Cellular Respiration Part 1

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LaurenCamp29
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191388
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Cellular Respiration Part 1
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2013-01-09 17:28:37
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  1. Amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gram of water, 1 degree celcius
    Calorie
  2. Which type of food has the most calories per gram?
    Fat
  3. How much total ATP is made during cellular respiration?
    38 ATP
  4. The process which organisms break down glucose for the use of energy
    Cell Respiration
  5. What types of organisms can Cell Respiration happen in?
    (2)
    Plants and Humans/Animals
  6. Organelle where cellular respiration takes place
    Mitochondria
  7. What is needed for Cellular Respiration?
    (2)
    Glucose and Oxygen
  8. What gets made in Cellular Respiration?
    (3)
    • Carbon Dioxide
    • Water
    • Energy
  9. What kind of energy gets made in Cellular Respiration?
    ATP
  10. What is the equation for Cellular Respiration?
    (numbers)
    C6H12O6+6O2 = 6CO2+6H20+ATP(energy)
  11. What is the equation for Cellular Respiration?
    (words)
    Oxygen + Glucose = Carbon Dioxide + Water + Energy
  12. How breathing and cell respiration are related?
    • (Breathing part)
    • We take in CO2 (carbon dioxide) through our lungs
    • (Cellular Respiration part)
    • and muscle cells carry out O2 (oxygen)
  13. 3 Reactions of Cellular Respiration?
    • Glycolysis
    • Krebs Cycle
    • ETC
  14. What are the 2 types of Respiration?
    • Aerobic
    • Anaerobic
  15. Breaking of glucose in the presence of oxygen?
    Aerobic
  16. Breaking of glucose in the absence of oxygen?
    Anaerobic
  17. Splitting of Glucose?
    Glycolysis
  18. Where does Glycolysis occur?
    Is O2 required in Glycolysis?
    Anaerobic or Aerobic?
    • Cytoplasm
    • No
    • Anaerobic
  19. What is needed for Glycolysis?
    (2)
    • 2 ATP
    • Glucose
  20. What does Glycolysis make?
    (3)
    • 4 ATP
    • 2 NADH
    • 2 Pyruvic Acid
  21. Where does the 2 Pyruvic Acid go when done Glycolysis?
    Kreb's Cycle
  22. What is the Net Gain in Glycolysis?
    2 ATP
  23. How do we get a net gain of 2 ATP in Glycolysis?
    We made 4, but we have to subtract the 2 that we used to start the process
  24. Where does the Kreb's Cycle occur?
    Is oxygen required for the Kreb's Cycle?
    Anaerobic or Aerobic?
    Other name for Kreb's Cycle?
    • Inner mitochondrial matrix
    • Yes
    • Aerobic
    • Citric Acid Cycle
  25. What is needed for the Kreb's cycle?
    (2)
    • 2 Pyruvic Acids
    • Oxygen
  26. What does the Kreb's Cycle make?
    (4)
    • 2 ATP
    • 2 FADH2
    • 8 NADH
    • Carbon Dioxide
  27. What is the by-product of the Kreb's Cycle?
    Carbon Dioxide
  28. What is the Net Gain of the Kreb's Cycle?
    2 ATP
  29. How do we get a Net Gain of 2 ATP in the Kreb's cycle?
    We didn't need any to start with, but we made 2 ATP
  30. How many times does the Kreb's Cycle go through?
    Twice
  31. Where does ETC take place?
    Anaerobic or Aerobic?
    What is the by-product of ETC?
    • Membrane of the Mitochondria
    • Aerobic
    • Water
  32. In the ETC how do you convert NADH and FADHinto ATP?
    (2)
    • NADH enters at FMN enzyme
    • FADHenters at CoQ enzyme
  33. 1 NADH = how many ATP?
    3
  34. 1 FADH= how many ATP?
    2
  35. What is the Net Gain of the ETC?
    34 ATP
  36. Name 5 products that are made during fermentation, that benefit humans
    • Buttermilk
    • Cheese
    • Beer
    • Wine
    • Bread
  37. Name an activity in whcih your muscles would use lactic acid fermentation to produce energy
    Sprinting
  38. Anaerobic Respiration:
    What is another name for it?
    Does it have oxygen?
    Where does it occur?
    • Fermentation
    • No
    • Cytoplasm
  39. Does not make as much energy as aerobic respiration:
    Anaerobic Respiration
  40. What are the 2 reactions from Anaerobic respiration?
    • Glycolysis
    • Fermentation
  41. What are the 2 types of Fermentation?
    • Alcohol Fermentation
    • Lactic Acid Fermentation
  42. Alcohol Fermentation:
    Where can it occur? (4)
    What is used for? (2)
    • Plants, Fungi, Yeasts, Bacteria
    • To make beer and wine
  43. What is the process of Alcohol Fermentation?
    Pyruvic acid breaks into carbon dioxide and alcohol (ethanol) due to lack of oxygen
  44. What are some examples that carbon dioxide can do in Alcohol Fermentation?
    (3)
    • Makes bread rise
    • Puts holes in bread and cheese
    • Makes bubbles in wine, beer, and champagne
  45. What are the End Products of Alcohol Fermentation?
    (3)
    • 2 ATP
    • 2 CO2
    • 2 Ethanol
  46. Lactic Acid Fermentation:
    Where does it occur?
    In the muscle cells of animals
  47. What is the process of Lactic Acid Fermentation?
    Pyruvic Acid builds up and turns into Lactic Acid

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