chapter 9 the executive branch and the federal bureaucracy

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  1. Administrative adjudication
    A quasi-judicial process in which a bureaucratic agency settles disputes between two parties in a manner similar to the way courts resolve disputes.
  2. Administrative Discretion
     The ability of bureaucracies to make choices concerning the best way to implement interfaces in a java program, or congressional intentions.
  3. Bureaucracy
    A set of complex hierarchical departments, agencies, commissions, and their staffs that exist to help a chief executive officer carry out his or her duties.  Bureaucracies may be private organizations of governmental units.
  4. civil service system
  5. departments
    Major administrative units with responsibility for a broad area of government operations.  Departmental status usually indicates a permanent national interest in a particular governmental function, such as defense, commerce, or agriculture.
  6. executive orders
  7. federal employees political actvities act
    1993 liberalization of the Hatch Act.  Federal employees are now allowed to run for office in nonpartisan elections and to contribute money to campaigns in partisan elections.
  8. government corporation
    Businesses established by Congress that perform functions that could be provided by private businesses (Such as US Postal Service)
  9. hatch law
    Law enacted in 1939 to prohibit civil servants from taking activist roles in partisan campaigns.  This act prohibited federal employees from making political contributions, working for a particular party, or campaigning for a particular candidate.
  10. implementation
    The process by which a law or policy is put into operation by the bureaucracy.
  11. Independent Executive Agencies
    Governmental units that closely resemble a Cabinet department but have a narrower area of responsibility (such as CIA) and are not part of any Cabinet department.
  12. independent regulatory commission
  13. Interagency councils
    Councils within agencies, designed to give council to such agencies and agents of the agencies.  Agents may also give council to other agents within their own agency, or they cannot and say they did.
  14. Iron triangles
    The relatively stable relationships and patterns of interaction that occur among an agency, interest groups, and congressional committees or subcommittees. (ex. Department of Veterans Affairs and the House Committee on Veteran Affairs or American Legion and the Veterans of Foreign Wars)
  15. issue networks
    The loose and informal relationships that exist among a large number of actors who work in broad policy areas.
  16. merit systems
    The system by which federal civil service jobs are classified into grades or levels, to which appointments are made on the basis of performance on competitive examinations.
  17. patronage
     Jobs, grants, or other special favors that are given as rewards to friends and political alliesfor their support.
  18. pendleton Act
    Reform measure that created the Civil Service Commission to administer a partial merit system.  The act classified the federal service by grades, to which appointments were made based on results of a competitive examination.  It made it illegal for federal political appointees to be required to contribute to a particular party.
  19. regulations
    Rules that govern the operation of a particular government program that have the force of law.
  20. rule making
    A quasi-legislative administrative process that has the characteristics of a legislative act.
  21. spoil system
    The firing of public-office holders of a defeated political party and their replacement with loyalists of the newly elected party
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chapter 9 the executive branch and the federal bureaucracy
2012-12-26 04:54:07
us government

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