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What is Unified Land Operations (ULO)?
How the Army seizes, retains, and exploits the initiative to gain and maintain a position of relative advantage in sustained land operations through simultaneous offensive, defensive, and stability operations in order to prevent or deter conflict, prevail in war, and create the conditions for favorable conflict resolution.
What are the four foundations of ULO?
- Decisive Action
- Mission Command
- Army Core Competencies
What are the Army Core Competencies?
- Combined Arms Maneuver
- Wide Area Security
An Operational Environment (OE) is a composite of the conditions, circumstances, and influences that affect the employment of capabilities and bear on the decisions of the commander. (JP 3-0)
What are the Operational Variables (PMESII-PT)?
- Physical Environment
What are the Mission Variables (METT-TC)?
- Terrain & Weather
- Troops & Support Available
- Time Available
- Civil Considerations
What is a threat?
Any combination of actors, entities, or forces that have the capability and intent to harm United States forces, United States national interests, or the homeland.
What are the types of actors within an OE?
- Enemy: Force is authorized.
- Adversary: Favor the enemy.
- Neutral: Favor nobody.
- Friendly: Favor us.
What is Unified Action (UA)?
The synchronization, coordination, and/or integration of the activities of governmental and nongovernmental entities with military operations to achieve unity of effort. (JP 1)
What are Unified Action Partners?
Those military forces, governmental and nongovernmental organizations, and elements of the private sector with whom Army forces plan, coordinate, synchronize, and integrate during the conduct of operations.
What are the two types of coordination?
- Interagency: Among US government agencies
- Interorganizational: Outside the US government
What are Intergovernmental Organizations?
Organizations created by a formal agreement between two or more governments on a global, regional, or functional basis to protect and promote national interests shared by member states. (JP 3-08)
What is a Nongovernmental Organization?
A private, self-governing, not-for-profit organization dedicated to alleviating human suffering; and/or promoting education, health care, economic development, environmental protection, human rights, and conflict resolution; and/or encouraging the establishment of democratic institutions and civil society (JP 3-08).
What are the two types of Multinational Operations?
- Alliance: a formal agreement for broad, long-term objectives that further the common interests of the members.
- Coalition - arrangement for common action. usually for focused, short-term purposes.
What are the three types of civilian organizations?
IGO, NGO, and Other Government Agencies
What is the Army�s primary mission?
To organize, train, and equip forces to conduct prompt and sustained land combat operations.
What are the three tenets of Expeditionary Capability?
- Deploy rapidly worldwide with little notice.
- Conduct operations immediately on arrival.
- Shape the Operational Environment and follow on force mindset.
What are the three tenets of Campaign Quality?
- Sustain operations as long as needed for success.
- Adaptable to Operational changes.
- Includes post-combat operations.
What are the three components of land operations?
- Decisive operations
- Enabling operations
- Supporting operations
What the three main operational frameworks?
- Main-Supporting Efforts
What three things must be defined when determining an Area of Operations?
- Area of Operations (Close fight)
- Area of Influence (Close fight + Deep fight)
- Area of Interest (Deep fight)
What is Combined Arms?
The synchronized and simultaneous application of arms to achieve an effect greater than if each arm was used separately or sequentially.
What are Complimentary Capabilities?
Protect the capabilities of one system or organization�s weakness with another warfighting function.
What are Reinforcing Capabilities?
Combine similar systems and capabilities within the same warfighting function to increase capabilities.
What is Decisive Action?
The continuous, simultaneous combinations of offensive, defensive, and stability or defense support of civil authorities tasks.
What is Combined Arms Maneuver?
The application of the elements of combat power in unified action to defeat enemy ground forces; to seize, occupy, and defend land areas; and to achieve physical, temporal, and psychological advantages over the enemy to seize and exploit the initiative.
What are the six tenets of ULO?