WHAP Chapter 15

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WHAP Chapter 15
2012-12-18 23:54:12
World History

The Maritime Revolution to 1550
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  1. An imperial eunuch and Muslim, entrusted by the Ming emperor Yongle with a series of state voyages that took his ships through the Indian Ocean, from Southeast Asia to Africa.Significance: Spread Islam around the Indian Ocean, which then increased trade between those countries and expanded the economy.
    Zheng He
  2. Amerindian peoples who inhabited the Greater Antilles of the Caribbean at the time of Columbus.Significance: Due to being enslaved, they helped speed up the Spanish infiltration of the New World.
  3. (1394-1460) Portuguese prince who promoted the study of navigation and directed voyages of exploration down the western coast of Africa.Significance: coverted Africans to Christianity, created an institute of navigation, and helped expand European dominance thus making the Europeans richer.
    Henry the Navigator
  4. small light ships that made travel much easier, ship with triangular sails and keen, a small fast ship with a broad bow.Significance: Could travel in shallow waters, up rivers and against the wind.
  5. Region of the Atlantic coast of West Africa occupied by modern Ghana; named for its gold exports to Europe from the 1470s onward.
    Significances: Became the headquarters of Portugal's West African trade, thus skyrocketing Portugal's economy.
    Gold Coast
  6. Definition: Portuguese, first to sail to southern tip of Africa 1487.Significance: His voyage led to more explorations.
    Bartolemeu Dias
  7. Definition: Portuguese explorer. In 1497-1498 he led the first naval expedition from Europe to sail to India, Significance: Opened an important commercial sea route. And established Portugal in India.
    Vasco da Gama
  8. Italian navigator who discovered the New World in the service of Spain while looking for a route to India (1451-1506)
    Christopher Columbus
  9. Definition: Portuguese navigator who led the Spanish expedition of 1519-1522 that was the first to sail around the world. Significance: Helped establish colonization in the PIlipine Islands by the Spanish.
    Ferdinand Magellan
  10. Definition: Early-sixteenth-century Spanish adventurers who conquered Mexico, Central America, and Peru.Significance: Led to the removal of Arawaks from the Bahamas who were then put in to slavery. Expanded Spanish conquest and exploration in South and North America.
  11. Definition: Spanish conquistador who defeated the Aztecs and conquered Mexico (1485-1547)Significance: Overthrowing of Moctezuma II led to an Axtec rebellion in which they took prisoners for sacrifice and forced the spanish to flee.
    Hernan Cortes
  12. Moctezuma II
    Definition: Last Aztec emperor, overthrown by the Spanish conquistador Hernan Cortes.Significance: Believed Cortes came in piece, but was taken prisoner which then led to his death.
  13. Definition: Spanish explorer who conquered the Incas in what is now Peru and founded the city of Lima (1475-1541)Significance: Wanted riches and killed Atahualpa for it.
    Francisco Pizarro
  14. Definition: Last ruling Inca emperor of Peru. He was executed by the Spanish.Significance: His death led to Manco Inca being put on the throne whose heirs retreated to the interior of Peru and created a much-reduced independant nation.
  15. central african state that began trading with the portuguese around 1500; although their kings, such as king affonso i (r. 1506-1543), converted to christianity, they nevertheless suffered from the slave trade.
  16. nigerian city-state formed by the edo people during the 14th century; famous for its bronze art work.
  17. big commercial center for importing and exporting commodities. a port where merchandise can be imported and re-exported without paying import duties
  18. a pacific ocean region, broadly unified by language and cultural traditions, that includes the hawaiian islands, marquesas islands, society islands, tuamotu archipelago, cook islands, american samoa, samoa, tonga, and kiribati.