
    Civil Service Reform
  103. What type of monopoly created a single company that controlled the raw materials, distribution and means of production within a single industry?
    Vertical monopoly
  104. What is the name for the late nineteenth century belief that the wealthy were morally obligated to use their wealth for the improvement of society?
    Gospel of Wealth
  105. Which labor strike marked the first time a U.S. president ordered federal troops to end a strike?
    Railroad Strike in 1877
  106. What colony is associated with the Mayflower Compact?
  107. What colony used the “headright system” to increase the population and work force?
  108. What colonies were known for their ethnically mixed populations?
    The Middle Colonies:  NY, PA, NJ, DE
  109. Who led indentured servants in a rebellion in Virginia in 1676?
    Nathaniel Bacon
  110. What event ended French claims to territory in the New World?
    French and Indian War (1763 Treaty of Paris)
  111. What event in 1763 led to the British prohibition of American settlement west of the Appalachians?
    Pontiac’s Rebellion (Proclamation of 1763)
  112. What put a practical end to the period of salutary neglect?
    The British victory in the French and Indian War
  113. What was the first law passed by Parliament after the French and Indian War that was intended primarily to raise revenue for Great Britain?
    Sugar Act
  114. What interpretation of the Constitution was favored by the rulings of the Marshall Court?
    Loose interpretation (strong federal government, weak state governments)
  115. What part of the U.S. opposed and, at times, undermined the American war effort in the War of 1812?
    New England (Federalist Party)
  116. What did the Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions and the South Carolina Exposition have in common?
    Theory of Nullification
  117. What economic activity did Thomas Jefferson favor and support?
  118. What famous American had a profound impact on the independence movement in India?
    Henry David Thoreau
  119. Who delivered the sermon titled “Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God”?
    Jonathan Edwards
  120. Who said “give me liberty, or give me death” and what was the occasion?
    Patrick Henry, Stamp Act Congress
  121. What did Abigail Adams advise her husband to remember when he was at the Constitutional Convention?
    “remember the ladies”
  122. What was the name of the first legislative body convened in Virginia colony?
    House of Burgesses
  123. What act, passed in 1765, created a storm of protest in the colonies and was eventually repealed by Parliament?
    Stamp Act
  124. What political party emerged primarily as opposition to Andrew Jackson and ended because of the slavery debate in the 1850s?