Ch 6 World History

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hchristensen
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Ch 6 World History
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2013-01-01 23:43:46
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Questions from Ch 6 World History for Hi-Q
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  1. What is the best known acropolis in Greece?
    Acropolis in Athens
  2. What Italian artist created a painting that shows Cicero, one of ancient Rome's greatest public speakers, addressing fellow members of the Roman Senate?
    Cesare Maccari
  3. Who was one of ancient Rome's greatest public speakers?
    Cicero
  4. What twin sons of the god Mars and a Latin princess founded the city of Rome in 753 B.C.?
    • Romulus
    • Remus
  5. Where were Romulus and Remus abandoned as infants only to be raised by a she-wolf?
    Tiber River
  6. What three groups inhabited the region on the Italian peninsula and battled for control?
    • Latins
    • Greeks
    • Etruscans
  7. On what one of its seven hills did the Latins build the original settlement at Rome?
    Palatine Hill
  8. What group of people were native to northern Italy and were skilled metalworkers and engineers?
    Etruscans
  9. What was the most famous temple and public center in Rome?  It was the heart of Roman political life.
    Forum
  10. What harsh tyrant was the last king of Rome?
    Tarquin the Proud
  11. What does the Latin phrase res publica mean?
    "public affairs"
  12. What is the term for a form of government in which power rests with citizens who have the right to vote for their leaders?
    republic
  13. What were the wealthy landowners who held most of the power in Rome called?
    paticians
  14. What were the common farmers, artisans, and merchants who made up the majority of the population in Rome called?
    plebeians
  15. What were elected representatives who protected the rights of the plebeians from unfair acts of patrician officials called?
    tribunes
  16. What was a list of rules that was the basis of Roman legal system called?
    Twelve Tables
  17. What word comes from the Latin for "I forbid"?
    veto
  18. What were two officials in Rome who commanded the army and directed the government called?
    consuls
  19. What was the aristocratic branch of Rome's government called?
    senate
  20. What was the assembly organized by the plebeians that elected the tribunes and made laws for the common people called?
    Tribal Assembly
  21. What was a leader who had absolute power to make laws and command the army called?
    dictator
  22. What were the large military units into which Roman soldiers were organized called?
    legions
  23. What were the heavily armed foot soldiers called?
    infantry
  24. What were the group of soldiers on horseback called?
    cavalry
  25. What term also means a multitude?
    legion
  26. Legions were divided into smaller groups of 80 men, each of which was called what?
    century
  27. What city was once a colony of Phoenicia and was located on a peninsula on the North African coast?
    Carthage
  28. What was the long struggle between Rome and Carthage called?
    Punic Wars
  29. Where did Hannibal win his greatest victory?
    Cannae
  30. What was the name of the 29-year-old Carthaginian general who was a brilliant military strategist that wanted to avenge Carthage's earlier defeat?
    Hannibal
  31. What was the name of Hannibal's father?
    Hamilcar Barca
  32. What Roman general devised a plan to attack Carthage?
    Scipio
  33. In 202 B.C., where did the Roman defeat Hannibal?
    Zama
  34. What two brothers attempted to help Rome's poor?  As tribunes, they proposed such reforms as limiting the size of estates and giving land to the poor.
    • Tiberius
    • Gaius
  35. What is a conflict between groups within the same country called?
    civil war
  36. In 60 B.C., what military leader joined forces with Crassus, a wealthy Roman, and Pompey, a popular general?
    Julius Caesar
  37. What two men did Julius Caesar join forces with to help him be elected consul?
    • Crassus
    • Pompey
  38. What is the term for a group of three rulers?
    triumvirate
  39. What was the name of Julius Caesar's wife?
    Calpurnia
  40. Who led the murder of Caesar, in which he was stabbed 23 times?
    • Gaius Cassius
    • Marcus Brutus
  41. What is the term for a ruler that has total power?
    absolute ruler
  42. What is the name of Caesar's grandnephew and adopted son?
    Octavian
  43. With what two men did Octavian join forces?
    • Mark Antony
    • Lepidus
  44. What was the rule of Octavian, Mark Antony, and Lepidus called?
    Second Triumvirate
  45. Who did Mark Antony meet in Egypt and join forces with?
    Cleopatra
  46. What title did Octavian eventually accept?
    Augustus
  47. What is the term that means "supreme military commander"?
    imperator
  48. What word means "exalted one"?
    Augustus
  49. What was the name of Augustus's only child?
    Julia
  50. What is the period of peace and prosperity in Rome called?
    Pax Romana ("Roman peace")
  51. What term refers to persons employed in the civil administration of government?
    civil service
  52. In Augustus's time, what silver coin was in use throughout the empire?
    denarius
  53. A person with the qualities of discipline, strength, and loyalty was said to have what important virtue?
    gravitas
  54. What bad Roman emperor ruled from 37-41 and was mentally disturbed?
    Caligula
  55. What bad emperor of Rome ruled from 54-68 and was vicious, murdered many, and persecuted Christians?
    Nero
  56. What bad Roman emperor ruled from 81-96 and ruled dictatorially, fearing treason everywhere and executing many?
    Domitian
  57. What good Roman emperor ruled from 96-98 and began the custom of adopting heir?
    Nerva
  58. What good Roman emperor ruled from 98-117 and undertook vast building program, enlarged social welfare, and the empire reached its greatest extent?
    Trajan
  59. What good Roman emperor ruled from 117-138 and consolidated earlier conquests and reorganized the bureaucracy?
    Hadrian
  60. What good Roman emperor ruled from 138-161 and kept Rome a place of peace and prosperity?
    Antonius Pius
  61. What good Roman emperor ruled from 161-180 and brought empire to height of economic prosperity, defeated invaders, and wrote philosophy?
    Marcus Aurelias
  62. What were the powerful spirits or divine forces that the earliest Romans worshiped called?
    numina
  63. What were the guardians of each Roman family called?  They were closely related to numina.
    Lares
  64. Who was the father of the Roman gods?
    Jupiter
  65. What was the name of Jupiter's wife, who watched over women?
    Juno
  66. Who was the Roman goddess of wisdom and of the arts and crafts?
    Minerva
  67. What was the huge arena in Rome that could hold 50,000 people called?
    the Colosseum
  68. Much of what we know about Roman houses comes from archaeological excavations of what two ancient cities?
    • Pompeii
    • Herculaneum
  69. In A.D. 79, Pompeii and Herculaneum were buried in volcanic ash by a tremendous eruption of what volcano?
    Mount Vesuvius
  70. What is a painting made on damp plaster called?
    fresco
  71. What was the home of the Jews?
    Judea
  72. What savior would arrive and restore the kingdom of the Jews?
    the Messiah
  73. Sometime around 6 to 4 B.C., what Jew was born in Bethlehem in Judea?
    Jesus
  74. What are the first four books of the New Testament of the Christian Bible called?
    the Gospels
  75. Where was Jesus raised?
    Nazareth
  76. Who baptized Jesus?
    John the Baptist
  77. What is the belief in only one god called?
    monotheism
  78. What did the 12 men who were Jesus' disciples, or pupils, later come to be called?
    apostles
  79. What Roman governor accused Jesus of defying the authority of Rome?
    Pontius Pilate
  80. What Greek word means "messiah" or "savior"?
    Christos
  81. What painting by Renaissance artist Raphael depicts Jesus calling the apostle Peter to duty as the other apostles look on?
    Christ's Charge to Saint Peter
  82. Who painted Christ's Charge to Saint Peter?
    Raphael
  83. What apostle had enormous influence on Christianity's development?  He was a Jew who had never met Jesus and at first was an enemy of Christianity.  While traveling to Damascus in Syria, he reportedly had a vision of Christ.
    Paul
  84. What were the influential letters that Paul wrote to groups of believers called?
    Epistles
  85. What were the common languages that allowed the message of Christianity to be easily understood?
    • Latin
    • Greek
  86. What is the dispersal of Jews from their homeland called?
    the Diaspora
  87. What are groups or individuals that innocently bear the blame for others called?
    scapegoats
  88. What were people willing to sacrifice their lives for the sake of a belief or cause called?
    martyrs
  89. What Roman emperor was fighting three rivals for leadership of Rome when he prayed for help and then saw an image of a cross?
    Constantine
  90. Where was the battle where Constantine was fighting his chief rival located?
    Milvian Bridge
  91. What is a symbol of Christianity?
    a cross
  92. In what speech did Constantine declare Christianity to be one of the religions approved by the emperor?
    Edict of Milan
  93. In 380, what emperor made Christianity the official religion of the empire?
    Theodosius
  94. What is the term for a group of person organized in order of ranks, with each level subject to the authority of the one above?
    hierarchy
  95. What person, who was also a priest, supervised several local churches?
    bishop
  96. What apostle became the first bishop of Rome?
    Peter
  97. What is the father or head of the Christian Church called?
    pope
  98. What is the term for any belief that appeared to contradict the basic teachings of the Church?
    heresy
  99. What do Christians called the Hebrew Bible?
    Old Testament
  100. What writing defined the basic beliefs of the Church?
    Nicene Creed
  101. What were several early writers and scholars who were also influential in defining Church teachings called?
    Fathers of the Church
  102. Who was one of the most important Fathers of the Church?  He became bishop of the city of Hippo in North Africa in 396.
    Augustine
  103. What is one of Augustine's most famous books that was written after Rome was plundered in the 5th century?
    City of God
  104. The end of the reign of what emperor marks the end of Pax Romana?
    Marcus Aurelius
  105. What is the term for a drastic drop in the value of money couple with a rise in prices?
    inflation
  106. What is the term for foreign soldiers who fought for money?
    mercenaries
  107. In A.D. 284, what strong-willed army leader became the new emperor?  He ruled with an iron fist and severely limited personal freedoms while restoring order to the empire.
    Diocletian
  108. Into what two halves did Diocletian split the empire?
    • Greek-speaking East
    • Latin-speaking West
  109. To what city did Constantine move the capital?
    Byzantium
  110. What name did Byzantium eventually take?
    Constantinople
  111. Around 370, what fierce group of Mongol nomads from central Asia moved into the region and began destroying all in their path?
    the Huns
  112. What did Romans call all invaders?  It was a term that they used to refer to non-Romans.
    barbarians
  113. In 444,  the Huns united for the first time under what powerful chieftain?
    Attila
  114. Who was the last Roman emperor?  He was a 14-year-old boy that was ousted by German forces in 476.
    Romulus Augustulus
  115. What did the eastern half of the Roman empire come to be called?
    Byzantine Empire
  116. The Byzantine Empire endured until 1453, when it fell to what group?
    Ottoman Turks
  117. In the 1780s, what author published The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, in which he explained that a major cause of the collapse was that the empire was simply just too large?
    Edward Gibbons
  118. What book did Edward Gibbons publish that explained that a major cause of the collapse was that the empire was simply just too large?
    The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire
  119. in 1986, what author published The Fall of the Roman Empire, in which he argues that the fall of Rome was a military collapse?
    Arther Ferrill
  120. What book did Arther Ferrill write in which he argues that the fall of Rome was a military collapse?
    The Fall of the Roman Empire
  121. In 1967, what author published Roman Realities, in which his argues against the idea of a "fall"?
    Finley Hooper
  122. What book did Finley Hooper write in which he argues against the idea of a "fall"?
    Roman Realities
  123. What early Church leader did not live to see the empire's end, but vividly describes his feelings after the Visigoths attacked Rome?
    Jerome
  124. The mixing of elements of Greek, Hellenistic, and Roman culture produced what new culture?
    Greco-Roman culture
  125. What type of sculpture is images projected from a flat background?
    bas-relief (or low-relief)
  126. What were pictures or designs made by setting small pieces of stone, glass, or tile onto a surface called?
    mosaics
  127. What poet spend ten years writing the most famous work of Latin literature, the Aeneid, the epic of the legendary Aeneas?
    Virgil
  128. Virgil spent ten years writing what epic of the legendary Aeneas?
    Aeneid
  129. What Indian epic tells the story of a battle for control of a mighty kingdom?
    Mahabharata
  130. What Spanish epic celebrates a hero of the wars against the Moors?
    El Cid
  131. In the 1200s, what man attempted to prove the existence of a single god using Aristotelian ideas?
    Thomas Aquinas
  132. In 1781, what philosopher wrote that Aristotle's theories on logic were still valid?
    Immanuel Kant
  133. In 1922, who patterned his epic Ulysses after Homer's work?
    James Joyce
  134. In 1922, James Joyce patterned what epic after Homer's work?
    Ulysses
  135. In 2000, what Coen brothers' film brought a very different adaptation of the Odyssey to the big screen?
    O Brother, Where Art Thou?
  136. Who compiled a multivolume history of Rome from its origins to 9 B.C.?
    Livy
  137. What Roman historian is notable among ancient historians because he presented the facts accurately and was concerned about the Romans' lack of morality?  He wrote Annals and Histories.
    Tacitus
  138. What two books did Tacitus write, in which he wrote about the good and bad of imperial Rome?
    • Annals
    • Histories
  139. What was the language of the Romans?
    Latin
  140. What are languages who have Roman heritage called?
    Romance languages
  141. What were designed by Roman engineers to bring water into cities and towns?
    aqueducts
  142. What emperor started the construction of the Colosseum?
    Vespasian
  143. What sons of the Emperor Vespasian completed the construction of the Colosseum?
    • Titus
    • Domitian
  144. What was the retractable canvas awning that shielded spectators from the sun in the Colosseum called?
    velarium
  145. What historian has stated that Rome never fell because it turned into something even greater - an idea - and achieved immortality?
    R. H. Barrow

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