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2012-12-19 11:27:44

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  1. The Jewish people were descendants of what man?
  2. What is the Septuagint? Who were involved in the writing process?
    Hebrew Scriptures translated into Greek and was made by 72 scholars.
  3. Who were the Essenes?
    Jews that withdrew into the desert in order to live a life of prayer.
  4. What was the Diaspora? What happened to the Jews and what were they exempt from?
    emigration of the Jews into areas outside the boundaries of Palestine. were exempt from emperor worship and special privileges in conjunction with the Sabbath and religious feast. 
  5. What is the Pentecost? What happened?
    Is 50 days after the resurrection of Christ. It is the birth of the church when the holy spirit came down apone the apostles and the when out and proclaimed the word of the Lord.
  6. What is apostolic tradition?
    is that they pass on their priestly powers and mission to their successors.
  7. What is an apologist?
    is a branch of theology that purports is to defend and explain the Christian religion.
  8. What was the Didache?
    is a short exposition concerning Christian morals, doctrine, and customs that was most likely composed in the first century.
  9. Who is St. Hippolytus? 
    was an important writer and Father of the Church, wrote against many heresies and for a little while broke from the church but later died a martyr.
  10. What was “The Way”?
    In the earliest years, the Christians referred to the Faith as “the Way” .
  11. What were the differences between Trajan and Hadrians rescripts?
    Trajan said that Christianity itself was a crime while Hadrian said that Christians could not be persecuted for openly professing the Christian religion but only for braking the common law.
  12. What is the story behind St Justin the Martyr?
    St Justin was originally a pagan but converted when he met an old man who told him that he could not reach God only through philosophy but by reading the Bible. He became an apologist
  13. What was the Edict of Milan?
    This edict restored all property taken from the Church by the empire and it granted Christians the freedom to practice their religion. 
  14. Who was St. Ambrose of Milan?
    bishop of Milan, defened church indepentunce of the state, excommunicating Emperor Theodosius, defended the church against the Arian heresy.
  15. What was the St. Jerome’s greatest work?
  16. Who was Emperor Justinian?
    Justinian I succeeded in resurrecting the glory of imperial Rome in the Eastern Empire and is responsible for many advances in architecture, the fine arts, and civil law. He viewed himself as the head of both the state and the Church, led him into conflict with the papacy over the question of the heresy of Monophysistism.
  17. What was Arianism? How did it affect the Church?
    page 150
  18. What happened at the Council of Nicaea?
    page 151
  19. What was the Hagia Sophia?
    The must famous Byzantine work was the magnificent  church of Hagia Sophia (Holy Wisdom) at Constantinople, is widely thought to be one of the most perfect buildings in the world.
  20. what were the differences between the Sadducees and Pharisees?
    The Sadducees were wealthy elite, never very large, had lots of political and religious influence, were Hellenized, and where mediators with the Romans in difficult situations. The Pharisees were a progressive reforming group, they were separated, they were not priest but lay scholars.
  21. Know the difference in the four gospels.
    Matthew, Mark, and Luke are the synoptic gospel (meaning seeing together). John and Matthew are directed toward a Jewish Christians. Mark wrote his for the Romans. Luke wrote for gentiles. Johns is the last write and Marks is the first. Matthew’s symbol is a man because he emphasizes Christ humanity. Luke is a bull because he speaks of priestly duties. Mark is the lion because it opens with the command “Prepare the way of the Lord”. John is an eagle because of the lofty language.
  22. Know the four marks of the Church.
    One, Holy, Catholic, and Apostolic
  23. How was St. Paul converted?
    Saul was on his way to Damascus to suppress the Church. He was noked off his hours and he saw a flash of light and heard a voice say Saul Saul why do you persecute me. In this encounter he last his sight but was told to go see Ananias who would restore his sight.
  24. Be able to list the 12 apostles:
    • St Peter
    • St Andrew
    • St James
    • St John 
    • St Bartholomew
    • St Matthew
    • St Thomas
    • St James
    • St Philip
    • St Jude 
    • St Simon  
    • Judas
  25. What is the difference between Agape and the Eucharist?
    Agape is an early Christian meal that because of its closeness to the Eucharist is was then celebrated as an evening meal. The Eucharist is the central act of Christian worship where people consume the Body and Blood of Jesus Christ. 
  26. What is the significance of the Catacombs?
    A catacomb is an underground series of tunnels, chambers, and tombs that were dug by Christians and served as burial places, shines, and places of worship were the would sometimes celebrate baptisms and the Eucharist.
  27. What is Vox Pupuli? How did this affect the Christians?
    Vox Pupuli is the voice of the people and this effected the Christians because the people did not understand their religious worship and caused many of the martyrs.
  28. What were the four edicts of Diocletian? How did they affect Christians?
    The first edict called for the destruction of churches and burning Scriptures, the second sanctioned the imprisonment of the clergy, the third demanded pagan worship from clergy, and the fourth resulted in the death of thousands of Christians. These edicts resulted in the worst of all the persecutions the Christians suffered under the Romans.
  29. What is the difference between a material and formal heresy?
    Material heresy is when you inter into heresy through ignorance, misunderstanding, or non-comprehension of particular aspects of the Faith, erroneous judgment, or the like. Formal heresy is to freely choose, with full understanding of the teaching of the Church, to hold to tenets or doctrines that are clearly contradictory to those of the Church and even doctrines that have been condemned by the Church as false.
  30. Who was Theodosius I and what was his affect on Christianity?
    Theodosius was the Roman emperor who made Christianity the official religion of the Roman Empire. With this they had the opportunity to evangelize to the hole empire.