Oliver Twiste 2013

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Oliver Twiste 2013
2013-02-02 17:46:57
English Vocabulary Oliver Twist Charles Dickens penguin readers

English Vocabulary
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  1. workhouse
    a building in Britain in the past where very poor people lived if they had nowhere else to go.
  2. pot
    a container used for cooking which is round, deep, and usually made of metal
  3. sketches
    a simple quickly made drawing that does not show much detail.
  4. eagerly
    very keen and excited about something that is going to happen or about something you want to do.
  5. parish
    British English a small area, especially a village, that has its own local government
  6. council
    a group of people that are chosen to make rules, laws, or decisions, or to give advice:
  7. income
    the money that you earn from your work or that you receive from investments, the government etc
  8. rushe into
    to do or decide something too quickly, especially so that you do not have time to do it carefully or well.
  9. readings
    books and other things that you can read
  10. pump
    a machine for forcing liquid or gas into or out of something water/air/beer etc pump(=for moving water, air etc)
  11. grief
    extreme sadness, especially because someone you love has died
  12. diner
    to eat dinner: He was dining with friends at the Ritz.
  13. idleness
    not working or producing anything # busy.
  14. apprentice
    someone who works for an employer for a fixed period of time in order to learn a particular skill or job: She works in the hairdresser's as an apprentice.
  15. murderously
     very dangerous and likely to kill people
  16. apprenticeship
    the job of being an apprentice, or the period of time in which you are an apprentice
  17. pickpockets
    someone who steals things from people's pockets, especially in a crowd
  18. fond of
    fond of (doing) something to like something, especially  something you have liked for a long time 
  19. greedy
    always wanting more food, money, power, possessions etc than you need.
  20. stamped
    to have an important or permanent effect on someone or something.
  21. stirring
    producing strong feelings or excitement in someone = rousing
  22. chancing
    not planned or expected [=accidental]
  23. tough
     difficult to do or deal with.
  24. leaning over
    to support yourself in a sloping position against a wall or other surface
  25. bottle-fed
    to feed a baby or young animal with milk from a bottle rather than from their mother's breast.
  26. bony
    someone or part of their body that is bony is very thin: She had a bony intelligent face. He was tall and bony.
  27. allowance
    an amount of money that you are given regularly or for a special purpose.
  28. worn-out
    someone or part of their body that is bony is very thin.
  29. cellar
    a room under a house or other building, often used for storing things.
  30. measurements
    the length, height etc of something.
  31. kind-hearted
    kind and generous: a kind-hearted gesture
  32. somewhat
    more than a little but not very.
  33. neat
    tidy and carefully arranged.
  34. bow
    to bend the top part of your body forward in order to show respect for someone important, or as a way of thanking an audience.
  35. lamplight
    the soft light produced by a lamp: Her eyes shone in the lamplight.
  36. hunger
    lack of food, especially for a long period of time, that can cause illness or death [=starvation]
  37. counter
    the place where you pay or are served in a shop, bank,  restaurant etc: He wondered if the girl behind the counter recognised him.
  38. contemptuously
    showing that you think someone or something deserves no respect.
  39. walking up
    to move forward by putting one foot in front of the other:
  40. out-of-work
    unemployed: out-of-work actors He's been out of work for six months.
  41. stuck on
    to attach something to something else using a substance, or to become attached to a surface stick something on/to/in etc something
  42. tablecloth
    a cloth used for covering a table
  43. walking up
    to move forward by putting one foot in front of the other
  44. reddened
    to become red, or to make something red.
  45. strangest-looking
    unusual or surprising, especially in a way that is difficult to explain or understand [=odd]
  46. tired out
    to make someone very tired: All that walking tired me out.
  47. nearby
    not far away: Lucy was staying in the nearby town of Hamilton.
  48. all in all
    used to show that you are considering every part of a situation: All in all, it had been one of the most miserable days of Henry's life.
  49. thus
    as a result of something that you have just mentioned: Most of the evidence was destroyed in the fire. Thus it would be almost impossible to prove him guilty.In spoken English it is more usual to use so.
  50. assurance
    a promise that something will definitely happen or is definitely true, made especially to make someone less worried.
  51. keyhole
    the hole in a lock that you put the key in: I peeped through the keyhole and watched them.
  52. objected
    to state a fact or opinion as a reason for opposing or disapproving of something
  53. drew himself up to his full height
    to stand up very straight because you are angry or determined about something: He drew himself up and said, 'This has gone far enough'.
  54. sorting
    to deal with a situation so that all the problems are solved and everything is organized.
  55. meat
    the flesh of animals and birds eaten as food: I gave up eating meat a few months ago.
  56. handkerchiefs
    a piece of cloth that you use for drying your nose or eyes [=hankie]
  57. bruised
    if part of your body bruises or if you bruise part of your body, it gets hit or hurt and a bruise appears: She fell off her bike and bruised her knee.
  58. standing over
    o stand very close behind someone and watch as they work to make sure they do nothing wrong: I can't concentrate with him standing over me like that.
  59. scattered over
    if someone scatters a lot of things, or if they scatter, they are thrown or dropped over a wide area in an irregular way
  60. thick
    if something is thick, there is a large distance or a larger  distance than usual between its two opposite surfaces or sides
  61. contempt
    a feeling that someone or something is not important and deserves no respect .
  62. dividing
    if something divides, or if you divide it, it separates into two or more parts.
  63. pour out
    if you pour out your thoughts, feelings etc, you tell someone all about them, especially because you feel very unhappy: She poured out all her troubles to him.
  64. seaated
    if someone is seated, they are sitting down.
  65. pursued
    to chase or follow someone or something, in order to catch them, attack them
  66. clay
    a type of heavy sticky earth that can be used for making pots, bricks etc.
  67. milestone
    a stone next to a road that shows the distance in miles to the next town.
  68. greed
    to be the first thing you see or hear when you arrive somewhere.
  69. lad
    British English old-fashioned or informal a boy or young man
  70. cheerful
    happy, or behaving in a way that shows you are happy.
  71. stiff
    if someone or a part of their body is stiff, their muscles hurt and it is difficult for them to move.
  72. lid
    a cover for the open part of a pot, box, or other container.
  73. set out
    to start a journey, especially a long journey.
  74. rubbed
    to move your hand, or something such as a cloth, backwards and forwards over a surface while pressing firmly.
  75. doorstep
    a step just outside a door to a house or building.
  76. miser
    someone who is not generous and does not like spending money.
  77. producing
    to make something or bring something into existence: France produces a great deal of wine for export.
  78. snuff-box
    a type of tobacco in powder form, which people breathe in through their noses: a snuff box  (= a small box used to keep snuff in)
  79. buttoning
    also button up to fasten clothes with buttons or to be fastened with buttons: Sam, make sure Nina buttons up her jacket.
  80. stepped on his toes
    to bring your foot down on something[=tread British English]
  81. pin
    a small thin piece of metal with a point at one end, especially used for temporarily holding pieces of cloth together: I'll keep the trouser patch in place with pins while I sew it on.
  82. playful
    intended to be fun rather than serious, or showing that you are having fun
  83. stroking
    to move your hand gently over something.
  84. approvingly
    showing support or agreement for something ≠ disapproving.
  85. pace
    the speed at which someone or something moves, or with which something happens or changes: When she thought she heard someone following her, she quickened her pace.
  86. powdered
    in the form of a powder or covered with a powder: Shall I put some powdered milk in your coffee?
  87. hardly
    only just; almost not:  I could hardly hear he: r at the back.
  88. sharply
    quickly and suddenly: Inflation has risen/fallen sharply.
  89. appear
    If you appear in court, you are there officially because you are involved in a trial.
  90. swear him in
    When someone is sworn in, they make a formal promise to be honest or loyal, either because they are in a law court or because they are starting a new official job
  91. turn out
    to force someone to leave: He was turned out of his flat because he couldn't pay the rent.
  92. kind-hearted
    A kind-hearted person is one who likes other people a lot and always wants to help them.
  93. bench
    a long, usually hard, seat for two or more people, often found in public places, or a long table for working on: a park bench (= a seat in a public garden), a work bench (= a table for working at)
  94. newcomer
    someone who has recently arrived in a place or recently become involved in an activity: We've lived here for 15 years, but we're relative newcomers to the village.
  95. growled
    to make a low rough sound, usually in anger: The dog growled at her and snapped at her ankles.
  96. motherly
    describes a woman who treats other people with a lot of  kindness and love and tries to make certain they are happy
  97. gentle
    calm, kind or soft: a gentle smile He's very gentle with his kids.
  98. deal
    an agreement or an arrangement, especially in business: a business deal; The unions and management have made a two-year pay and productivity deal.
  99. recovery
    the process of getting back something lost, especially health, ability, possessions, etc
  100. warmth
    (noun) having or producing a comfortably high temperature, although not hot.
  101. statement
    something that someone says or writes officially, or an action done to express an opinion.
  102. lame
    (especially of animals) not able to walk correctly because of physical injury to or weakness in the legs or feet
  103. thick
    having a large distance between two sides.
  104. twisting (twist)
    to turn something, especially repeatedly, or to turn or wrap one thing around another. If you twist a part of your body, such as your ankle, you injure it by suddenly turning it .
  105. holding out (hold out)
    to continue to defend yourself against an enemy or attack without being defeated.
  106. peel
    to remove the skin of fruit and vegetables.
  107. smoothly
    having a surface or substance which is perfectly regular and has no holeslumps or areas that rise or fall suddenly
  108. sideways
    in a direction to the left or right, not forwards or backwards.
  109. fetch them down
    to go to another place to get something or someone and bring them back.
  110. somehow
    in a way or by some means which is not known or not stated.
  111. at longest
    at very long time.
  112. banging
    to (cause something to) make a sudden very loud noise or noises
  113. latter
    near or towards the end of something.
  114. greedy
    wanting a lot more food, money, etc. than you need.
  115. likely
    describes something that will probably happen or is expected.
  116. locked up
    to put someone in a prison or a hospital for people who are mentally ill.
  117. former
    of or in an earlier time; before the present time or in the past.
  118. sooner
    (no sooner ...than) - used to show that one thing happens immediately after another thing: No sooner had I started mowing the lawn than it started raining.
  119. went unheard
    (go unheard) - to not be listened to or considered.
  120. run up
    (of people and some animals) to move along, faster than walking, by taking quick steps in which each foot is lifted before the next foot touches the ground.
  121. nailed
    to fasten something with nails .
  122. nightcap
    a type of hat made from soft cloth and worn in bed, especially in the past.
  123. hand it over
    to give something to someone else.
  124. lecture
    a formal talk on a serious or specialist subject given to a group of people, especially student.
  125. remarked
    to give a spoken statement of an opinion or thought.
  126. soft-hearted
    kind and often feeling sympathy for other people.
  127. ungratefulness
    (gratitude) - the feeling or quality of being grateful.
  128. muddy
    covered by or containing mud (= wet, sticky earth).
  129. rubbing
    to press or be pressed against something with a circular or up and down repeated movement .
  130. fortnight
    a period of two weeks.
  131. daybreak
    the period in the day when light from the sun begins to appear in the sky dawn (EARLY MORNING)
  132. overcome
    to defeat or succeed in controlling or dealing with something.
  133. spare
    to prevent someone from having to experience something unpleasant.
  134. went over
    to examine or look at something in a careful or detailed way.
  135. comes over
    to seem to be a particular type of person: I watched the  nterview and felt he came over as  quite arrogant.
  136. eyed
    to look at someone or something with interest:  I could see her eyeing my lunch.
  137. bruises
    an injury or mark where the skin has not been broken but is darker in colour, often as a result of being hit by something.
  138. lamb
    a young sheep, or the flesh of a young sheep eaten as meat.
  139. bullet
    a small, metal object that is shot from a gun.
  140. dull
    not clear, bright or shiny; dark.
  141. lanes
    a narrow road in the countryside or in a town
  142. mist
    thin fog produced by very small drops of water collecting in the air just above an area of ground or water.
  143. robbery
    the crime of stealing from somewhere or someone.
  144. crack
    a sudden loud sound.
  145. parting
    done while leaving or separating.
  146. tinker
    especially in the past, a person who travelled from place to place, repairing pans or other metal containers.
  147. bullet
    a small, metal object that is shot from a gun.
  148. dull
    not clear, bright or shiny; dark.
  149. lanes
    a narrow road in the countryside or in a town.
  150. mist
    thin fog produced by very small drops of water collecting in the air just above an area of ground or water.
  151. robbery
    the crime of stealing from somewhere or someone.
  152. crack
    a sudden loud sound.
  153. parting
    done while leaving or separating.
  154. tinker
    especially in the past, a person who travelled from place to place, repairing pans or other metal containers
  155. scretched out
    to lie with your legs and arms spread out in a relaxed way: I just want to get home and stretch out on the sofa.lie with your legs and arms spread out in a relaxed way: I just want to get home and stretch out on the sofa.
  156. clay
    thick, heavy soil that is soft when wet, and hard when dry or baked, used for making bricks and containers.
  157. speechless
    unable to speak because you are so angry, shocked, surprised, etc.
  158. called out
    to say something loudly.
  159. busied (busy yourself)
    to make the time pass by doing something.
  160. housebreaker
    a person who illegally enters a house in order to steal something.
  161. chase
    to hurry after someone or something in order to catch them.
  162. barrel
    the long part of a gun that is shaped like a tube.
  163. remarked
    to give a spoken statement of an opinion or thought  [+ (that)] Dr Johnson once remarked (that) "When a man is tired of  London, he is tired of life." [+ that] He remarked that she was looking thin.
  164. slight
    small in amount or degree: a slight improvement.
  165. favour
    to  give an advantage to someone or something, in an unfair way: A strong wind will favour the bigger boats.
  166. harden
    o become or make hard:  The mixture hardens as it cools.  It is thought that high cholesterol levels in the blood can  harden the arteries(=make them thicker and stiffer,  ausing disease).
  167. staircase
    a set of stairs inside a building usually with a bar fixed on the  wall or onto vertical poles at the side for you to hold on to:  She descended the sweeping (=long and wide)staircase into the crowd of photographers and journalists.
  168. waterside
    an area of land near a river, lake or sea: They're building a new sports complex on the waterside. a waterside café
  169. upright
    straight up or vertical Please return your seat to an upright position and fasten your belt.
  170. folded
    to wrap:  She folded her baby in a blanket.  He folded his arms around her.
  171. fit
    to be suitable for something: With her qualifications, she should fit the job perfectly. Let the punishment fit the crime.
  172. fetched out
    to pull something out of something.
  173. praise
    to express admiration or approval about the achievements or characteristics of a person or thing:  He should be praised for his honesty.
  174. gunpowder
    an explosive mixture of substances in the form of a powder, used for making explosive devices and fireworks.
  175. employ
    to have someone work or do a job for you and pay them for it.
  176. fortnight
    a period of two weeks.
  177. dustiness
    (in noun) the quality, state or character of dusty
  178. gathered
    to collect several things, often from different places or people
  179. latter
    near or towards the end of something.
  180. keenly
    very interested, eager or wanting (to do) something very much.
  181. earning
    the money that you receive for the work that you do.
  182. steaming
    if something steams, steam rises from it, especially because it is hot.
  183. strong-willed
    to try to make something happen y thinking about it very hard.
  184. throw off his guard
    surprise someone by doing something that they are not ready to deal with.
  185. plainly
    in a way that is easy to understand o recognize.
  186. waterside
    the area at the edge of a lake, riber, etc.
  187. mouthful
    an amount of food or drink that you put into your mouth at one time.
  188. dull
    not bright and with lot of clouds.
  189. headed towards
    to go or travel towards a particular place, especially in a deliberate way.
  190. bordering
    to be next to and have a border with another country: Swaziland borders South Africa and Mozambique. bordering adjective  bordering countries/counties.
  191. unwillingly
    be unwilling (to do sth) to be unhappy (not willing) to do something if it is needed – Op. willing
  192. cast
    to send light or shadow (= an area of darkness) in a particular direction: The moon cast a white light into the room.
  193. crossly
    annoyed or angry
  194. coolly
    in a way hat is not friendly or enthusiastic.
  195. counted out
    to count coins or notes one by one as you put them down: She counted out five crisp new $100 bills.
  196. pushed over
    to push someone or something so that they fall to the ground.
  197. gather up
    gather (up) strength/courage to prepare to make a great effort to be strong or brave: I spent a week gathering the courage to say no.
  198. drew
    verb /druː/Definition past simple of draw