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The act or result of curving or bending
- Change in pitch or loudness of the voice
- She spoke with no inflection.
To touch the knee to the floor or ground esp in worship
T be severly obedient or respectful
They genuflected before the altar in the church.
To cause suffering or unhappiness; distress greatly
She is continually afflicted by/with headachess.
The disease afflicts an estimated two million people every year.
The south was afflicted by a severe drought.
Provision for or insight into future problems, needs, etc
Seeing ahead; knowing in advance; fore seeing
They had the foresight to invest the money wisely.
HIs career choice shows a lack of foresight.
To represent, indicate, or typify beforehand
Her early interest in airplanes foreshadowed her later career as a pilot.
To warn in advance
I should forewarn you before you come to visit that we have a dog.
Happening by chance, esp by a lucky chance; unplaned; accidental
You couldn't have arrived at a more fortuitous time.
The intensification of competition on the job market has only exacerbated our class anxiety, as hiring seems all the more uncertain if not fortuitous.
To break (a law etc) or interfere with (a person's freedom or rights)
They claim that this use of the name infringes their copyright.
Her rights must not be infringed.
The attainment or realization of something worked for or desired; fulfilment
When she landed the lead in a broadway play, a life long dream was brought to fruition.
These were dreams of long standing that had finally come to fruition.
Practising economy; living without waste; thrifty
Costing little; inexpensive; "a frugal lunch"
By being frugal, the family is able to stretch its monthly budget.
A begining or origin of anything
Was present at the meeting which was later considered the genesis of the new political movement.
With one's identity disguised or concealed
The quality or condition of being grand; magnificence
The world is charged with the grandeur of God.
Personal greatness esp when based on dignity, character, or accomplishments.
His paintings capture the beauty and grandeur of the landscape.
Impressive to an excessive or foolish degree
He produced several grandiose schemes for a holiday resort but no resort was ever built.
He was full of grandiose ideas.
Given unearned or without recompense
Not involving a return benefit, compensation; or consideration
- Costing nothing
- They will throw in a gratuitous box of chocolate when you spend $30 or more in their shop.
- Not called for by the circumstances
- The film was criticized for its gratuitous violence.
The act of reasoning backward
Movenment backward to a previouse and especially worse or more primitive state or condition.
Moving, occuring or performed in a backward direction
Tending toward or resulting in a worse or previouse state
Affecting memories of a period prior to a shock or seizure; "retrograde amnesia"
A retrograde policy that could leave more people poorer than they are now.
Involved in the constitution or essential character of something
Belonging by nature or habit
He has an inherent sense of fair play.
An inherent concept of justice.
Not in agreement with accepted beliefs, esp in church doctrine or dogma
Holding unorthodox opinions
A christian clergyman with a very heterodox opinion on the divinity of Jesus.
Her heterodox approach to teaching science initially met with some resistance from her peers.
A group of words prounced or spelt in the same way but having different meanings
The words 'there' and 'their' are homonyms.
Deviation from the normal or common order or form or rule
One that is peculiar, irregular, abnormal or difficult to classify
We couldn't explain the anomalies in the test results.
Her C grade is an anomaly, as shes never made anything except A's and B's before.
A figure of speech in which exaggeration is used for emphasis or effect, as in I could sleep for a year or this book weighs a ton.
Abnormally high blood pressure esp in the arteries.
(an instrument) used for injecting a drug under the skin "a hypodermic needle"
Of or relating to the region of the skin beneath the epidermis.
Being a hypocrite
It's hypocritical to say mean things behind someone's back, and then to act nice when you want something from her/his.
- Hypocrite = a person who puts on a false apperance of virtue or religion
- = a person who acts in contradiction to his or her stated beliefs or feelings
A manner of speaking that is natural to native speakers of a language
His mother passed away (=died) this morning.
A structural or behavioral characteristic peculiar to an individual or group.
An abnormal reaction of an individual to specific foods, drugs or other agents
Her habit of using "like" in every sentance was just one of her idiosyncracies.
Not expicit; implied; indirect
There was implicit criticism in his voice.
Absolute and unreserved; unquestioning
You have implicit trust in him.
Produced, growing, living or occuring naturally in a particular region or environment; native
There are several indigenous groups that still live in the area.
The culture of the indigenous people of that country.
Lacking flavor or zest; not tasty. "insipid food"
Lacking qualities that excite, stimulate, or interest, dull
The soup was rather insipid.