Nutrition 506 Final Exam, part 2

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elo266
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19057
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Nutrition 506 Final Exam, part 2
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2010-05-12 18:18:19
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nutrition final exam
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NUTR 506 Final
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  1. Which of the following is TRUE of the CV system?
    A) muscles send oxygenated blood to the heart
    B) lungs deoxygenate the blood
    C) heart sends deoxygenated blood to the body
    D) heart sends deoxygenated blood to the lungs
    D) heart sends deoxygenated blood to the lungs
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. Which is TRUE of the heart?
    A) a healthy heart pumps more blood with each heart beat
    B) a healthy heart has a faster heart rate
    C) the heart is comprised of six chambers known as ventricles
    D) vigorous exercise harms the heart
    A) a healthy heart pumps more blood with each beat
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. Good coronary circulation:
    A) increases BP in the heart
    B) helps to prevent blood pooling in the lower extremities
    C) strengthens the heart valves by moving more blood through the heart
    D) nourishes the heart and reduces the risk of a heart attack
    D) nourishes the heart and reduces the risk of a heart attack
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. Which of the following is FALSE regarding the relationship between CV fitness and health benefits?
    A) CV fitness reduces health risks, in part, due to the associated reduction in excess weight
    B) as CV fitness increases overall, health risks decrease
    C) only very high levels of fitness have been shown to provide health benefits
    D) CV fitness decreases risk for premature death
    C) only very high levels of fitness have been shown to provide health benefits
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. VO2 max refers to the maximum:
    A) oxygen consumption
    B) air ventilation
    C) cardiac pulse
    D) exercise intensity
    A) oxygen consumption
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. Which of the following could be used to estimate VO2 max if you didn't have access to the necessary laboratory equipment to conduct an actual VO2 max test?
    A) Threshold of Training Test
    B) Blood pressure
    C) Rockport Walking Field Test
    D) Pulse
    C) Rockport Walking Fied Test
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. T/F: Changes in resting heart rate and exercise heart rate (over time) provide good indicators of improvements in fitness.
    T
  8. What is the maximal heart rate for Sophia, a 24-year old female (bmp)?
    a) 169
    b) 184
    c) 191
    d) 196
    • c) 191
    • MHR= 208 - (0.7 x 24)
  9. Assuming her resting heart rate is 75, what is Sophia's Heart Rate Reserve (bmp)?
    A) 121
    B) 116
    C) 94
    D) 109
    B) 116

    HHR= MHR - RHR
    = 191 - 75
    = 116
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. Which of the following BEST describes flexibility?
    A) the length of muscle around a joint
    B) the shape of the bones and cartilage in the joint
    C) the number of muscles, tendons, ligaments, and fascia that cross the joint
    D) the ROM at a joint or group of joints
    D) the ROM at a joint or group of joints
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. People with hypermobility:
    A) may be more prone to joint dislocation
    B) use less energy in walking and jogging
    C) may have difficulty stretching
    D) should avoid any forms of stretching
    A) may be more prone to joint dislocation
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. Bands of tissues that connect bones are:
    A) fibroids
    B) tendons
    C) ligaments
    D) muscles
    C) ligaments
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. No ideal standard for flexibility exists because:
    A) heredity plays the major role
    B) people have different limb lengths
    C) little scientific evidence exists about the relationship of flexibility to fitness
    D) there are no norms for various ages and sexes
    C) little scientific evidence exists about the relationship of flexibility to fitness
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. T/F: Although there is an overall decrease in flexibility through the lifespan, there is a increase in flexibility after pubescence into our mid 20's.
    T
  15. Slow, sustained stretching exercises held for several seconds are called:
    A) static stretches
    B) dynamic stretches
    C) stretch reflexes
    D) ballistic stretches
    A) static stretches
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation (PNF):
    A) all
    B) stretches muscles by the force of vigorous momentum (3)
    C) combines active and passive stretching methods (1)
    D) both 1 &2
    E) is more effective than static stretching for increasing flexibiliy (2)
    D) both 1 & 2
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. Which of the following are considered health benefits of flexibility?
    A) prevention of lower back pain (1)
    B) both 1 & 3
    C) improved posture (3)
    D) prevention of muscle soreness (2)
    E) all
    B) both 1 & 3
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. A measure of the maximum amount of force that a muscle can exert one time is called:
    A) strength
    B) power
    C) muscular endurance
    D) progression
    A) strength
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. The capacity of a muscle to continue contracting over a period of time (or max # of reps) without fatigue is called:
    A) power
    B) muscular endurance
    C) muscular strength
    D) CV endurance
    B) muscular endurance
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. T/F: In extreme cases, very high levels of muscular fitness can have a masculinizing effect on women.
    F
  21. Which of the following are effective for building static strength?
    A) eccentric
    B) isotonics
    C) concentric
    D) isometrics
    D) isometrics
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. T/F: The stimulus for max muscular strength is inversely related to the stimulus for max muscular endurance.
    T
  23. The BMI is based on which two variables?
    A) height and weight
    B) sum of skinfolds and wasit-to-hip ratio
    C) elbow breadth and width
    D) sums of skinfolds and body density
    A) height and weight
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. The accepted international standards used by the US and the WHO is a BMI of ___ for overweight and a BMI of ___ for obesity.
    A) > 25, >28
    B) >30, >35
    C) >20, >25
    D) >25, >30
    D) >25, >30
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. Which of the following is TRUE of body fat?
    A) abdominal body fat poses greater health risks than peripheral fat
    B) cellulite os a more dangerous form of body fat
    C) fat can be lost in specific sites using appropriate exercises
    D) males have more fat than females
    A) abdominal body fat poses greater health risks than peripheral fat
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. Obesity is:
    A) preventable by crash diets
    B) a result of eating more calories than you expend
    C) caused by glandular problems
    D) a normal part of the aging process
    B) a result of eating more calories than you expend
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. Which is TRUE of a person's basal metabolic rate (BMR)?
    A) BMR is hereditarily determined
    B) increased muscle mass will cause an increase in BMR
    C) low BMR is an advantage for long-term weight control
    D) BMR increases with age
    B) increased muscle mass will cause an increase in BMR
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. What is meant by the term "creeping obesity"?
    A) pediatric obesity
    B) the typical increase in fatness observed as adults age due to decreasing activity and BMR
    C) the rising prevalence rates of obesity seen in the US observed over the past 20-30 years
    D) the shift in body fat distribution observed after menopause
    B) the typical increase in fatness observed as adults age due to decreasing activity and BMR
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. T/F: Most diets are unsuccessful in producing sustainable weight loss
    T
  30. Which of the following behaviors is generally associated with sustained and healthy weight loss?
    A) monitoring weight status on a regular basis
    B) all
    C) eating breakfast everyday
    D) eating a consistant dietary pattern
    E) none
    B) all
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. Suzanne Sonneborn is:
    A) a UNH alum (1)
    B) health educator (2)
    C) registered dietition (3)
    D) 1 & 2
    E) all
    E) all
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. Which of the following is NOT a characteristic seen in binge-eating disorder?
    A) eating large amounts of food and purging afterward
    B) eating until feeling uncomfortably full
    C) eating large amounts of food when not hungry
    D) eating much more rapidly than normal
    A) eating large amounts of food and purging afterward
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. Which of the following is the most common?
    A) bulimia nervosa
    B) binge-eating nervosa
    C) anorexia nervosa
    D) pica
    B) binge eating nervosa
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. T/F: The loss of tooth enamel seen in bulimia nervosa is due to the insufficient intake of calcium.
    F
  35. Of the following types of events, which is considered the LEAST stressful?
    A) uncontrollable
    B) controllable
    C) ambiguous
    D) negative
    B) controllable
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. What is another name for an optimal amount of stress?
    A) adaptation
    B) resistance
    C) homeostatic
    D) distress
    C) homeostatic
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. The positive dimension of stress is called:
    A) distress
    B) rustout
    C) eustress
    D) burnout
    C) eutress
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. Stress:
    A) can be pleasurable
    B) causes psychological disorders but not physical ones
    C) is always out of your control
    D) is hereditary and fixed
    A) can be pleasurable
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  39. Certain characteristics that have been found to influence a person's reaction to stressful situations is collectively referred to as:
    A) control
    B) hardiness
    C) appraisal
    D) commitment
    B) hardiness
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  40. T/F: Stress is needed for normal growth
    T
  41. Although most common, this type of stress is the LEAST likely to be associated with negative health outcomes.
    A) major
    B) acute
    C) chronic
    D) episodic acute
    C) chronic
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  42. During the last 10 years, annual working hours in the US have
    A) decreased
    B) fluctuated up and down
    C) stayed the same
    D) increased
    D) increased
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  43. T/F: Problem-focused coping strategies are most appropriate for tackling stressors w/in your control
    T
  44. Which stress-management technique involves monitoring of physiological processes?
    A) biofeedback
    B) mental imagery
    C) autogenic training
    D) progressive relaxation
    A) biofeedback
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  45. Jacobson's Progressive Relaxation Method does NOT involve
    A) contracting then releasing the muscles
    B) placing an emphasis first on feeling the tension, then letting it go
    C) increasing the intensity of muscle contractions as the exercise progresses
    C) increasing the intensity of muscle contractions as the exercise progresses
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  46. Changing the way you are thinking about a stressor is an example of ______-focused coping strategies.
    A) emotional
    B) appraisal
    C) problem
    D) avoidant
    B) appraisal
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  47. FIB: _______ _________ is often referred to as aerobic fitness, CV endurance, and/or cariorespiratory fitness.
    CV fitness
  48. The opinion scale used to determine exercise intensity during aerobic exercise is called _______ _____ ________ ________
    Ratings of Perceived Exertion
  49. When a muscle group is given tension through bouncing and/or quick jerks in order to increase the ROM, this is known as __________ stretching
    ballistic
  50. ___________ ___________ ____________ is the type of PA done with the intent of improving muscle fitness
    Progressive Resistance Exercise
  51. The max amount of resistance a person can move at one attempt is known as ____ ________ _______
    One (1) Repetition Maximum
  52. Currently, ____ of all Americans are overweight or obese
    2/3
  53. Three different types of stressors are: ________, __________, ___________
    Environmental, Physiological, Emotional (or PsychoSocial)
  54. The "fight or flight" response occurs during the ________ stage of Seyle's General Adaptation Syndrome
    alarm
  55. _____ _____ is another name for Appraisal-Focused Coping
    Cognitive Restructuring
  56. Suzanne Sonneborn works at the _________ ____ __________ ________ & __________
    Office of Health Education & Promotion
  57. Define: Flexibility
    the amount of motion that is possible at a joint (or set of joints); component of health-related physical fitness; several factors affect one’s flexibility including anatomy, gender, genetics, age, and lack of use/misuse
  58. Define: National Weight Control Registry
    Largest, ongoing study of individuals who have lost weight (at least 30lbs) and kept it off for at least one year. A self-reported study that tracks lifestyle behaviors associated with sustained weight loss.
  59. Define: Weight Bias
    social stigma and/or negative attitude towards individuals or overweight/obese; subtle and overt discrimination based upon physical size
  60. Define: Stress vs. Stressor
    While stress is a nonspecific response of the body to any demand made on it (by a stressor), a stressor is the thing evokes a stress reaction (creates the extra demand)
  61. Define: Locus of control
    the extent to which we believe the outcomes are under our control (internal locus) or outside our personal control (external locus)

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