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US History Mid term
Semester 1 US History Mid-Term Exam
Name the first African-American U.S. Senator.
Led the fight against the Compromise of 1850
The Union general who burned a path of destruction through Georgia
Wrote a novel that incited protests against the Fugitive Slave Act.
Harriet Beecher Stowe
General who surrendered the Confederate Army to Union forces
Robert E. Lee
Conductor on the Underground Railroad
General who won at Vicksburg and became commander of all union forces.
Ulysses S. Grant
US Senator who debated Abraham Lincoln on Slavery in the territories.
What marked the end of the wars between the federal government and the Plains Indians?
Massacre at Wounded Knee
Why did the policy of treating the Great Plains as a huge reservation change?
White settlers begin to want land on plains
What things were central to the life and culture of the plains Indians in the 1800s?
Horses, buffalo, extended family
Why did little of the free land offered by the Homestead Act end up being claimed by settlers?
Too difficult to farm
What was responsible for bringing an end to the era of the wide-open western frontier?
Why did Plains farmers in the late 1800s tend to support bimetallism?
Would put more money into circulation.
What marked the collapse of Populism?
Election of William McKinley
Invented the typewriter
First successfully used a steam engine to remove oil from beneath the earth's surface
Edwin L. Drake
Ran the American Railway union and later ran for president several times as a socialist.
Eugene V. Debs
Scottish immigrant who made a fortune in steel and donated most of his profits.
Created trusts and was criticized as a robber baron while serving as head of the standard oil company
John D. Rockefeller
Perfected the incandescent light bulb, created an electrical power system, and organized power plants.
Developed a cheap and effective manufacturing process for making steel.
Opened the way for worldwide communications with invention of the telephone
Alexander Graham Bell
The main goal of the Chinese Exlusion Act
Decrease Chinese immigration
Goal of the Americanization movement
Assimilate people of various cultures into 1 dominate culture
How did the row house conserve space?
Sharing side walls with other buildings
Settlement houses were founded in the late 1800s by
The illegal use of political influence for personal gain is called
Tammany Hall was the name of
NY political machine
What is patronage?
Power to appoint people to positions in the government
The Pendleton Civil Service Act required
Applicants for government jobs to pass examinations
The inventor of the popular roll-film camera was
In Chicago, _____________ opened the first department store in the nation.
The landscape architect _____________ led them movement for planned urban parks.
Fredrick Law Olmstead
According to _______________, educated blacks should immediately join the mainstream of society.
The first powered airplane was developed by ___________.
Novelist and humorist _______________ wrote books that have become American classics.
The Tuskegee Institute was founded by _______________ to help African Americans develop useful job skills.
Booker T. Washington
Competing with Joseph Pulitzer, _________________ published sensational stories in his newspapers.
William Randolph Hearst
Reform movement that sought to return control of the government to the people.
An advocate for improving the lives of women and children during the progressive era.
Muckraking journalist who exposed the terrible conditions of the meatpacking industry.
The term used to describe the progressive reforms of President Theodore Roosevelt.
Watchdog agency given the power to stop unfair business practices
Federal Trade Commission
President whose actions split the Republican party after he angered both progressives and conservationists.
A plan that reformed how American banks were organized.
Federal Reserve System
What stimulated U.S. Imperialism?
Thirst for new economic markets, desire for military strength, and belief in superiority of the Anglo Saxon culture.
Which country's residents became citizens of the United States in 1917?
Who told the artist Frederic Remington, "you furnish the pictures and I'll furnish the war"?
William Randolph Hearst
What action did Theordore Roosevelt do to win the 1906 Nobel Peace Prize?
Worked out the treaty of Portsmouth, ending the Russo-Japanese war in 1905.
The Boxer Rebellion
The US military was not involved. It was a rebellion in which members of Chinese secret society tried to end western influence.
What did the United States insist that Cuba include in its constitution?
The Platt amendment
On what did the Roosevelt Corollary build?
What was included in the de L`ome letter?
Criticisms of President McKinley
What war ended with the Treaty of Paris of 1898?
Causes of WWI
Imperialist competition, stockpiling weapons, European nationalism
Where did the assassination that triggered WWI occur?
What caused widespread starvation in Germany during WWI?
How did the United States overcome the threat of German U-Boats?
Groups of guarded ships
Results of the Selective Service Act?
Men were required to register for military service
Which weapons of mechanized warfare were introduced in WWI?
Airplanes and Tanks
Nations of the "Big Four"?
Italy, France, Great Britain, United States
Who rejected Wilson's "Fourteen Points" peace plan?
Waht reason did Senators give for opposing U.S. membership in the League of Nations?
It would drag the U.S. into European conflicts.
Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti were charged with, and convicted of ________________.
Robbery and murder
The immigration policies of the 1920s limited immigration from what countries?
Italy, Japan, England
Who was Mitchell Palmer?
Attorney General, believed Americans needed protection from political radicals.
During the 1920s, what happened to union membership?
The first practical peacetime use of airplanes.
Carrying the mail.
The main factor causing urban sprawl in the 1920s.
What was the Teapot Dome scandal?
Centered around oil-rich lands.
The Fordney-McCumber Tariff
Raised taxes on goods entering through the U.S.
To protect their own interests, employers often accused striking workers of being __________________
Why was it difficult to enforce the laws of governing prohibition?
People wanted to break insufficient laws to pay for enforcement.
The Harlem Renaissance refers to ________________.
Celebration of African-American culture in literature and art.
John T. Scopes challenged a Tennessee law that forbade the teaching of ________________
What did Fundamentalists believe?
The Bible should be taken literally.
"Double standard" refers to ____________________
Stricter social and moral legislation to protect African Americans.
F. Scott Fitzgerald described the 1920s as this
What did the NAACP do?
Fight for legislation to protect African-Americans work with anti-lynching organizations.
What happened to farmers debts in the 1920s?
They grew larger and more difficult to pay off.
Causes of the Great Depression?
Tariffs and war debt policies that cut down the foreign market for American goods, crisis in the farm sector, the ability of easy credit, and an unequal distribution of income.
Causes of the Dust Bowl?
Little grass and fewer trees; no prairie grass, dry topsoil.
After the stock market crash, how did President Hoover try to help the economy?
He called together key leaders in the fields of business and demanded that they pay higher wages.
Who made up the Bonus Army that marched on Washington?
Walter W. Waters
What does buying a stock on margin mean?
Buying money with money received on a loan.
Effects of the Great Depression?
Stock Market and banking regulations, Roosevelt's New Deal, expanded role of government, mass migration, and societal change.
Government system for giving payments or food to the poor?