Card Set Information
Social Studies Semester
Social Studies mid-term 8th grade December 2012
What were the reasons for European exploration?
Their reasons for exploration were so they could find new spices, and a new trade route to Asia.
What were the crusades? And where did they take place?
The crusades were a long seris of wars between the European Christians, and Muslims. The crusades took place in Southwest Asia.
What is Merantilism?
Mercantilism is a system of government, made to increase the govenments wealth by selling more than they're buying.
What is Free Enterprise?
Free Enterprise is a economy that relies chielfly on market forces to aliocate goods and resources, and to determine prices.
Explain the founding of Jamestown.
Jamestown was founded in 1607. It was the first successful English Colony. It's off the James River, and is named after King James.
Who were the pilgrims?
The pilgrims were a seperatist group that left England in the lates 1600s to escape persecution.
What was the Mayflower Compact?
The Mayflower Compact is a legal contract in which the settlers agreed to have fair laws, and to protect the general good of the people.
Who were the puritans?
The puritans were a protestant group who wanted to purify or reform the Anglican Church.
Who was William Penn?
A quaker who wanted to establish a colony under his control, which would be a safe place for quakers in the new land. He established Pennsulvainia.
What was the House Of Burgesses?
It was the first representative assembly in the colonies.
What was the Fundamentals Orders Of Conneticut?
The F.O.O.C granted voting rights to non-church membersand limited the power of the government.
Describe the New England colonies.
New England colony consist off New Hampshire, Massachusets, Conneticut, and Rhode Island. It is known for manufacturing goods.
Describe the Middle Colonies.
Middle Colonies consisted of New York, New Jersey, Delaware, and Pennsulvania. It is known as the most diverse colonial region.
Describe the Southern Colonies.
Southern Colonies included Maryland, Virginia, North and South Carolina, and Georgia. It is known for agriculture.
Explain the Magna Carta.
A document written in 1215. It was the first document written that limited the power of the king.
Explain The English Bill Of Rights.
It granted many rights to all english citizens. Parliament became the main source of government.
What is Parliament?
Parliament is the main law-making body in England. The government is based in Parliament.
What was the John Peter Zenger trial?
This trial established the freedom of the press.
Who was John Locke?
He was a phiosopher who came up with the natural-born rights.
What are the natural-born rights?
They are life, liberty, and property.
What was the Enlightment?
The Enlightment was the economical movement, that turned them to Science and Reason.
What was the Great Awakening?
The Great Awakening was the religous movement, that swept the clonies in the 1700s.
What did Benjamin Frankin do for the revolution?
He wrote the Albany Plan of Union.
What was the Albany Plan of Union?
The proposed plan, that all the colonies needed to join forces, and fight.
What was the result of the French-Indian War?
Britain won, and gained all of Frances land west of the colonies.
What was put in place by the Proclomation of 1763?
Colonist could not settle on lands west of the Appalachain Mountains.
What was the Britsh economy like after the French-Indian war?
They were in major debt.
What was the Boston Massacre?
The Boston Masacre was where a mob of colonist started a fight with the soldiers. The soldiers shot and killed 5 colonist.
Who was Crispus Attucks?
He was an african american colonist who was killed in the Boston Massacre.
Who was King George the 3rd?
He was the king of England during the revolution.
What was the Sugar Act?
The sugar act was a tax placed on sugar, molasses, and other goods shipped to the colonist.
What did the Stamp Act do?
The stamp act required all legal and commercial documents to carry an official stamp showing that a tax had been payed.
Who were the Sons Of Liberty?
The sons of liberty were a group of colonist who used violence to frighten british tax collectors.
Who was Samuel Adams?
The leader of Bostons sons of liberty. Cousin of John Adams.
Who was John Adams?
He was a massachusets lawyer who defended the british soldiers put on trial for the Boston Massacre.
Who was Abigail Adams?
John Adams wife.
What was the Tea Act?
Gave the British East India Co. permission to sell tea directly to the colonist.
What was the Boston Tea Party?
The sons of liberty dumped tons of tea into the boston harbor.
What were the intolerable acts?
They were laws passed by parliament to punish Massachusetts for the Boston Tea Party.
Why were colonist upset about taxation?
Because they had no representation in parliament.
What was the Continental Congress?
They were a group of delegates who met and discussed the intolerable acts.
Who Thomas Paine?
He wrote Commen Sense.
What was commen sense?
Commen sense was a pamphlet written by Thomas Paine in early 1776. It tried to persuade colonist that america should declare their independence.
Who was Patrick Henry?
He was a member of the virginia's House of Burgesses. He said "Give me liberty, or Give me death."
What happend the at Lexington and Concord?
It was considerd the first shots of the revolutionary war.
What was the Olive Branch Petition?
It was a petition asking for peace between Britain and the colonies.
What was the Declaration of Independence?
Document signed on July 4th, 1776. It declared the colonie free from Britain.
Who was Thomas Jefferson?
He wrote the Declaration of independence.
What are Unalieable rights?
Rights that can't be taken away.
Who was Mercy Otis Warren?
Female political writer during the revolution.
Who was George Washington?
He was the general of the Continental Army.
Who was Marquis de Lafayette?
A french nobelman who volunterred to serve in washington's army.
Who was John Paul Jones?
He was the most famous naval officer of the revolution.
Who was Bernando de Galvez?
He was the spanish governer of Louisiana during the revolutionary war. He seized many british forts.
What were the battles of Saratoga?
They were battles fought in New York. It showed America could stand a chance against britain.