gre vocab a-c.txt

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gre vocab a-c.txt
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GRE Vocab (A-C)
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  1. Abate (verb)
    To lessen in intensity or degree. 

    Although she filed her tax returns late, Mary hoped the IRS would abate the penalties

    S: decrease
  2. Aberrant (adjective)
    Deviating from the norm. 

    The child is usually well-mannered; sticking out her tongue was aberrant behavior. 

    S: abnormal, deviant, anomalous
  3. Abjure
    To renounce or reject solemnly. 

    I had not choice but to abjure my allegiance to the organization after the chairman appointed his underqualified friends to the board. 

    S: recant
  4. Abrogate (verb)
    Repeal; revoke

    Activists launched a statewide campaign to abrogate the death penalty. 

    S: annul
  5. Abscission (noun)
    Act of cutting off or removing. 

    Dr. Carter recommended an immediate abscission of the abcess. 

    S: Abscise
  6. Abscond (verb)
    To depart clandestinely; to steal off and hide. 

    Doug was left penniless when the 2 con men absconded with his life savings.
  7. Abstemious (adjective)
    Eating and drinking in moderation

    Studies have shown that abstemious people live longer, but I love cheesecake too much to moderate my intake. 

    S: Self-restrained.
  8. Accolade (noun)
    An expression of praise. 

    The speeches at Sue's retirement dinner were filled with accolades for her achievements. 

    S: kudos
  9. Accretion (noun)
    Growth, increase by successive addition, building up. 

    The accretion of dirt has changed the color of the kitchen floor from white to brown. 
  10. Acerbic (adjective)
    Having a sour or bitter taste or character. 

    The child was so adorable that even the acerbic old man had to smile

    S: acrid
  11. Acumen (noun)
    Quick, keen, or accurate knowledge or insight. 

    Her business acumen led her to invest in new companies just before they launched successful products. 

    S: shrewdness, perspicacity
  12. Admonish (verb)
    To reprove; to express warning or disapproval. 

    Adam admonished his son for tracking mud into the house. 

    S: caution
  13. Adroit (adjective)
    Adept; dexterous.

    The adroit watchmaker carefully repaired my grandfather's shattered pocket watch. 

    S: skillful
  14. Adulation (noun)
    Excessive praise; intense adoration. 

    The young girl's adulation of the pop singer irritated her older brothers. 

    S: idolization
  15. Adulterate (verb)
    To reduce purity by combining with inferior ingredients. 

    Some people believe that cream and sugar adulterate coffee. 

    S: taint, debase
  16. Adumbrate (verb)
    To foreshadow vaguely, intimate, suggest, or outline sketchily. 

    The first volume of the trilogy only adumbrates the basics of the story. 
  17. Advocate (verb)
    To argue for or support a cause. 

    He advocated the bill before anyone else got on board. 
  18. Aesthetic (adjective)
    Dealing with , appreciative of, or responsive to art or beauty. 

    Elena enjoys the aesthetic qualities of great works of literature. 

    S: artistic.
  19. Aggrandize (verb)
    To increase in intensity, power, or prestige. 

    The Romans aggrandized their influence through the use of military tactics. 

    S: strengthen, exalt. 
  20. Alacrity (noun)
    Eager and enthusiastic willingness. 

    The alacrity with which students headed for the door when the bell rang was a sure indication that the class was boring. 

    S: eagerness, enthusiasm, readiness. 
  21. Alchemy (noun)
    A medieval science aimed at the transmutation of metals, especially base metals, into gold. 

    Although alchemy never produced its intended results, it led to advances in industries like metal refining and manufacturing. 

    S: sorcery
  22. Alloy (verb)
    To commingle; to debase by mixing with something inferior. 

    Alloying the punch with prune juice turned out not to be such a good idea after all. 

    S: adulterate
  23. Amalgamate (verb)
    To combine several elements into a whole. 

    The law allows two or more small companies to amalgamate into one large corporation. 

    S: unite
  24. Ambivalence (noun)
    The quality of having opposing ideas or feelings. 

    Her ambivalence about the job offer was apparent; she'd be making better money, but she'd have to move. 
  25. Ameliorate (verb)
    To make better or more tolerable. 

    All attempts to ameliorate the relationship between the two adversaries seemed futile. 
  26. Amenable (adjective)
    Agreeable; responsive to suggestion. 

    Even investment banks, which traditionally resist restraints, are now amenable to some regulations. 

    S: acquiescent
  27. Anachronistic (adjective)
    Out of place in terns of historical or chronological context. 

    The movie, set in ancient Rome, was criticized for its use of exploding projectiles, wine glasses, and other anachronistic props. 

    S: misplaced.
  28. Anathema (noun)
    A solemn or ecclesiastical (religious) curse; a cursed or thoroughly loathed person or thing. 

    When the soccer player's bribery scandal came to light, the signed jersey the fan once had treasured became anathema to him. 

    S: detested thing
  29. Anodyne (adjective)
    Soothing. 

    Don't you agree that nothing is quite so anodyne as a long soak in a bubble bath?
  30. Anomaly (noun)
    Deviation from the normal order, form, or rule; abnormality

    It was an anomaly that I got a D on that quiz, because my grades are usually excellent. 

    S: abnormaltiy, aberration, peculiarity
  31. Antagonize (verb)
    To irritate or cause hostility

    Alonzo constantly antagonized his younger sister by stealing her lunch money. 
  32. Antipathy (noun)
    Aversion; dislike.

    I know my antipathy toward lawyers isn't fair, but I can't help thinking the worst of every one I meet. 

    S: abhorrence
  33. Antithetical (adjective)
    Diametrically opposed; as in antithesis. 

    She quit her position as press secretary when she realized that her views on civil rights were antithetical to the senator's. 

    S: opposite
  34. Apocryphal (adjective)
    Of dubious authenticity or origin; spurious. 

    The apocryphal story about the origins of the school mascot is clearly a legend. 

    S: questionable
  35. Apogee (noun)
    Farthest or highest point; culmination; zenith. 

    Winning the Pulitzer Prize was an affirmation that the journalist was at the apogee of her career. 

    S; Summit
  36. Apostate (noun)
    One who abandons long-held or religious or political convictions

    The senator was branded an apostate after he switched political parties midterm. 

    S: defector
  37. Apotheosis (noun)
    Deification; supreme example. 

    With the face that launched a thousand ships, Helen of Troy was said to be the apotheosis of female beauty. 

    S: glorification. 
  38. Apposite (adjective)
    Appropriate; pertinent; relevant. 

    The lawyer argued that the witness's testimony was apposite to the case. 

    S: suitable.
  39. Apprise (verb)
    To give notice to; to inform. 

    Be sure to apprise the security officers that you will be visiting the site so they don't think you are a trespasser. 

    S: notify. 
  40. Approbation (noun)
    An expression of approval or praise.

    The civil rights leader's most recent speech to her supporters was received with great approbation. 

    S: admiration, esteem. 
  41. Appropriate (verb)
    To take for one' own use; confiscate

    As they passed through the town, both armies appropriated housing, food and ammunition. 
  42. Arcane (adjective)
    Mysterious; esoteric. 

    Arcane vocabulary words are a source of great frustration for many GRE test-takers. 

    S: inscrutable. 
  43. Archaic (adjective)
    Outdated; associated with an earlier, perhaps more primitive time.

    In the current age of cell-phones, many are treating landline telephones as archaic forms of technology. 

    S: antiquated. 
  44. Arduous (adjective)
    Strenuous, taxing, requiring significant effort. 

    Learning new vocab words is an arduous task. 
  45. Arrant (adjective)
    Impudent; recklessly bold, bare-faced. 

    Don Juan's arrant philandering made him a legend. 

    S: arrogant, insolent. 
  46. Arabesque (noun)
    A complex, ornate design; also a dance position. 

    The highly valuable picture frame was covered with arabesques, including gold-leaf animals, plants, and fruits. 

    S: ornamentation. 
  47. Artless (adjective)
    Completely without guile; unsophisticated. 

    A few unscrupulous people took advantage of the artless owner of the antique shop. 

    S: naive, genuine
  48. Artful (adjective)
    Deceitful, with guile

    The Artful Dodger was a cunning pickpocket in Dickens' Oliver Twist
  49. Ascetic (noun)
    Someone practicing in self-denial

    The ascetic tried to convince others that there was virtue in the denial of worldly goods. 

    S: Spartan
  50. Asperity (noun)
    Severity, rigor; roughness, harshness, acrimony, irritability. 

    The asperity of a northern winter can lead to serious depression. 
  51. Aspersion (noun)
    An act of defamation or maligning. 


    The hot-headed candidate cast aspersions on his opponent's honesty. 

    S: slander. 
  52. Assay (verb)
    To put to a test. 

    Her ability to quickly assay a situation and find a solution is what makes her a great manager and troubleshooter 

    S: assess
  53. Assiduous (adjective)
    Diligent; hard-working. 

    The internet has made research so easy that the gap between the assiduous student and the lackadaisical student is harder to discern. 

    S: devoted. 
  54. Assuage (verb)
    To ease or lessen; to appease or pacify. 

    Shining a flashlight under the bed helped to assuage the child's fears of a monster lurking there. 

    S: alleviate, allay, soothe. 
  55. Astringent (adjective)
    Biting; severe. 

    After hearing the director's astringent criticism of his performance, the actor stormed out of the theater. 

    S: harsh
  56. Attenuate (verb)
    • To weaken or make thinner. 
    • Economic hardships have attenuated the value of the dollar, making it much more expensive for Americans to travel in Europe. 

    S: rarefy
  57. Atrophy (verb)
    To waste away or deteriorate.

    Kate's leg has been in a cast for weeks, and her muscles are starting to atrophy from lack of use. 

    S: wither. 
  58. Audacious (adjective)
    Daring and fearless; recklessly bold. 

    The candidate made the audacious claim that his rival had mismananged public funds. 

    S: impudent, foolhardy
  59. Augury (noun)
    Omen; portent; predicting the future

    The smooth test-run of the new software was a favorable augury of the product's success

    S; indication
  60. August (adjective)
    Majestic, venerable. 

    The august presence of the pharoahs endures through the millennia. 
  61. Auspices (noun)
    Protection or support; patronage. 

    SInce my project falls under the auspices of the Department of Homeland Security, I no longer have to wait in airport lines. 

    S: patronage. 
  62. Auspicious (adjective)
    Favorable

    The cost of failure is too great, so we must wait for the most auspicious moment to strike. 

    S: propitious
  63. Austere (adjective)
    Without adornment; bare; severely simple; ascetic. 

    The building's austere facade gave no indication of the rich ornamentation inside. 
  64. Avarice (noun)
    Greed, especially for wealth. 

    The investor's avarice led her to make risky moves to increase her already sizable fortune. 

    S: acquisitiveness
  65. Aver (verb)
    To state as a fact; to confirm or support. 

    The court records show that the witness averred that she saw the defendant at the scene of the crime. 

    S: assert, affirm. 
  66. Axiom (noun)
    A universally recognized principle, a generally accepted or common saying. 

    It is an axiom of the American legal system that one is innocent until proven guilty. 

    S: idiom, colloquialism. 
  67. Baleful (adjective)
    Sinister, ominous 

    The set director created a baleful scene of a dark, dirty alley on a rainy night. 

    S: threatening. 
  68. Bane (adjective)
    Cause of injury, source of harm; source of persistent frustration. 

    Even for those who recognize smoking is far more often a bane that a benefit. 
  69. Beatify (verb)
    To bless, make happy, or ascribe a virtue to. 

    Inductions into the Hall of Fame are ways to beatify the greatest players of the game. 

    S: exalt. 
  70. Bedizen (verb)
    To adorn, especially in a cheap showy manner; festoon; caparison.

    The speakeasy was bedizened with every manner of tawdry decoration.
  71. Belie (verb)
    To give a false impression of. 

    The lack of school funding belies the government's claim of making education reform a top priority. 

    S: contradict
  72. Bellicose (adjective)
    Belligerent; warlike. 

    The bellicose voices in the Senate grab the headlines, but fortunately the diplomatic voices are more likely to grab the votes. 

    S: hostile.
  73. Bent (noun)
    Leaning, inclination, proclivity, tendency. 

    Mike's bent for self-destructive behavior worried his friends. 
  74. Behemoth (noun)
    Something enormous; a gigantic creature. 

    That huge shopping mall is a behemoth that ruins the charm of the historical waterfront. 

    S: leviathan. 
  75. Beleaguer (verb)
    To beset; to besiege. 

    Within a week of staring the job, she was beleaguerd by complaints from clients and employees about the company's bad service. 

    S: harass
  76. Blandish (verb)
    To coax with flattery, toady or fawn. 

    The minister was famous for his ability to blandish his way from obscurity to power. 
  77. Blithe (adjective)
    Carefree, merry. 

    Paul's blithe attitude toward his housecleaning led to a comfortable, yet dusty, clutter. 

    S: footloose
  78. Boisterous (adjective)
    Loud; noisy; lacking restraint. 

    Children are boisterous by nature but experienced teachers can calm an entire class down in a matter of seconds. 

    S: raucous
  79. Bolster (verb)
    To provide support.

    Bob convinced me he was right only after he bolstered his arugment with facts and data. 

    S: reinforce
  80. Bombast (noun)
    Self-important of pompous writing or speech. 

    The CEO's toast at the launch part was quickly turning into a bombast 

    S: bluster
  81. Boor (noun)
    A rude or insensitive person 

    Many people have called him a boor; his genius leaves him with little paitience for social niceties. 

    S: churl
  82. Broach (verb)
    Bring up, announce, begin to talk about. 

    To broach the subject of her truly hideous broach would have been impolite. 
  83. Brook (verb)
    To tolerate, endure, countenance. 

    The con doctor refused to brook any more delay and took off suddently
  84. Bucolic (adjective)
    Rustic and pastoral; characteristic of rural areas and their inhabitants. 

    They suffer from a lot of cholera in bucolic areas. 
  85. Burgeon (verb)
    To grow rapidly or flourish

    The researcher was pleased to discover that the wolf population burgeoned only two years after the area was turned into a reserve. 

    S: increase
  86. Burnish (verb)
    To make smooth; to rub to a shine. 

    A few more big sales will burnish my reputation and position me well for my next salary review. 

    S: polish
  87. Byzantine (adjective)
    Labyrinthine, complex. 

    In our department, byzantine filing systems are a form of job security since we are the only ones who can find key documents .

    S: intricate. 
  88. Cacophony (noun)
    Harsh, jarring, discordant sound; dissonance. 

    Gerald can't sleep because of the cacophony of car alarms going off each night. 

    S: inharmony
  89. Cadge (verb)
    To sponge, beg or mooch. 

    She would cadge a little bit of everything I brought for lunch until she had a full meal. 
  90. Cajole (verb)
    To inveigle; to coax through flattery. 

    The director had to cajole the vain actor into wearing the chicken suit. 

    S: wheedle
  91. Calumniate (verb)
    To slander. 

    Tight political races can become very dirty in their final days, with each candidate trying to calumniate the other. 

    S: smear. 
  92. Calumny (noun)
    Slander.

    Othello believed the calumny that his wife was cheating on him, setting in motion Shakespear's tragedy. 

    S: defamation. 
  93. Canon (noun)
    An established set of principles or code of laws, often religious in nature. 

    The priest encouraged the parishioners to adhere to the canons of the church. 

    S: rules
  94. Capricious (adjective)
    Inclined to change one's mind impulsively or unpredictability.

    At first the child wanted tacos, but now she wants banana pudding; she cannot help her capricious appetite. 


    S: whimsical, erratic, fickle
  95. Cardinal (adjective)
    Of basic importance or consequence; primary. 

    His cardinal error was in failing to bribe his sister. 
  96. Carnality (noun)
    Something relating to the body or flesh. 

    Her carnal desire for him distracted her from the task at hand. 
  97. Castigate (verb)
    Severely criticize or punish. 

    The teacher castigated the student for arriving late to class. 

    S: chastise.
  98. Catalyst (noun)
    A substance that accelerates the rate of a chemical reaction without itself changing; a person who causes change. 

    We hope the new ambassador will be a catalyst for reviving peace discussions. 

    S: acceleration, impetus. 
  99. Caustic (adjective)
    Burning or stinging, causing corrosion. 

    We were reminded to wear gloves when handling the caustic chemicals. 

    S; sarcastic
  100. Cachinnate (verb)
    To laugh loudly. 

    The made scientist began to cachinnate after he thought of a brilliant plan to capture the hero.

    S: guffaw
  101. Cabal (noun)
    A scheme or plot; a group of plotters. 

    The stock price of a healthy company is not likely to drop that dramatically unless a cabal of investors decides to sell the stock short. 

    S: coterie
  102. Captious (adjective)
    Calculated to confuse or entrap in argument.

    Watch out for the captious questions during the cross-examination; the opposing counsel is a master at entrapping witnesses on the stand. 

    S: tricky
  103. Censure (verb)
    To criticize severely; to officially rebuke. 

    When the senator was caught buying a boat with the taxpayer dollars, many members of his party publicly censured him. 

    S: chastise, denounce, reprimand. 
  104. Celerity (noun)
    Speed. 

    The celerity with which she accepted the terms indicated that we had perhaps offered too much. 

    S: haste.
  105. Chary (adjective)
    Wary; cautious, sparing. 

    Chuck was chary about lending money to his brother, who has always mismanaged his bank accounts. 

    S: careful
  106. Chasten (verb)
    To restrain or correct

    We all hoped that joining the army would chasten his wild behavior. 

    S: reprove
  107. Chauvinist (noun)
    A blindly devoted patriot. 

    Giovanni is a chauvinist about his grandmother's cooking and complains constantly whenever he eats at an Italian restaurant. 

    S: jingoist
  108. Chicanery (noun)
    Trickery or subterfuge.

    Enron's financial chicanery included creating fake businesses in order to boost profit. 

    S: ruse, sham, deception
  109. Chimera (noun)
    An illusion; originally, an imaginary fire-breathing monster. 

    Your vision of running New York City entirely on solar power is a chimera. 

    S: delusion
  110. Choleric (adjective)
    Tending toward anger. 

    Choleric by nature, the boxer had not trouble mental preparing to face his opponent. 
  111. Churlish (adjective)
    Vulgar; difficult and intractable. 

    As I am far from a morning person my loud nieces are likely to find me churlish before eight o' clock. 

    S: boorish
  112. Coalesce (verb)
    To come together or unite. 

    Suddenly, all the different ideas coalesced into one perfect story and the rest of the script practically wrote itself. 

    S: fuse
  113. Coda (noun)
    Concluding section of a musical or literary piece. 


    At the end of the movie, a coda descrived what happened to each of the characters later in life. 

    S: conclusion
  114. Cogent (adjective)
    Appealing forcibly to the mind or reason, convincing. 

    Corrine's cogent argument made a lot of sense to me, so I switched my vote. 

    S: persuasive
  115. Color (verb)
    To change as if by dyeing, distort or gloss over. 

    Knowing that he had lied about his previous experience colored our evaluation of him. 

    S: influence. 
  116. Commensurate (adjective)
    Matching; corresponding in degree, size, or amount. 

    Many job listings don't give a specific salary, but state that it will be commensurate with experience. 

    S: proportionate. 
  117. Complaisance (noun)
    The willingness to comply with the wishes of others. 

    The child showed her complaisance by wearing the dress her mother chose. 

    S: agreeableness
  118. Confound (verb)
    To cause to be confused, to frustrate. 

    By the time my roommate and I had parted ways, our things were such a confounded mess. 
  119. Connoisseur (noun)
    An informed and astute judge in matters of taste; expert. 

    Derek is such a chocolate connoisseur that he has chocolates shipped to him from Belgium and Switzerland. 

    S: aficionado, enthusiast, specialist. 
  120. Consequential (adjective)
    Pompous, self-important. 

    Hipsters tend to have a consequential attitude toward the music they listen to. 
  121. Contem (verb)
    To scorn or despise. 

    I contem their attempts to curry favor; nothing is more contemptible than a sycophant. 
  122. Contiguous (adjective)
    Sharing a border; touching; adjacent. 

    We offer free shipping to any of the forty-eight contiguous states in the United States. 

    S: bordering
  123. Contentious (adjective0
    Argumentative; quarrelsome; causing controversy or disagreement. 

    Octomom wanting to have another child created some contentious headlines. 
  124. Contrite (adjective)
    • Regretful, penitent; seeking forgiveness
    • The judge looked favorable on the defendant's contrite plea for leniency. 

    S: aplogetic
  125. Convention (noun)
    A generally agreed-upon practice or attitude. 

    Flouting convention, the bride wore a brilliant red suit, while her bridesmaids were dressed in white. 

    S: custom
  126. Corrigible (adjective)
    Capable of being set right; correctable. 

    The earlier the intervention, the more corrigible the condition; if left too long, it can't be fixed. 

    S: reformable. 
  127. Countenance (verb)
    To approve of or tolerate. 

    The judge was quite a disciplinarian and would not countenance any stunts in his courtroom. 

    S: sanction, brook
  128. Cosset (verb)
    To coddle. 

    He was selfish child and was cosseted by his parents, so he never learned to share or to compromise. 

    S: pamper
  129. Cozen (verb)
    To deceive, beguile, or hoodwink.

    A common internet scam attempts to cozen people into revealing their bank account details. 

    S: mislead. 
  130. Craven (adjective)
    • Contemptibly fainthearted; lacking any courage, pusillanimous. 
    • Despite all his military training, he feared he was craven by nature and would turn and run in battle. 

    S: cowardly
  131. Credulous (adjective)
    Tending to believe too readily.

    The con artist easily deceived his credulous victims. 

    S: gullible
  132. Crestfallen (adjective)
    Dejected; disappointed. 

    She interviewed for the position three times and was crestfallen when the job was finally offered to another candidate. 

    S: discouraged
  133. Cursory (adjective)
    Hasty; done with little attention. 

    The producer took a cursory look at the script, and then tossed it in the trash. 

    S: hurried
  134. Curmudgeon ( noun)
    An irritable, ill-tempered person. 

    My neighbor is an old curmudgeon who complains loudly whenever anyone makes a sound. 

    S: complainer
  135. Cynicism (noun)
    An attitude or quality of belief that all people are motivated by selfishness. 

    People driven by cynicism are often skeptical of others' generosity. 

    S: distrust, pessimism

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