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  1. The Alphabetic Principles refers to...?
    AKA "graphophonemic awareness"

    the understanding that written words are composed of letters and groups of letters that represent the sounds of spoken words.

    • Alphabetic Understanding
    • Phonological Recording
  2. Alphabetic Understanding is ...?
    the knowledge that words are composed of letters that represent sounds.

    -a part of the Alphabetic Principle
  3. Phonological Recording is ...?
    The recognition of systematic relationships between letters and phonemes that allows one to retrieve the pronunciation of unknown printed words or to spell words.

    -a part of the Alphabetic Principle
  4. How many letters are in the Alphabet?

    How many speech sounds are there in the English Language?
    26 letters

    roughly 44 speech sounds
  5. Phonemic Awareness is ...?
    The ability to disconcern the phonemes in spoken language.

    • Examples:
    • dog = d/o/g = 3 phonemes
    • back = b/a/ck = 3 phonemes
  6. Florida's Reading Formula
    AKA: "Just Read, Florida"
    5 + 3 + ii + iii = No Child Left Behind

    • 5 = the 5 components of reading
    • 3 = the 3 types of assessments
    • ii = emphasis on initial instruction
    • iii = emphasis on immediate intensive intervention
  7. The "5" in Florida's Reading Formula represents:
    The 5 components of reading"

    • Phonemic Awareness - hear and ID sounds
    • Phonics - understand the relationship between sounds and letters
    • Fluency - ability to read accurately, quickly, and expressively
    • Vocabulary - words needed to communicate
    • Comprehension - understand what has been read
  8. The "3" in Florida's Reading Formula represents:
    The 3 types of reading assessments

    • Screening - ID strugglers early on
    • Diagnosis - ID skills needed to support the student
    • Progressive Monitoring - determine if instructional program is effective with the student
  9. The "ii" in FLorida's Reading Formula represents:
    an emphasis on initial instruction as the first line of defense against reading difficulties
  10. The"iii" in Florida's Reading Formula represents:
    an emphasis on the immediate intensive intervention for struggling readers
  11. The Phonics Method ...?
    emphasizes the association between the grapheme and the phoneme

    • The Speech Sound
    • The Written Symbol
  12. The two methods of Phonics instruction are:
    Analytic Phonics - phonics taught in context with actual materials

    Synthetic Phonics - phonics taught in isolation from meaningful books and worksheets
  13. Word Structure Method / Structural Analysis is ...?
    breaking a word into its parts, or syllables
  14. Essetial Rules for Structural Analysis
    • v/cv rule = (o-ven) oven
    • vc/cv rule = (sum-mer) summer
    • -le rule = at the end of a word the consonant goes with theĀ  le (pur-ple) purple
    • -ed rule = -ed forms a seperate syllable if it is before d or t (skid-ded) skidded
  15. Contextual Clues
    the use of picture clues and previously read materials to predict what word would make sense
  16. The three major Language Cues are:
    • Syntatic Cues
    • Morphemic Cues
    • Semantic Cues
  17. Syntatic Cues are ...
    the use of the rules that govern word order and placement in a sentence

    one of the major types of Language Cues

    • Example:
    • "Mary sees a ___." (I know the final word has to be an object)
  18. Morphemic Cues are...
    the use of the elements of words that contribute to their meaning

    one of the major types of Language Cues

    • Example:
    • Walked = the verb "walk" and the suffix "ed", which indicates a completed action

    -prefixes, suffixes, and where the word derived from (Latin,Greek,etc.)
  19. Semantic Cues are...?
    "hints within the sentence and/or broader passage that point to the meaning of a particular word

    • Example:
    • "Mary holds a ___." (I know the object must be small enough to be held)
  20. The 3 stages of Reading Development are:
    • Emergent Reading Stage - the major transition from speaking only to reading and writing as well
    • Developing Reading Stage - the child becomes more independent in reading/decoding words
    • Transitional Reading Stage - child usually has an instructional reading level and spends much time with independent-level materials
  21. The 5 Main Reading Strategies are:
    • Activating Prior Knowledge
    • Questioning
    • Visualizing
    • Drawing Inferences
    • Determining Important Ideas
Card Set:
2012-12-27 00:46:05
Language Arts Reading

Section 1.2
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