The Diversity of American Colonial Societies, 1530-1770
The exchange of plants, animals, diseases, and technologies between the Americas and the rest of the world following Columbus's voyages.
a highly contagious viral disease characterized by fever and weakness and skin eruption with pustules that form scabs that slough off leaving scars
First bishop of Chiapas, in southern Mexico. He devoted most of his life to protecting Amerindian peoples from exploitation. His major achievement was the New Laws of 1542, which limited the ability of Spanish settlers to compel Amerindians to labor
Bartolome de Las Casas
Located in Bolivia, one of the richest silver mining centers and most populous cities in colonial Spanish America.
A grant of land made by Spain to a settler in the Americas, including the right to use Native Americans as laborers on it
In colonial Spanish America, term used to describe someone of European descent born in the New World.
A person of mixed Spanish and native american ancestory
a person of mixed african and european ancestry
Laborer who agreed to work without pay for a certain period of time in exchange for passage to America
the first elected legislative assembly in the New World established in the Colony of Virginia in 1619, representative colony set up by England to make laws and levy taxes but England could veto its legistlative acts.
House of Burgesses
Group of English Protestant dissenters who established Plymouth Colony in Massachusetts in 1620 to seek religious freedom after having lived briefly in the Netherlands.
Protestant sect in England hoping to "purify" the Anglican church of Roman Catholic traces in practice and organization.
Five indian nations bound together, the mohawks, th eoneidas, the onondagas, the cayugas and the senecas; founded in late 1500s to gain territorial supremacy
French colony in North America, with a capital in Quebec, founded 1608. New France fell to the British in 1763. (p. 489)
(runners of the woods) French fur traders, many of mixed Amerindian heritage, who lived among and often married with Amerindian peoples of North America.
Coureurs de bois
Member of Inca aristocracy who led a rebellion against Spanish authorities in Peru in 1780-1781. He was captured and executed with his wife and other members of his family.