Chapter 12

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Chapter 12
2012-12-20 21:40:00
APUSH Antebellum reform

Antebellum era
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  1. "Wild Nature"
    • Painters: Frederic Church, Thomas Cole, Thomas Doughtry. Asher Durand
    • wanted to express wild nature
  2. James Fenimore Cooper
    The Last of the mochicans and The Deerslayer
  3. Walt Whitman
    • Leaves of Grass (1855)
    • Celebrated Democracy, individual liberty
  4. Herman Melville
    Moby Dick (1851)
  5. Edgar Allen Poe
    The Raven (1845)
  6. William Gilmore Simms
    Believed that the duty of the intellectual was to defend the southeren lifestyle and to defend slavery.
  7. Augustus Longstreet
    Joseph Baldwin
    Johnson Hooper
    Focused on ordinary people and poor whites
  8. Ralph Waldo Emerson
    • Nature 1836- Argued self fulfillment through communion with nature
    • Self-Reliance 1841- called for individual to fully explore inner unity with universe
    • The american Scholar 1837- argued beauty from instant vs. Learning
  9. Henry David Thoreau
    • Walden 1845- him simply living in the woods
    • Resistance to civil gov 1849- gov that required violation of personal morality not legitimate.
  10. Visions of Utopia
    • George Ripley: established brook farm in 1841 in MA. Created community that would permit full opportunity for self realization, equal lanor, and share leisure
    • Nathanial Hawthorne: The Blithedale Romance 1852- Submission equals oppression; Scarlet letter 1850
    • Robert Owen: 1825, New Harmony in Ind. Economic failure
  11. Margaret Fuller
    Women of the 19th Century (1844) Femminist ideas
  12. Johm Humphrey
    • Oneida Community
    • Perfectionist
    • Communal raising of children
  13. Ann Lee
    Shaker Society- Committed to celibacy, equality of sexes, God neither male nor female.
  14. Joseph Smith
    • 1830
    • wrote Book of Mormon
    • Killed by mob
  15. Brigham Young
    • Replaced Smith after death
    • Led exodus to Salt Lake City
  16. Charles Finney
    • New light revivalists. Believed every individual capable of salvation.
    • Important Leader
  17. Temperance Crusade
    • Alcohol seen as responsible for crime, disorder, and poverty
    • Western Temperance Society (1840)
    • American society for the promotion of temperance (1826)
  18. Sylvester Graha
    • Hydrotherapy
    • New diet theories
  19. Fowler Brothers
    • German
    • Phrenology- shape and region of skull determines character and intelligence
    • 1830s
  20. Horace Mann
    • Educated electorate essential to work freepolitical system
    • lenthened academic year. Gave better teacher salaries and training
    • US¬†literacy highest rate in world
  21. Women's Movement
    • Grimke sisters
    • stowe sisters
    • lucrecia matt
    • elizabeth cady stanton
    • dorthy dix
  22. Seneca Fall NY
    "Declaration of Sentiments and Resolutions"
  23. American Colonization Society
    • 1817
    • Virginians who wanted manumission and transportation out of country but also wanted to maintain proerty rights by compensating slave holder
    • 1830 Liberia
  24. William Lloyd Garrison
    • Founded Liberator in 1831
    • looked from black perspective and encourged other to do so also
    • New england antislavery society 1832
  25. Frederick Douglass
    • Escaped slavery
    • North Star
    • Narrative of the life of Frederick Douglass (1845)
  26. Amistad
    • 1839
    • slaves seized ship, tried to return to africa
    • supreme court declared them free
  27. Prigg v. Pennsylvania
    ruled states need not enforce 1793 law requiring return of fugitive slaves
  28. Harriet Beecher Stowe
    • 1851
    • Uncle Tom's Cabin