Anatomy

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Author:
Noelle
ID:
190336
Filename:
Anatomy
Updated:
2012-12-20 17:10:58
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Semester review
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  1. Function reflects structure
    principle of complementarity of structure and function
  2. Levels of organization?
    • 1.chemical
    • 2.cellularity
    • 3.tissue
    • 4.organ
    • 5.organ system
    • 6. organism
  3. -atoms form moelcule
    chemical level
  4. molecules form organelles
    cellular level
  5. organelles form tissues and smooth muscle cells
    tissue
  6. made up of differnet types of tissues
    organs
  7. organ systems consists of different organs working together
    organ system
  8. human is made up of many organ systems
    organism
  9. Necessary life functions?
    • 1.Maintaining boundaries
    • 2. Growth
    • 3. Reproduction
    • 4.Metabolism
    • 5.Movement
    • 6.Excretion
    • 7. Digestion
  10. Survival needs?
    • 1. Pressure
    • 2.Temp
    • 3.Oxygen
    • 4.Water
    • 4.Nutrients
  11. Maintenance of a relatively internal stable enviroment despite of the continuous outside changes
    homeostasis
  12. -monitor
    -responds to stimuli
    receptor
  13. -determines set point the variable is maintained
    - determines response
    Control center
  14. -receives output
    -means to respond
    -enhances or reduces stimulus
    effector
  15. -shuts off original stimulus
    -body temp
    -blood volume
    Negative feedback
  16. -exaggerates original stimulis
    -labor contractions
    -platelet plug
    positive feedback
  17. Anatomical position?
    • -feet slightly apart
    • -body erect
    • -palms forward
    • -thumbs out
  18. toward head
    superior
  19. toward feet
    inferior
  20. front of body
    ventral/ anterior
  21. back of body
    dorsal/posterior
  22. toward the midline
    medial
  23. away from midline
    lateral
  24. between a more medial and a more lateral structure
    intermediate
  25. close to the attachment of
    proximal
  26. farther away from the attachment
    distal
  27. toward the body surface
    superficial/ external
  28. away from the body surface
    deep/ internal
  29. Head, neck, and trunk
    axial
  30. appendage/limbs
    appendicular
  31. flat surface in which the body or structure is cut for anatomical study
    plane
  32. plane: body into left and right parts
    sagital
  33. plane: off center
    parasagital
  34. plane: right down the middle
    midsagittal
  35. plane: diagonal section through body
    oblique
  36. plane: body into anterior and posterior parts
    frontal/coronal
  37. plane:body into superior to inferior parts
    transverse/horizontal/ cross section
  38. 2 mian body cavities?
    • Dorsal
    • Ventral
  39. Dorsal cavity parts?
    • 1.Vertebrae
    • 2.cranial
  40. Ventral body cavity parts?
    • 1. Thoracic: pleural, and paracardial
    • 2. abdominopelvic: belly, and pelvis
  41. Lines body cavities with openings?
    mucosa
  42. Lines body cavity with no openings?
    serous
  43. Lines internal body walls
    parietal serosa
  44. Cover internal organs?
    Visceral serosa
  45. Regional terms: abdominal
    stomach
  46. Regional terms: antecubital
    elbow crease
  47. Regional terms: axillary
    armpit
  48. Regional terms: brachial
    back of arm (upper part)
  49. Regional terms: cervical
    neck
  50. Regional terms: crural
    front lower part of leg
  51. Regional terms: femoral
    femur-front part
  52. Regional terms: fibular
    Side portion of leg (outside from midline)
  53. Regional terms:gluteal
    butt
  54. Regional terms: inguinal
    groin
  55. Regional terms: lumbar
    lower back
  56. Regional terms: occipital
    lower back of head
  57. Regional terms: oral
    mouth
  58. Regional terms: popliteal
    Back crease of knee
  59. Regional terms: pubic
    gential area
  60. Regional terms: sural
    back lower portion of calf
  61. Regional terms: thoracic
    Chest
  62. Regional terms: umbilical
    belly button
  63. Regional terms: cephalic
    head
  64. Regional terms: mental
    chin

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