Ch 7 World History

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hchristensen
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191164
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Ch 7 World History
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2013-01-02 16:44:54
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  1. Soon after Alexander the Great brought the Indus Valley in the northwest under Macedonian control and then left, what great Indian military leader seized power?
    Chandragupta Maurya
  2. In what powerful kingdom was Chandragupta Maurya born?
    Magadha
  3. Centered on the lower Ganges River, who ruled the Magadha kingdom?
    Nanda family
  4. In 321 B.C., Chandragupta Maurya gathered an army, killed the Nanda king, and claimed the throne, which began what empire?
    Mauryan Empire
  5. Around 305 B.C., what one of Alexander the Great's generals did Chandragupta Maurya begin to battle?
    Seleucus I
  6. Chandragupta Maurya relied on what adviser who was a member of the priestly caste?
    Kautilya
  7. What ruler's handbook did Kautilya write?  This book proposed tough-minded politics to hold an empire together, including spying on the people and employing political assassination.
    Arthasastra
  8. Who wrote Arthasastra, a book that proposed tough-minded politics to hold an empire together, including spying on the people and employing political assassination?
    Kautilya
  9. To stay at peace Seleucus I sent what ambassador to Chandragupta Maurya's capital?
    Megasthenes
  10. What was the name of Chandragupta Maurya's grandson, who brought the Mauryan Empire to its greatest heights?
    Asoka
  11. During the bloody war against what neighboring state, 100,000 soldiers were slain, and even more civilians perished?  Asoka was the ruler.
    Kalinga
  12. What is the term that means acceptance of people who hold different religious beliefs?
    religious toleration
  13. What are official, public announcements of policy called?
    edicts
  14. Where is the pillar on which Asoka's edicts are written located?
    Vaishali
  15. To what religion did Chandragupta Maurya convert after giving up his throne?  People who followed this religion taught nonviolence and respect for all life.
    Jainism
  16. What dynasty arose and dominated the region for hundreds of years after Asoka's death?  These people profited from the extensive trade between north and south India and also with Rome, Sri Lanka, and Southeast Asia.
    Andhra Dynasty
  17. The people who lived in Southern India spoke what language?  The people also go by this name.
    Tamil
  18. After 500 years of invasion and turmoil, what strong leader arose in the northern state of Magadha?
    Chandra Gupta
  19. What was India's second empire called?  It oversaw a great flowering of Indian civilization, especially Hindu culture.
    Gupta Empire
  20. After his marriage, what title did Chandra Gupta I take in A.D. 320?
    "Great King of Kings"
  21. Who was Chandra Gupta I's son, who became king in A.D. 335?
    Samudra Gupta
  22. What is the term that means headed by the eldest male?
    patriarchal
  23. What is the term that means headed by the mother rather than the father?
    matriarchal
  24. What Indian emperor was revered for his heroic qualities and defeated the Shakas?
    Chandra Gupta II
  25. What enemies to the west did Chandra Gupta II defeat?
    Shakas
  26. What fierce fighters who were related to the Huns threatened northern India after Chandra Gupta II died?
    Hunas
  27. What is a complex polytheistic religion that blended Aryan beliefs with the many gods and cults of the diverse peoples who preceded them?
    Hinduism
  28. What religion teaches that desire causes suffering and that humans should overcome desire by following the Eightfold Path?
    Buddhism
  29. Buddhism teaches that humans should overcome desire by following what plan?
    Eightfold Path
  30. What Buddhist state of peace was achieved by rejecting the sensory world and embracing spiritual decline?
    nirvana
  31. What were potential Buddhas called?
    bodhisattvas
  32. Those Buddhists who accepted the new doctrines belong to what sect?
    Mahayana sect
  33. Those Buddhists who held to the Buddha's stricter original teachings belonged to what sect?
    Theravada
  34. What is the Theravada sect in Buddhism also called?
    Hinayana
  35. What are mounded stone structures built over holy relics called?
    stupas
  36. What important Hindu god was the creator of the world?
    Brahma
  37. What important Hindu god was preserver of the world?
    Vishnu
  38. What important Hindu god was destroyer of the world?
    Shiva
  39. Who was one of India's greatest writers who may have been the court poet for Chandra Gupta II?  His most famous play is Shakuntala.
    Kalidasa
  40. What play, written by Kalidasa, tells the story of a beautiful girl who falls in love with and marries a middle-aged king?  After the couple separates, they suffer tragically because of a curse that prevents the king from recognizing his wife when they meet again.
    Shakuntala
  41. What artistic style is a blend of Greco-Roman and Indian styles?
    Gandharan artistic style
  42. In the 2nd century A.D., what city in southern India became a site of writing academies?
    Madurai
  43. What is a popular Indian film?
    Monsoon Wedding
  44. What Indian director received a lifetime-achievement Academy Award for making artistic films that brought Indian culture to a global audience?
    Satyajit Ray
  45. Around A.D. 500, what Indian calculated the value of pi to four decimal places?  He also calculated the length of the solar year.
    Aryabhata
  46. What vast network of caravan routes were used by traders to bring silk from China to western Asia and then on to Rome?
    Silk Roads
  47. What are fertile spots in desert areas called?
    oases
  48. Built during the 3rd to 1st centuries B.C., what is a famous Buddhist monument in Sanchi, India?
    the Great Stupa
  49. Where is the Great Stupa located?
    Sanchi, India
  50. What is the term for traditional bodily signs of the Buddha?
    lakshana
  51. What elephant-headed Hindu god is the god of success, education, wisdom, and wealth?  He is also worshiped as the lifter of obstacles.
    Ganesha
  52. Under what ruler did the Qin Dynasty unify China?  This man established a strong government by conquering the rival kings who ruled small states throughout China.
    Shi Huangdi
  53. Under the rule of Shi Huangdi, what dynasty unified China?
    Qin Dynasty
  54. Who was an aristocratic general who was willing to allow the warlords to keep their territories if they would acknowledge him as their feudal lord?
    Xiang Yu
  55. Who was one of Xiang Yu's generals?
    Liu Bang
  56. What dynasty ruled China for more than 400 years and is divided into two periods, which were called what?
    • Han Dynasty
    • Former Han
    • Later Han
  57. What kind of government includes a central authority that controls the running of a state?
    centralized government
  58. Reporting to Liu Bang's central government were hundreds of local provincials called what?
    commanderies
  59. When Liu Bang died in 195 B.C., his son became emperor, but who was the real ruler?
    Empress Lu (Liu Bang's wife)
  60. What term means warlike?
    martial
  61. Who reigned from 141 to 87 B.C., and held the throne longer than any other Han emperor?  He is called the "Martial Emperor" because he adopted the policy of expanding the Chinese emperor through war.
    Wudi
  62. What is Wudi called because he adopted the policy of expanding the Chinese empire through war?
    "Martial Emperor"
  63. Who were Wudi's first set of enemies, fierce nomads known for their deadly archery skills from horseback?
    Xiongnu
  64. What were government jobs that civilians obtained by taking examinations called?
    civil service (jobs)
  65. What are the teachings of Confucius called?
    Confucianism
  66. What is the term for the buying and selling of goods?
    commerce
  67. What technological advance allowed horse to pull much heavier loads than the horses in Europe?
    collar harness
  68. In A.D. 105, what Han official produced a stronger paper by mixing mulberry bark and old rags with hemp fiber?
    Ts'ai Lun
  69. What occurs when a group has exclusive control over the production and distribution of certain goods?
    monopoly
  70. What is the process of making conquered peoples part of Chinese culture called?
    assimilation
  71. What writer, who lived from 145 to 85 B.C., is called the Grand Historian for his work in compiling a history of China from the ancient dynasties to Wudi?
    Sima Qian
  72. What is Sima Qian called, because of his work in compiling a history of China from the ancient dynasties to Wudi?
    Grand Historian
  73. What is the name of Sima Qian's book?
    Records of the Grand Historian
  74. Who wrote The History of the Former Han Dynasty?
    Ban Biao
  75. What famous book did Ban Biao write?
    History of the Former Han Dynasty
  76. What was the name of Ban Biao's son?
    Ban Gu
  77. What was the name of Ban Biao's daughter?
    Ban Zhao
  78. The Silk Road split in two to skirt the edges of what desert?
    Taklimakan Desert
  79. Who wrote a guide called Lessons for Women, which called upon women to be humble and obedient but also industrious?
    Ban Zhao
  80. What guide did Ban Zhao write that called upon women to be humble and obedient but also industrious?
    Lessons for Women
  81. What nuns were able to gain an education and lead lives apart from their families?
    Daoist
  82. What dynasty restored the empire in 618?
    Tang Dynasty
  83. Who was a Confucian scholar and member of the court that decided that a strong ruler was needed to restore order?
    Wang Mang
  84. What is the term for a person who rules temporarily while a monarch is too young?
    regent

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