Anatomy II Test 3

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studytaz
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190985
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Anatomy II Test 3
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2013-01-10 21:52:49
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Aorta it Branches
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Anatomy II Test 3 Aorta & it's Branches
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  1. It BEGINS at the Left Ventricle of the Heart and ENDS at the bifurcation (splits into two) of the inferior end of the Abdominal Aorta
    THE AORTA
  2. THE AORTA ENDS at the bifurcation (splits into two) of the inferior end of the Abdominal Aorta where it becomes the
    Right and Left Common Iliac Arteries.
  3. 4 Divisions of the Aorta:
    • 1- Ascending
    • 2- Arch
    • 3- Descending Thoracic
    • 4- Abdominal
  4. Ascending Aorta: (2 Branches)
    Coronary Arteries (1 pair Right & Left) - to the heart muscle.
  5. 2 Branches to the heart muscle.
    Coronary Arteries (1 pair Right & Left)
  6. Arch of the Aorta: (3 Branches - learn in order)
    • 1- Brachiocephalic Trunk (or Brachiocephalic A. or Innominate A.)
    • 2- Left Common Carotid A.
    • 3- Left Subclavian A.
  7. Branches to right upper extremity and right side of head and neck.
    Brachiocephalic Trunk (or Brachiocephalic A. or Innominate A.)
  8. Branches to left side of head and neck.
    Left Common Carotid A.
  9. Branches to left upper extremity.
    Left Subclavian A.
  10. Parietal & Visceral Branches
    Descending Thoracic Aorta
  11. Descending Thoracic Aorta
    Parietal Branches: (3 Kinds)
    • Posterior Intercostal Aa. (9 pairs)
    • Subcostal Aa. (1 pair)
    • Superior Phrenic Aa. (1 pair)
  12. Branches to rib spaces 3-11.
    Posterior Intercostal Aa. (9 pairs)
  13. Branches to area below last ribs.
    Subcostal Aa. (1 pair)
  14. Branches to top side of diaphragm.
    Superior Phrenic Aa. (1 pair)
  15. Descending Thoracic Aorta
    Visceral Branches: (3 Kinds)
    • Esophageal Aa. (several pairs)
    • Bronchial Aa. (several pairs)
    • Pericardial Aa. (several pairs)
  16. Branches to esophagus (throat).
    Esophageal Aa. (several pairs)
  17. Branches to bronchi and the lungs.
    Bronchial Aa. (several pairs)
  18. Branches to pericardial sac (NOT the heart).
    Pericardial Aa. (several pairs)
  19. Descending Thoracic Aorta: (Parietal & Visceral)
    • Parietal Branches: (3 Kinds)
    •    Posterior Intercostal Aa. (9 pairs)
    •    Subcostal Aa. (1 pair)
    •    Superior Phrenic Aa. (1 pair)
  20. Visceral Branches: (3 Kinds)
    •    Esophageal Aa. (several pairs)
    •    Bronchial Aa. (several pairs)
    •    Pericardial Aa. (several pairs)
  21. Abdominal Aorta (3 Branches)
    • Parietal
    • Paired Visceral
    • Unpaired Visceral
  22. Abdominal Aorta
    Parietal Branches: (3 Kinds)
    • Inferior Phrenic Aa. (1 pair)
    • Lumbar Aa. (4 pairs)
    • Mid-Sacral A. (unpaired)
  23. Branches to underside of diaphragm.
    Inferior Phrenic Aa. (1 pair)
  24. Branches to small of the back.
    Lumbar Aa. (4 pairs)
  25. Branches to area near the tail-bone.
    Mid-Sacral A. (unpaired)
  26. Abdominal Aorta
    Paired Visceral Branches: (3 Kinds)
    • Suprarenal (or Adrenal) Aa. (1 pair)
    • Renal Aa. (1 pair)
    • Gonadal (or Ovarian or Testicular) Aa. (1 pair)
  27. Branches to suprarenal (or adrenal) glands.
    Suprarenal (or Adrenal) Aa. (1 pair)
  28. Branches to kidneys.
    Renal Aa. (1 pair)
  29. Branches to the sex glands.
    Gonadal (or Ovarian or Testicular) Aa. (1 pair)
  30. Abdominal Aorta
    Unpaired Visceral Branches: (3 Vessels)
    • Celiac Trunk (or Celiac Axis or Celiac Artery)
    • Superior Mesenteric Artery
    • Inferior Mesenteric Artery
  31. Branches to Stomach, Liver, Gall Bladder, Spleen, Pancreas, and part of the Small Intestine (Duodenum).
    Celiac Trunk (or Celiac Axis or Celiac Artery)
  32. Branches to remainder of the Small Intestine (Jejunum and Ileum) and the first half of the Large Intestine (Caecum, Ascending Colon, and Transverse Colon).
    Superior Mesenteric Artery
  33. Branches to the terminal portion (or the last half) of the Large Intestine (Descending Colon, Sigmoid Colon, Rectum, and Anus).
    Inferior Mesenteric Artery
  34. Branch of the arch of aorta providing blood supply to the right upper extremity.
    • Brachiocephalic Trunk
    • Brachiocephalic Artery
    • Innominate (No Name) Artery
  35. Number of branches associated with the ascending aorta.
    2
  36. Chamber of the heart where systemic circulation ends.
    Rt Atrium
  37. Chamber of the heart where pulmonary circulation begins.
    Rt Ventricle
  38. Another name for the right atrio‑ventricular valve. 
    Tri-Cuspid
  39. Another name for the left atrio‑ventricular valve.
    • Mitral
    • Bi-cuspid
  40. The "pacemaker" of the heart is also called _____.
    SA Node
  41.  "Wall" dividing the thoracic from the abdominal cavities.
    Diaphragm
  42.  The portion of the blood that is about 95% water.
    Plasma
  43.  Blood cells make up approximately _____% of the blood volume.
    45%
  44. The blood cells responsible for clotting are called _____.
    • Thrombocytes
    • Platelets
  45. The union of the distal ends of two arteries is called _____. 
    Anastamosis
  46. Blood vessels that carry the blood in the general direction towards the heart.
    Veins
  47. The blood cells responsible for fighting‑off infections. 
    • Leukocytes
    • WBCs
  48. The blood cells which contain hemoglobin.
    • Erythrocytes
    • RBCs
  49. Vessel entering the heart that drains the abdomen and the lower extremities.
    Inferior Vena Cava
  50. The branch of the abdominal aorta providing the blood supply to the kidney. 
    • Visceral Branch
    • Renal Arteries
  51. The number of vessels associated with the right atrium of the heart.
    3
  52. The 2nd branch of the arch of the aorta is called _____.
    Left Common Carotid Artery
  53. The term which means, the study of blood.
    hemology
  54. The contraction phase of the cardiac cycle.
    Systolic
  55. The outer layer of an artery or vein is called the tunica _____.
    • Externa
    • Adventitia
  56. Name 1 (one) visceral unpaired branch of the abdominal aorta.
    • Celiac Trunk (or Celiac Axis or Celiac Artery)
    • Superior Mesenteric Artery
    • Inferior Mesenteric Artery
  57. Name 1 (one) parietal branch of the descending thoracic aorta.
    • Posterior Intercostal Aa. (9 pairs)
    • Subcostal Aa. (1 pair)
    • Superior Phrenic Aa. (1 pair)
  58. The minute tendinous chords connecting the atrio‑ventricular valves of the heart to the papillary muscles.
    Chordae Tendonae
  59.  The action of blood cells escaping the vascular system by passing through the walls of the capillaries is called:
    Diapedesis
  60. The branch of the abdominal aorta providing the blood supply to the stomach, spleen, liver, gall bladder and pancreas.
    Celiac Trunk (or Celiac Axis or Celiac Artery)
  61. The normal pH of blood is _____(a number).
    7.3-7.4
  62.  The name of the individual credited with the discovery of the circulation of blood.
    William Harvey
  63. The middle layer of the wall of the heart is called _____.
    Myocardium
  64. The process by which a blood cell surrounds, engulfs and destroys foreign substances:
    Phagocytosis
  65. The system of the body which deals with the blood, heart, arteries, veins, and lymphatics is called _____.
    Circulatory System
  66.  The innermost layer of an artery or vein is made up of this type of basic (elemental) body tissue.
    Epithelial
  67.  Blood type _____ is said to be the universal donor.
    O
  68. The term visceral refers to _____.
    Organs
  69.  The 3rd branch of the arch of the aorta is called _____.
    Left Sublcavian Artery
  70. The aorta terminates by bifurcating into the _____.
    Lt & Rt Common Iliac Arteries
  71. The muscle layer of the heart is called _____.
    Myocardium
  72. The posterior intercostal arteries are branches of this vessel.
    Parietal Branch of the Descending Thoracic Aorta
  73. Arteries have three layers in their walls while arterioles have _____.
    2
  74. Name 1 (one) visceral paired branch of the abdominal aorta.
    • Suprarenal (or Adrenal) Aa. (1 pair)
    • Renal Aa. (1 pair)
    • Gonadal (or Ovarian or Testicular) Aa. (1 pair)
  75. Name 1 (one) visceral branch of the descending thoracic aorta.
    • Esophageal Aa. (several pairs)
    • Bronchial Aa. (several pairs)
    • Pericardial Aa. (several pairs)
  76. Name 1 (one) parietal branch of the abdominal aorta.
    • Inferior Phrenic Aa. (1 pair)
    • Lumbar Aa. (4 pairs)
    • Mid-Sacral A. (unpaired)
  77. Name 1 (one) visceral branch of the ascending aorta.
    Lt & Rt Coronary Arteries
  78. The region immediately inferior to the hypochondriac region of the abdomen.
    Lumbar
  79. The position with the body standing erect, facing the observer, and the hands at the side with the palms facing the observer is said to be the _____.
    Anatomical Position

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