What is the second largest continent in the world?
What are the largest deserts in Africa?
What is the southern edge of the Sahara Desert called?
What deadly insect found in African rain forests prevent Africans from using cattle, donkeys, and horses to farm near the rain forests and also prevented invaders - especially Europeans - from colonizing fly-infested territories?
What word means "coastline" in Arabic?
What is the term for grassy plains?
What deep gash in Earth's crust that runs through the floor of the Red Sea and across eastern Africa is where the first humans appeared in Africa?
Great Rift Valley
What group of African people lives in the Kalahari Desert and are hunter-gatherers?
What group of African people live in the rain forests of Congo and are hunter-gatherers?
What are herders who kept cattle, goats, or sheep called?
What African people of Tanzania and southern Kenya still measure their wealth by the size of their herds?
Families that shared common ancestors sometimes formed groups known as what?
What is a religion in which spirits play an important role in regulating daily life? Followers believe that spirits are present in animals, plants, and other natural forces, and also take the form of the souls of their ancestors.
What is the term for storytellers?
What is the steady process of drying of the soil called?
What is a waste product of iron smelting?
West Africa's earliest known culture was that of what people who lived in what is now Nigeria between 500 B.C. and A.D. 200? Their name came from the village where the first artifacts from their culture were discovered.
What is the term for a reddish-brown baked clay?
Many Nok figures featured a classical look called what?
What was a clay pipe that allowed air to flow through the furnace when smelting iron called?
What is the process of separating the iron from unwanted minerals called?
During smelting of iron, iron collects and forms what? This is then worked by an ironsmith into the desired tool or weapon.
What ancient African city, located on the tributary of the Niger River in West Africa, was uncovered by archaeologists who found thousands of artifacts in 1977?
Where did the residents of Djenne-Djeno fish?
What modern artist pictured life in Djenne-Djeno around A.D. 1000?
What is the term for a permanent move from one country or region to another?
What are the three causes of migration?
What are factors that can either push people out of an area or pull them into an area?
What group of African languages includes over 900 individual languages?
A family of languages in the Niger-Congo developed from what single parent tongue that spread across Africa as a result of migration?
Historians refer to the African people who moved southward throughout Africa spreading their language and culture as what?
What word means "the people"?
What farming technique involves cutting down a patch of forest and burning it to create very fertile soil?
slash and burn
What was the only place that received enough sunlight to support agriculture in the rain forests?
What language is widely used on the east coast of Africa and is the official language of Kenya and Tanzania? After Arabic, this language is the most commonly spoken language in Africa.
What is Swahili also known as?
What does the word swahili mean?
What Bantu-speaking people were from Congo and Zaire?
What was the written language of the Arab peoples?
What East African kingdom became powerful enough to push north and conquer Egypt?
What fierce group of people swept into Egypt and drove the Kushite pharaohs south?
What powerful kingdom located south of Kush on a rugged plateau on the Red Sea, in what are now the countries of Eritrea and Ethiopia, conquered Kush?
What is the rugged plateau on the Red Sea, in what are now the countries of Eritrea and Ethiopia called?
Horn of Africa
A legend traces the founding of the kingdom of Aksum and the Ethiopian royal dynasty to who?
son of King Solomon
Queen of Sheba
Who was the last ruler of the kingdom of Aksum?
Who was the first king of Aksum?
What Greek guidebook written around A.D. 100 included the first mention of Aksum?
Periplus of the Erythraean Sea
What was the name of the chief seaport of Aksum? (located near present-day Massawa)
Around A.D. 550, what Egyptian merchant described how Aksumite agents bargained for gold from the people in southern Ethiopia?
The kingdom of Aksum reached its height between A.D. 325 and 360, when what exceptionally strong ruler occupied the throne and conquered part of the Arabian peninsula and the Kushites?
Ezana burned what city to the ground after he conquered the Kushites?
In the babble of tongues heard in Aksum, what stood out as the international language of the time?
What did the Aksumites call their god?
What Greek god of war did the Aksumites offer sacrifices to?
What saying was imprinted on the bronze, silver, and gold coins of Aksum?
"May the country be satisfied"
What were steplike ridges constructed on mountain slopes called?
What was the term for holding tanks?
What was the term for a towering stone pillar?
Who was the founder of Islam?
The Aksum kingdom finally declined under invaders who practiced what religion?