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What is the main purpose of the offense?
To defeat, destroy or neutralize the enemy force
Offensive actions are combat operations conducted to do what?
- Defeat and destroy enemy forces
- Seize terrain, resources and population centers
- Deprive the enemy of resources
- Deceive or divert the enemy
- Develop intelligence
- Hold an enemy in position
The Offense imposes the commander's _____ on the enemy.
What are the four characteristics of the Offense?
Audacity, concentration, surprise and tempo
Effective Offense capitalizes on what?
Intel on Enemy forces, weather and terrain (IPB)
Boldly executing a simple plan of action
What is the definition of 'Offensive tasks'?
Task conducted to defeat and destroy enemy forces and seize terrain, resources, and population centers.
How many Offensive tasks are there?
What are they?
4; Movement to Contact, Attack, Exploitation and Pursuit
What is the purpose of offensive control measures?
Synchronize combat power effects, minimum control measures, provides subordinates flexibility
How many Offensive control measures are listed in ADRP 3-90?
Forms of maneuver are distinct tactical combinations of _______ and ________ with a unique set of doctrinal characteristics that differ primarily in the relationship between the maneuvering force and the enemy.
Fire and movement
What are the six forms of maneuver?
- flank attack
- frontal attack
- turning movement
The tactical commander begins with a designated AO, identified mission, and _______ ______.
The commander maintains momentum by rapidly following up attacks to prevent ______ ______.
What does all offense planning address?
Subordinate units conduct an area defense from their current locations until their activities can be synchronized to conduct the ________ operation.
The amount of effort expended in establishing the area defense depends on what?
An __________ is a tactical conflict, usually between opposing, lower echelon maneuver forces.
A ______ consists of a set of related engagements that lasts longer and involves larger forces than an engagement.
(T/F) Levels of command, sizes of units, types of equipment, or types of forces or components are not associated with a particular level of war.
At what echelon must military professionals understand and master the art and science of tactics?
What are the 3 interrelated aspects of the art of tactics?
- Creative & flexible array of means to accomplish mission
- Decisionmaking under conditions of uncertainty
- Understanding the uncertainty effects of combat
What encompasses the understanding of those military aspects of TTPs that can be measured and codified.
Science of Tactics
(T/F) Commanders should build momentum slowly to win decisively.
Fasle; build momentum quickly
Why do commanders initiate combat on their own terms?
To gain important advantages
What is the key to achieving decisive results?
What is a Hasty operation?
an operation in which a commander directs immediately available forces, using fragmentary orders, to perform activities with minimal preparation, trading planning and preparation time for speed of execution.
What is a Deliberate Operations?
an operation in which the tactical situation allows the development and coordination of detailed plans, including multiple branches and sequels.
Who assigns the Area of Operations within the Operational Enviroment?
- Joint Force Land Component Commander(JFLCC)
- Army Service component command commander
- Army forces (ARFOR) commander
_____ ____________ is the purposeful reliance by one Service’s forces on another Service’s capabilities to maximize the complementary and reinforcing effects of both?
(T/F) Joint capabilities make Army forces less effective than they would be otherwise.
False- more effective
__________ __ __________ provide general guidance for conducting military operations.
Principles of Operations
How many principles of operations are their?
What are they?
- Objective Security
- Offensive Surprise
- Mass Simplicity
- Maneuver Restraint
- Economy of force Perseverance
- Unity of command Legitimacy
What is an area of operation?
An operational area defined by the joint force commander for land and maritime forces that should be large enough to accomplish their missions and protect their forces (JP 3-0)
When we talk about reconnaissance and surveillance activities, what are we referring to?
Who is responsible for the security of all units operating within the AO?
The owning commander
What are some units responsibility within the AO?
- Terrain Management
- Information Collection
- Civil Affairs Operations
- Air and Ground Movement Control
- Clearance of Fires
- Personnel recovery
- Enviromental Considerations
- Minimum essential stability task
What are the seven fundamentals of successful reconnaissance operations?
- Ensure continuous reconnaissance
- Do not keep reconnaissance assets in reserve
- Orient on the reconnaissance objective
- Report information rapidly and accurately
- Retain freedom of maneuver
- Gain and maintain enemy contact
- Develop the situation rapidly
What are the five types of reconnaissance operations?
- Reconnaissance in force
Reconnaissance provides information used in the _________ Process?
(IPB) Intelligence Preparation of the Battle
What are the five security operations tasks?
- Area Security
- Local Security
What type of security task provides early warning to the protected force?
What type of security task is conducted to protect friendly forces, installations, routes, and actions within a specific area
What type of security task that includes low-level security activities are conducted near a unit to prevent surprise by the enemy
What are the five fundamentalsthat successful security operations depend?
- Provide early and accurate warning
- Provide reaction time and maneuver space
- Orient on the force or facility to be secured
- Perform continuous reconnaissance
- Maintain enemy contact
What is known as the capability to conduct rapid and orderly movement to concentrate combat power?
Troop movements are made by ______ and _______ marches using organic combat and tactical vehicles and motor transport air, rail, and water means in various combinations.
dismounted and mounted
What are the seven Methods of troop movement?
- Dismounted Marches
- Mounted Marches
- Army Air Movements
- Tactical Road Marches
- Approach Marches
- Forced March
- Administrative Movements
What are the three movement techniques for troop movement?
- Traveling-speed necessary contact not likely
- Traveling overwatch-speed important contact possible
- Bounding Overwatch-contact expected, provides cover
What is a rapid movement used to relocate troops within an area?
What is the advance of a combat unit when direct contact with the enemy is intended?
What are the three techniques for conducting a relief?
Sequentially, Simultaneously, Staggered
Which technique for conducting a relief takes the least amount of time?
Which technique for conducting a Relief involves each element being replaced in sequence based on tactical situation, not geographical orientation?
Which technique for conducting relief occurs when each element within the relieved unit is relieved in succession, from right to left or left to right, depending on how it is deployed?
What is it called when friendly forces move either forward or rearward through another friendly force’s combat position?
Passage of Lines
The intent of passage of lines is for a commander and his unit to move either _______ or _______ through another friendly units AO.
forward or rearward
If higher HQ does not direct when a change of command must occur during a passage of lines, then each unit commander on the ground involved must come to what type of agreement as to who will take command and at what point .
An approximation of how much of a passing force must pass through the passing point in order for change of command to occur.
What are operations where one force loses it's freedom of maneuver because an opposing force is able to isolate it by controlling all ground lines of communications and reinforcement?
What are the two types of Encirclement Operations?
- Offensive Encirclement Operations
- Defensive Encirclement Operations
In order to regain freedom of movement after becoming encircled by the enemy, the commander must do his best to perform a _________.
If a commander is not careful Offensive Encirclement Operations can quickly go wrong and turn into ________ ________ __________.
Defensive Encirclement Operations
What type of Encirclement Operations are the actions friendly forces take to surround and completely cut off communications and reinforcements to the enemy?
Offensive Encirclement Operations
What are the two main fundamentals of urban operations are?
- separating and positively identifying combatants from non-combatants
- minimizing collateral damage
(T/F) Disregarding the urban operations fundamentals will impact urban operations differently from one area to the next.
(T/F) Urban operations fundamentals always apply regardless of mission, geographical location, or level of command.
What are the Seven Tactical Enabling Task for an Operational Enviroment?
- security operations
- troop movement
- relief in place
- passage of lines
- encirclement operations
- urban operations