Ch 9 World History

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Ch 9 World History
2013-01-02 18:14:32

Questions from Ch 9 World History for Hi-Q
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  1. What was the land bridge that brought some of the first people to the Americas from Asia called?
  2. What period last from roughly 1.9 million to about 10,000 B.C., and the end of it brought the first Americans?
    Ice Age
  3. What is the term for huge sheets of moving ice?
  4. The buildup of glaciers locked up huge amounts of the earth's water, lowering sea levels and creating a land corridor between Asia and Alaska across what present water source?
    Bering Strait
  5. What migrants were the first Americans?
    Siberian hunters
  6. What writer for National Geographic magazine spent a year with archaeologist as they searched for ancient burial site throughout the Americas?
    Thomas Canby
  7. For years, many researchers have regarded the discovery of spearheads dating back to 9500 B.C. near what place, to be the earliest evidence of humankind in the Americas?
    Clovis, New Mexico
  8. A discovery of possible pre-Clovis sites was made at what place near the southern tip of the Americas?
    Monte Verde, Chile
  9. Scientists studying a skull found near Mexico City that dates back to about 11,000 B.C. believe that its is related to what people and that these descendants reached the Americas by island-hopping on boats?
    Ainu people of Japan
  10. At what site in Pennsylvania have pre-Clovis blades been found that date back many thousand years?
    Meadowcraft Rockshelter
  11. What word is corn?
  12. Gradually, people settled in permanent villages in what valley that is south of present-day Mexico City?
    Tehuacan Valley
  13. Where did researchers find the bones of bison at a kill site?
    Calgary, Alberta (Canada)
  14. What style of blade points are the youngest or most recent at 2,000 years old?
    Pelican Lake style
  15. What style of blade points are in the middle range, at about 4,500 years old?
    McKean style
  16. What volcano in Canada exploded around 4300 B.C.?
    Mount Mazama
  17. The story of developed civilizations in the Americas begins in what region?
  18. Mesoamerica's first known civilization builders were a people known as what?
  19. What people are often called Mesoamerica's "mother culture"?
  20. What is the oldest site of the Olmec people, dating back to around 1150 B.C.?
    San Lorenzo
  21. To the east of San Lorenzo, what site of the Olmec people rose around 900 B.C.?  Researchers found a 100-foot-high mound of earth and clay that may have served as a tomb of a great Olmec ruler.  This mound is known as the Great Pyramid.
    La Venta
  22. What is the 100-foot-high mound found in La Venta that may have been a tomb for a great Olmec ruler or the center of the Olmec religion called?
    Great Pyramid
  23. What group of people developed an advanced society in what is now the Mexican state of Oaxaca?
  24. What site of the Zapotec people was a place where they constructed stone platforms, temples, and sculptures?
    San Jose Mogote
  25. High atop a mountain at the center of the Oaxaca Valley, the Zapotec built what first real urban center in the Americas?
    Monte Alban
  26. What powerful civilization did the Olmec influence?
    the Maya
  27. What place at San Lorenzo, Honduras contains several huge carved heads?
    Olmec Center
  28. What man explained why the Olmec created many carvings of part human, part jaguar figures in the article "New Light on the Olmec" in National Geographic?
    Peter Furst
  29. Peter Furst explained why the Olmec created many carvings of part human, part jaguar figures in what article in National Geographic?
    "New Light on the Olmec"
  30. In May 2002, where did a scientist discover what he believes to be an ancient Olmec jade mine?
  31. What mountain range stretches about 4,500 miles down the western edge of South America, from Colombia in the north to Chile in the south?
    Andes Mountains
  32. Where did South America's first civilizations emerge?
  33. What culture flourished from around 900 B.C. to 200 B.C. and got its name from a major ruin Chavin de Huantar in the northern highlands of Peru, which features pyramids, plazas, and massive earthen mounds?
  34. What major ruin in the northern highlands of Peru features pyramids, plazas, and massive earthern mounds and also gave its name to the first influential culture in South America?
    Chavin de Huantar
  35. What culture flourished along the southern coast of Peru from around 200 B.C. to A.D. 600 and developed extensive irrigation systems that allowed them to farm the land?  They are known for their beautiful textiles and pottery.
  36. What culture lasted from about A.D. 100 to A.D. 700 and built impressive irrigation systems to water their wide range of crops, which included corn, beans, potatoes, squash, and peanuts?
  37. What Peruvian archaeologist said that the Moche enjoyed a variety of foods, including fish and game?
    Walter Alva
  38. What are the 1,000 drawings of animals, plants, humans, and geometric shapes on the plains of southeastern Peru called?
    Nazca Lines
  39. What is the term for water sources?
  40. What is the term for religion?
  41. What Nazca Line drawing represents the mountain gods?