Reaction Quiz

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Author:
blankdr14
ID:
190481
Filename:
Reaction Quiz
Updated:
2012-12-22 17:38:19
Tags:
AP Chem
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Description:
reaction quiz
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  1. silver ions
    Ag+
  2. nickel, zinc, and cadmuim ions
    Ni2+, Zn2+, Cd2+
  3. lead and tin ions
    Sn2+/Sn4+, Pb2+/Pb4+
  4. gold and copper ions
    Au+/Au3+, Cu+ (rare)/ Cu2+ (common)
  5. ammonium
    NH4+
  6. nitrate
    NO3-
  7. hydroxide
    OH-
  8. chlorate
    ClO3-
  9. acetate
    C2H3O2-
  10. carbonate
    CO32-
  11. sulfate
    SO42-
  12. phosphate
    PO43-
  13. hydrogen sulfate (bisulfate)
    HSO4-
  14. hydrogen carbonate (bicarbonate)
    HCO3-
  15. hydrogen phosphate
    HPO42-
  16. dihydrogen phosphate
    H2PO4-
  17. cyanide
    CN-
  18. thiocyanate
    SCN-
  19. peroxide
    O22-
  20. decomposition of metal carbonate
    metal oxide + carbon dioxide
  21. decomposition of H2O2
    2H2O2 -> 2H2O + O2
  22. solubility rules
    • all nitrate, ammonium, chlorate, and acetate compounds
    • all group IA, most group IIA
    • most chloride, bromide, and iodide; except with Ag+ and Pb2+
    • most sulfate; except those with Ba2+, Pb2+, Hg2+, and Ca2+
    • most oxide, hydroxide, sulfide, carbonate, and phosphate are not
  23. H2CO3
    CO2 + H2O
  24. NH4OH
    NH3 + H2O
  25. alkanes
    all single bonds
  26. alkenes
    one double bond
  27. alkynes
    one triple bond
  28. alcohols
    one H replaced by OH
  29. nonmetal oxides in water
    • smush together and reduce
    • acidic
  30. metal oxides in water
    • double displacement (don't list water as a product)
    • basic
  31. Cu(NH3)42+ color
    electric blue
  32. FeSCN2+ color
    deep red
  33. CoCl42- color
    purple
  34. Cu2+ solution color
    aqua blue
  35. Ni2+ solution color
    green
  36. Fe3+ solution color
    orange
  37. KMnO4 color
    purple
  38. NO2 color
    brown
  39. Cl2 color
    yellow
  40. Br2 color
    red/brown
  41. I2 color
    purple
  42. phenolpthalein color in acidic solution
    clear
  43. phenolpthalein color in basic solution
    pink
  44. Na+ flame color
    yellow
  45. Li+ flame color
    red
  46. K+ flame color
    pink
  47. Cu2+ flame color
    blue
  48. Sr2+ flame color
    red
  49. Ba2+ flame color
    green
  50. spontaneous reaction
    • -ΔG
    • -ΔH
    • +ΔS
    • +E

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