Bio_ RNA & protein synthesis.txt

Card Set Information

Author:
jtoner2009
ID:
190586
Filename:
Bio_ RNA & protein synthesis.txt
Updated:
2012-12-25 21:01:01
Tags:
rna
Folders:

Description:
bioooo
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user jtoner2009 on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. How are protiens made?
    By joining amino acids into long chains called polyptides
  2. What are polypeptides?
    Long chains of amino acids
  3. How is the type of protien determined?
    The order the amino acids are in
  4. What is the "language" of mRNA
    Genetic code
  5. What is a codon made out of?
    3 nucleotides
  6. What is the start codon that begins translation?
    AUG
  7. What stop codon that ends translation?
    AAU GAU AGU
  8. What is translation
    The decoding of the mRNA message
  9. Where does translation happen?
    The ribosome
  10. What are the three types of RNA
    • Messenger RNA
    • Ribosomal RNA
    • Transfer RNA
  11. Name the 4 differnt nitrogen bases
    • Adenine
    • Guanine
    • Uracil
    • Cytosine
  12. The diferrence between RNA and DNA
    • •RNA has a ribose sugar when DNA has a deoxiribose suger
    • •RNA is single stranded and DNA is two strands double helix
    • •RNA contains uracil instead of thymine
  13. What are the jobs of the three different types of RNA?
    • Messenger RNA- carries DNA sequence to the ribosome.
    • Ribosomal RNA- it joins the two ammino acids.
    • Transfer RNA- carries amino acid to the codon on mRNA
  14. What are the two man steps of protien synthesis?
    • Transcription- copying or transcribing the message from DNA
    • Translation- translating that message into the corect protien
  15. What information of the DNA is carried to the ribosomes in the mRNA that is produced
    Protien making (guidelines)
  16. What is the end result of translation?
    A gene

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview