World History

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Author:
kelly3mcgee
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190442
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World History
Updated:
2013-01-06 14:55:57
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Chapter Ancient Civilizations
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covers book and study sheets
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  1. Characteristics of a civilization
    • 1.cities
    • 2.written language
    • 3.advanced technology
    • 4.specialized workers
  2. 3100 BC
    -founded on what river
    • Egypt
    • Nile River
  3. Old Kingdom, pharaoh, strong government, built pyramids, traded, and ruled large area
    King Menes
  4. Middle Kingdom, largest pyramid (Giza), civil war
    Pharaoh Cheops
  5. invaders from Asia, savagely burnt cities, destroyed Egyptian temples, and treated people with cruelty.
    Hyksos
  6. written language of Egyptian
    Hieroglyphics
  7. plant, a kind of reed. was used as paper
    papyrus
  8. million dollar burial mask
    november 1992
    King tut
  9. Most important egyptian gods
    • Osiris- the god of the underworld and lord of the after life
    • Amon-Re- the sun god
  10. November 26, 1922
    Archaeologist who found King Tut's tomb
    Howard Carter
  11. Most famous temple
    Part of this temple still stands today
    built between 1290-1224 BC
    • Amon-Re
    • at Karnak
  12. Government based on religion
    Theocracy
  13. king (1353–36 bce) of ancient Egypt of the 18th dynasty, who established a new cult dedicated to the Aton, the sun’s disk
    Akhenaton
  14. From about mid-May to mid-September, it generally dominates the Adriatic, Ionian, and Aegean seas and the adjacent countries.The wind is actually a dry monsoon wind since it is rainless and not accompanied by high relative humidity. It is not replaced in winter by a steady drift from the opposite direction, and thus the term monsoon is not generally used to describe this wind.
    etesian winds
  15. beetle worship by many ancient egyptians
    scarab
  16. reigned over Egypt for more than 20 years. She served as queen alongside her husband, Thutmose II, but after his death claimed the role of pharaoh while acting as regent to her nephew, Thutmose III. She reigned peaceably, building temples and monuments, and Egypt flourished. After her death, Thutmose III erased her inscriptions and tried to eradicate her memory.
    Queen Hatsheput
  17. black eye makeup for early egyptians
    also used on pots
    kohl
  18. 4000BC
    land between the rivers
    aka the fertile crescent
    mesopotamia
  19. lived with flocks and family groups
    clan
  20. made up of the people of the clans, their slaves, and some adopted strangers
    tribe
  21. earliest civilization in the world began here
    plain of shinar
  22. 4000-2500BC
    lived in city states
    sumerians
  23. city and the farmlands and villages around it
    city-state
  24. formed on the tigris and euphrates rivers
    mesopotamia
  25. sumerians form of writing
    used a stylus on soft clay
    "wedged shaped"
    cuneiform
  26. had the arch and wheeled vehicles
    sumerians
  27. sumerian epic poem that is very important piece of literature
    tells of a flood
    Gilgamesh
  28. 2500 BC city states united under who
    Sargon l
  29. 1760 BC came from syria, brought all of lower Mesopotamia under one rule.
    capital way babylon.
    all lower mesopotamia became known as babylon
    Hammurabi
  30. most important gift to civilization is written law.
    300 sections-"eye for an eye"
    Code of Hammurabi
  31. After Hammurabi's death they invade from the north
    Hittites
  32. 1600-1200
    just and humane laws
    Iron
    harder and stronger weapons
    Hittites
  33. Abraham came from where
    the oldest city
    Ur
  34. port cities of the phoenicians
    • tyre
    • sidon
  35. purple dye made from snail glands
    murex
  36. most known for the alphabet
    Phoenicians
  37. tree trunks used for ship masts
    cedars of lebanon
  38. "scattering of Jews"
    66AD
    Romans destoyed Jerusalem
    Diaspora
  39. 977-937
    built temple to God
    3rd king
    luxurious king
    Solomon
  40. After his death the kingdom split into 2 parts
    • solomon
    • Israel-north
    • judah-south
  41. religion Hebrews developed
    judaism
  42. belief in one God
    monotheism
  43. babylon fell to them in 729 BC and israel by 722
    Assyrians
  44. ruled the largest empire 750-605BC
    assyrians
  45. political administration
    well trained army with iron weapons-poisened
    good bowmen and horsemen
    wore armour 
    cruel
    capital is nineveh
    Assyrians
  46. 605-550
    conquered assyrians
    led by
    • Chaldeans
    • Nebuchadnezzar
  47. devised astrology
    studied the stars
    chaldeans
  48. chaldeans
    wonder of the world
    hanging gardens of babylon
  49. overthrew chaldeans
    persians

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