Anatomy and Physiology Terms 1/17/13

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flopez071407
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190312
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Anatomy and Physiology Terms 1/17/13
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2013-01-17 18:15:39
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Anatomy Physiology
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Anatomy and Physiology terminology
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  1. -a-
    without; lack of
  2. -ab-
    away from
  3. abduction
    to draw a structure away from midline
  4. ad-
    toward
  5. adduct
    to draw two structures closer together or to move toward the midline
  6. adduction
    process of drawing two structures closer together or moving a structure toward midline
  7. ante-/antero
    before
  8. -algia
    pain
  9. an-
    without; lack of
  10. anatomy
    study of the structure of an organism
  11. arthr-
    a joint
  12. bi-
    two
  13. brachy-
    short
  14. brady-
    slow
  15. -cele
    tumor
  16. cephalo-
    head, or toward the head end
  17. circum
    around
  18. cm
    centimeter
  19. contra-
    combining form meaning opposite
  20. corp-
    body
  21. cryo-
    cold
  22. -cyte
    cell
  23. de-
    away from
  24. dextro-
    right
  25. -dynia
    pain
  26. dys-
    bad, with dificulty
  27. e-
    out from
  28. ec-
    out of
  29. ecto-
    on the outerside; toward the surface
  30. -ectomy
    excision
  31. -emia
    referring to the blood
  32. endo-
    toward the interior; within
  33. ento-
    toward the interior; within
  34. ep-,epi-
    upon or above something else
  35. etio-
    pertaining to cause or origin
  36. ex-
    out of, toward the surface
  37. hemi-
    half
  38. hyper-
    above, increased, or too much of something
  39. hypo-
    below; decreased, or too little of something
  40. idio-
    peculiar
  41. infra-
    below
  42. inter-
    between
  43. intero-
    aimed inward or farther from the surface
  44. intra-
    within
  45. intro-
    into
  46. ipsi-
    same
  47. iso-
    equal
  48. -itis
    inflammation or irritation
  49. latero-
    toward the side
  50. leuco-
    white
  51. levo-
    left
  52. macro-
    large
  53. medio-
    middle
  54. megalo-
    large
  55. meso-
    middle
  56. meta-
    after; mounted or built upon
  57. micro-
    small
  58. ml
    milliliters
  59. mono-
    single
  60. morph-
    form
  61. my-
    pertaining to muscle
  62. myelo-
    pertaining to spinal cord
  63. myo-
    pertaining to muscle
  64. naso-
    nose
  65. neo-
    new
  66. neuron-
    nerve
  67. oculo-
    eye
  68. -oma
    morbid condition of a part, often a tumor
  69. oro-
    mouth
  70. ortho
    straight
  71. -osis
    condition
  72. osseo-
    bony part
  73. osteo-
    bone
  74. palato-
    palate
  75. pachy-
    thick
  76. patho-
    abnormal in some way
  77. -pathy
    disease
  78. ped-
    foot, child
  79. peri-
    around
  80. -phage/phagia
    eating
  81. -plasia
    growth
  82. poly-
    many
  83. post
    after, behind
  84. postero-
    behind
  85. pre-
    before; in front of
  86. pro-
    before; in front of
  87. retro-
    backward, toward the rear
  88. -sclerosis
    hardening
  89. semi-
    half
  90. sinistro-
    left
  91. steno-
    narrow
  92. sub-
    under
  93. super-
    above; excessively
  94. supra-
    above, upon
  95. sym-
    with or together
  96. syn-
    with or together
  97. tachy-
    swift; fast
  98. tetra-
    four
  99. -tomy
    cutting
  100. trans-
    beyond or on the other side
  101. tri-
    three
  102. uni-
    one
  103. Frontal section or coronal section
    Divides the body into front and back halves or sections
  104. Sagittal section
    divides the body into right and left halves or sections
  105. Transverse section
    -divides the body into upper and lower halves or sections
  106. Anterior
    front
  107. Ventral
    belly or anterior surface
  108. Posterior
    Toward the rear
  109. Dorsal
    back of the body
  110. Rostral
    toward the head
  111. Peripheral
    away from the center
  112. Superficial
    on or near the surface
  113. Deep
    further from the surface
  114. External
    outside
  115. Internal
    within the body
  116. Prone
    face down (horizontal position)
  117. Supine
    face up (horizontal position)
  118. Lateral
    toward the side
  119. Proximal
    nearest to the point of attachment
  120. Flexion
    bending, flexible (refers to bending at a joint - usually toward the ventral surface)

    two ventral surfaces coming closer together 9EX: sit ups)
  121. Extension
    to stretch; the opposite of flexion
  122. Hyperextention
    extreme extension
  123. Dorsiflexion
    -arching the back
  124. Plantar
    sole of the foot
  125. Palmar
    palm of the hand

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