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Characteristics of a civilization
- 2.written language
- 3.advanced technology
- 4.specialized workers
-founded on what river
Old Kingdom, pharaoh, strong government, built pyramids, traded, and ruled large area
Middle Kingdom, largest pyramid (Giza), civil war
invaders from Asia, savagely burnt cities, destroyed Egyptian temples, and treated people with cruelty.
written language of Egyptian
plant, a kind of reed. was used as paper
million dollar burial mask
Most important egyptian gods
- Osiris- the god of the underworld and lord of the after life
- Amon-Re- the sun god
November 26, 1922
Archaeologist who found King Tut's tomb
Most famous temple
Part of this temple still stands today
built between 1290-1224 BC
Government based on religion
king (1353–36 bce) of ancient Egypt of the 18th dynasty, who established a new cult dedicated to the Aton, the sun’s disk
From about mid-May to mid-September, it generally dominates the Adriatic, Ionian, and Aegean seas and the adjacent countries.The wind is actually a dry monsoon wind since it is rainless and not accompanied by high relative humidity. It is not replaced in winter by a steady drift from the opposite direction, and thus the term monsoon is not generally used to describe this wind.
beetle worship by many ancient egyptians
reigned over Egypt for more than 20 years. She served as queen alongside her husband, Thutmose II, but after his death claimed the role of pharaoh while acting as regent to her nephew, Thutmose III. She reigned peaceably, building temples and monuments, and Egypt flourished. After her death, Thutmose III erased her inscriptions and tried to eradicate her memory.
black eye makeup for early egyptians
also used on pots
land between the rivers
aka the fertile crescent
lived with flocks and family groups
made up of the people of the clans, their slaves, and some adopted strangers
earliest civilization in the world began here
plain of shinar
lived in city states
city and the farmlands and villages around it
formed on the tigris and euphrates rivers
sumerians form of writing
used a stylus on soft clay
had the arch and wheeled vehicles
sumerian epic poem that is very important piece of literature
tells of a flood
2500 BC city states united under who
1760 BC came from syria, brought all of lower Mesopotamia under one rule.
capital way babylon.
all lower mesopotamia became known as babylon
most important gift to civilization is written law.
300 sections-"eye for an eye"
Code of Hammurabi
After Hammurabi's death they invade from the north
just and humane laws
harder and stronger weapons
Abraham came from where
the oldest city
port cities of the phoenicians
purple dye made from snail glands
most known for the alphabet
tree trunks used for ship masts
cedars of lebanon
"scattering of Jews"
Romans destoyed Jerusalem
built temple to God
After his death the kingdom split into 2 parts
religion Hebrews developed
belief in one God
babylon fell to them in 729 BC and israel by 722
ruled the largest empire 750-605BC
well trained army with iron weapons-poisened
good bowmen and horsemen
capital is nineveh
studied the stars
wonder of the world
hanging gardens of babylon