Ch 8 World History

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hchristensen
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191169
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Ch 8 World History
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2013-01-02 17:43:25
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HiQ
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Questions from Ch 8 World History for Hi-Q
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  1. What is the second largest continent in the world?
    Africa
  2. What are the largest deserts in Africa?
    • Sahara (north)
    • Kalahari (south)
  3. What is the southern edge of the Sahara Desert called?
    Sahel
  4. What deadly insect found in African rain forests prevent Africans from using cattle, donkeys, and horses to farm near the rain forests and also prevented invaders - especially Europeans - from colonizing fly-infested territories?
    tsetse fly
  5. What word means "coastline" in Arabic?
    Sahel
  6. What is the term for grassy plains?
    savannas
  7. What deep gash in Earth's crust that runs through the floor of the Red Sea and across eastern Africa is where the first humans appeared in Africa?
    Great Rift Valley
  8. What group of African people lives in the Kalahari Desert and are hunter-gatherers?
    San
  9. What group of African people live in the rain forests of Congo and are hunter-gatherers?
    BaMbuti
  10. What are herders who kept cattle, goats, or sheep called?
    pastoralists
  11. What African people of Tanzania and southern Kenya still measure their wealth by the size of their herds?
    Masai
  12. Families that shared common ancestors sometimes formed groups known as what?
    clans
  13. What is a religion in which spirits play an important role in regulating daily life?  Followers believe that spirits are present in animals, plants, and other natural forces, and also take the form of the souls of their ancestors.
    animism
  14. What is the term for storytellers?
    griots
  15. What is the steady process of drying of the soil called?
    desertification
  16. What is a waste product of iron smelting?
    slag
  17. West Africa's earliest known culture was that of what people who lived in what is now Nigeria between 500 B.C. and A.D. 200?  Their name came from the village where the first artifacts from their culture were discovered.
    Nok
  18. What is the term for a reddish-brown baked clay?
    terra cotta
  19. Many Nok figures featured a classical look called what?
    "elongated style"
  20. What was a clay pipe that allowed air to flow through the furnace when smelting iron called?
    tuyere
  21. What is the process of separating the iron from unwanted minerals called?
    smelting
  22. During smelting of iron, iron collects and forms what?  This is then worked by an ironsmith into the desired tool or weapon.
    bloom
  23. What ancient African city, located on the tributary of the Niger River in West Africa, was uncovered by archaeologists who found thousands of artifacts in 1977?
    Djenne-Djeno
  24. Where did the residents of Djenne-Djeno fish?
    Niger River
  25. What modern artist pictured life in Djenne-Djeno around A.D. 1000?
    Charles Santore
  26. What is the term for a permanent move from one country or region to another?
    migration
  27. What are the three causes of migration?
    • environmental
    • economic
    • political
  28. What are factors that can either push people out of an area or pull them into an area?
    push-pull factors
  29. What group of African languages includes over 900 individual languages?
    Niger-Congo
  30. A family of languages in the Niger-Congo developed from what single parent tongue that spread across Africa as a result of migration?
    Proto-Bantu
  31. Historians refer to the African people who moved southward throughout Africa spreading their language and culture as what?
    Bantu-speaking peoples
  32. What word means "the people"?
    Bantu
  33. What farming technique involves cutting down a patch of forest and burning it to create very fertile soil?
    slash and burn
  34. What was the only place that received enough sunlight to support agriculture in the rain forests?
    riverbanks
  35. What language is widely used on the east coast of Africa and is the official language of Kenya and Tanzania?  After Arabic, this language is the most commonly spoken language in Africa.
    Swahili
  36. What is Swahili also known as?
    Kiswahili
  37. What does the word swahili mean?
    "the coast"
  38. What Bantu-speaking people were from Congo and Zaire?
    Kuba
  39. What was the written language of the Arab peoples?
    Ge-ez
  40. What East African kingdom became powerful enough to push north and conquer Egypt?
    Kush
  41. What fierce group of people swept into Egypt and drove the Kushite pharaohs south?
    Assyrians
  42. What powerful kingdom located south of Kush on a rugged plateau on the Red Sea, in what are now the countries of Eritrea and Ethiopia, conquered Kush?
    Aksum
  43. What is the rugged plateau on the Red Sea, in what are now the countries of Eritrea and Ethiopia called?
    Horn of Africa
  44. A legend traces the founding of the kingdom of Aksum and the Ethiopian royal dynasty to who?
    • son of King Solomon
    • Queen of Sheba
  45. Who was the last ruler of the kingdom of Aksum?
    Haile Selassie
  46. Who was the first king of Aksum?
    Zoskales
  47. What Greek guidebook written around A.D. 100 included the first mention of Aksum?
    Periplus of the Erythraean Sea
  48. What was the name of the chief seaport of Aksum? (located near present-day Massawa)
    Adulis
  49. Around A.D. 550, what Egyptian merchant described how Aksumite agents bargained for gold from the people in southern Ethiopia?
    Cosmas
  50. The kingdom of Aksum reached its height between A.D. 325 and 360, when what exceptionally strong ruler occupied the throne and conquered part of the Arabian peninsula and the Kushites?
    Ezana
  51. Ezana burned what city to the ground after he conquered the Kushites?
    Meroe
  52. In the babble of tongues heard in Aksum, what stood out as the international language of the time?
    Greek
  53. What did the Aksumites call their god?
    Mahrem
  54. What Greek god of war did the Aksumites offer sacrifices to?
    Ares
  55. What saying was imprinted on the bronze, silver, and gold coins of Aksum?
    "May the country be satisfied"
  56. What were steplike ridges constructed on mountain slopes called?
    terraces
  57. What was the term for holding tanks?
    cisterns
  58. What was the term for a towering stone pillar?
    stele
  59. Who was the founder of Islam?
    Muhammad
  60. The Aksum kingdom finally declined under invaders who practiced what religion?
    Islam

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