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What is coarctation of the aorta?
Pinching of the descending aorta at the ductus arteriosis junction
Ductus must be closed
What are the ECG findings for CaAo?
Needs to pump against a greater pressure (afterload)
Name 5 complications of CaAo:
Bicuspid AV (stenosis, regurg)
Spontaneous aortic dissection
What are the four main VSDs?
What are the ECG findings for ToFallot?
What ECG findings can be seen through a primum ASD?
1st Degree AV block
What ECG findings can be seen through a secundum ASD?
ECG findings of a large VSD?
What is the difference between an obligatory and dependent shunt?
Obligatory is also known as an atrio-ventricular septal defect - where there is cross over of blood all over depending on pressures
Dependent shunt is more one way flow from L-R for example
What can cause R-L shunting?
Pulmonary artery disease - Eisenmenger
Increases pressure in R heart above that of left
What is hypoplastic left heart syndrome?
Left heart doesnt thrive, and is small and unefficient
What are the ECG findings in Tricuspid Stenosis (Atresia)?
ECG findings in transposition of the great arteries?
ECG findings in Ebstein's Anomaly?
Peak P wave
Delta Wave (Always have pre-excitation - WPW Type B)
Small QRS voltages
What is Ebstein's Anomaly?
Deformed and displaced tricuspid valve