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What are the Foundations of ULO?
- Decisive Action
- Army Core Competencies
- Mission Command
What are the Army Core Competencies?
- Combined Arms Maneuver
- Wide Area Security
A ____ is any combination of actors, entities, or forces that have the capability and intent to harm US forces, National Interests, or the homeland.
A/An ____ is a party identified as hostile against which the use of force is authorized.
A/An _____ is a party acknowledged as potentially hostile to a friendly party and against which the use of force may be envisaged.
A/An ____ is a party identified as neither supporting nor opposing friendly or enemy forces.
A/An _____ is the diverse and dynamic combination of regular forces, irregular forces, terrorist forces, and/or criminal elements unified to achieve mutually benefiting effects.
Army forces must synchronize actions to achieve _____ __ _____ that ensures mission accomplishment.
unity of effort
What is "the synchronization, coordination, and/or integration of the activities of governmental and nongovernmental entities with military operations to achieve unity of effort"?
Unified Action is synchronized with the activities of what?
Unified Action Partners
How many and what are the Unified Action Partners?
- Nongovernmental Organizations (NGO)
- Intergovernmental Organization (IGO)
- Private Sector
- Other Governmental Agencies
What type of coordination is within the context of DOD involvement, between elements of DOD, and engage US gov't agencies and departments for the purpose of achieving an objective.
Which coordination occurs among: DOD, US gov't agencies, State/territorial/Local/Tribal agencies, Foreign Mil/Gov agencies and IGO/NGO/Private sectors?
Which cooperatoin is all DoD interactions with foreign defense establishments to build defense relationships that promote strategic objectives?
What are these also known as:
Specific US security interests
Develop allied/friendly military capabilities for self-defense & multinational ops
Provide US forces w/ peacetime & contingency access to a host nation
What are the three types of civilian organizations?
- Intergovernment Agencies
- Nongovernment Agencies
- Other Government Agencies
What is "created by a formal agreement between 2 or more govn't on a global, regional, or functional basis to protect or promote national interests shared by member states"?
What are private, self-governing, not-for-profit organization dedicated to alleviating human suffering; promoting education, health care, economic development, environ protection, human rights, and conflict resolution?
What is "a non DoD agency of the US government"?
Other Government Agency
What are the two types of Multinational Operations?
____ relationship that results from a formal agreement between two or more nations for broad, long-term objectives that further the common interest of the members.
_____ is an arrangement between two or more nations for common action. Nations usually form these for focused, short-term purposes.
Name four agencies that are non-DoD agencies of the US government.
- US Dept of State
- Dept of Justice
- Dept of Transportation
- Dept of Agriculture
Army's primary mission is to _____, _____, and _____ forces to conduct prompt and sustained land combat operations.
organize, train, equip
____ ____ is warfare carried out on land in a direct fire-fight supported by direct and indirect fire and other assets.
What three things must be defined when determining an Area of Operations?
- Area of Operations
- Area of Influence
- Area of Interest
What is defined as "the continuous, simultaneous combinations of the offense, defensive, and stability or defense support of civil authorities tasks"?
_____ is conducted to defeat and destroy enemy forces and seize terrain, resources, and population centers.
____ is conducted to defeat an enemy attack, gain time, economize forces, and develop conditions favorable for offensive or stability tasks.
_____ support host nation, interim government, or transitional military authority when not present.
This is the "application of elements of combat power in unified action to defeat enemy ground forces; to seize, occupy, and defend land areas; and to achieve physical, temporal, and psychological advantages over the enemy to seize and exploit the initiative.
Combined Arms Maneuver
What is the application of the elements of combat power in unified action to protect populations, forces, infrastructure, and activities; to deny the enemy positions of advantage; and to consolidate gains in order to retain the initiative.
Wide Area Security
How many and what are the tenets of ULO?
- Six (LAID FS)
_____ a series of related major operations aimed at achieving strategic and operational objectives within a given time and space.
______ _____ - series of tactical actions conducted by combat forces of a single or several services, coordinated in time and space, to achieve strategic or operational objectives in an operational area.
What is the use of creative thinking by commanders and staffs to design strategies, campaigns, and major operations and organize and employ military forces.
What is the conception and construction of the intellectual framework that underpins join operational plans (OPLANs) and their subsequent execution?
How many principles of Joint Operations are there? What are they?
- 12 (MOOSE MUSS PRL)
- Economy of Force
- Unity of Command
Which Elements of Operational Art and Design are shared?
- Center of Gravity
- Decisive Points
- Lines of Operations / Lines of Effort
- Operational Reach
Commanders should consider how many factors when arranging operations? What are they?
How many fundamentals of successful reconnaissance operations are there? What are they?
- Ensure continuous recon
- Do not keep Recon assets in reserve
- Orient on the recon objective
- Report info rapidly and accurately
- Retain freedom of maneuver
- Gain and maintain enemy contact
- Develop the situation rapidly
What is the capability to conduct rapid and orderly movement to concentrate combat power?
_____ ____ are movements of troops and equipment mainly on foot, with limited support by vehicles.
___ ___ employ combat and tactical vehicles to move all of its personnel and equipment.
___ ___ ___ are operations involving the use of utility and cargo rotary wing assets for other than air assaults.
Army Air Movement
A ___ __ ____ is a rapid movement used to relocate units within an area of operations to prepare for combat operations.
tactical road march
An ___ ___ is the advance of a combat unit when direct contact with the enemy is intended.
How many movement techniques are there? what are they?
- Traveling Overwatch
- Bounding Overwatch
a ____ ___ occurs when Soldiers are being made to move at such a rate that they would normally tire excessively, based on military necessity.
An ____ ___ occurs when troops and vehicles are arranged to expedite their movement and conserve time and energy, with no interference from the enemy.
How many fundamental of Urban Operations are there?
These are the fundamentals of what?
Perform IIA aggressively
Maintain Close Combat Capability
Avoid the attrition approach
Control the Essential
Minimize Collateral Damage
Preserve Critical Infrastructure
Separate the noncombatants from combatants
Create a collaborative Information environ
Understand how Soldiers & Civilians react under the pressure of combat in an Urban evironment
Restore Essential servies
Who is the greatest QB of all time?
Any answer is acceptable EXCEPT Brett Farve, Aaron Rodger, or anyone who has played for the Packers.
What are the characteristics of the defense?
- Mass and Concentration
How many, and what are the Defensive tasks?
- Area Defense
- Mobile Defense
What are the Defensive Control Measures?
- Battle Positions
- Direct Fire Control Measure
- Disengagement Line
- Fire Support Coordination Measures
- Forward Edge of the Battle Area (FEBA)
- Main Battle Area
_____ A defensive location orientated on a likely enemy avenue of approach.
_____ Means by which maneuver commanders employ and regulate direct fire.
Direct Fire Control Measure (DFCM)
_____ is a Phase line that, when crossed by the enemy, signals to defending elements that it is time to displace to their next position.
Disengagement line (DL)
_____ assists in the rapid engagement of targets and provide safeguards for friendly forces.
Fire Support Coordination Measures (FSCM)
This is defined as "Coordinating area for fire support, positioning of forces, and the maneuver of units", "Forward-most area of troop deployment, excluding covering and screening forces. "
Forward Edge of the Battle Area (FEBA)
What is defined as "area where the bulk of a unit's combat is deployed to conduct decisive operations to defeat an attacking enemy"?
Main Battle Area
What are the three forms of defense?
- Defense of a linear obstacle
- Perimeter Defense
- Reverse Slope Defense
_____ is established when a unit must hold critical terrain or when it must defend itself in areas where the defense is not tied in with adjacent units.
What are the three steps of Transition to the Offense?
- Enemy Over-Extension
- Transitional Tasks
- Transitional Methods
What are the 2 types of transitional methods?
- Attack using forces not previously committed to the defense
- Attack using the currently defending forces.
What does Stability "aim" to do (goals)?
- create legitimate, acceptable and predictable situations for local pop.
- Lessen levels of violence
- Enable functioning of govn't, economic and societal institutions
Who is responsible for the stability of the host nation?
What are the three-levels of engagement for addressing conflict?
- Conflict prevention and resolution
- Conflict intervention
- Post-conflict reconstruction and stabilization
Stability tasks focus on _____ host-nation capacity and capability.
Impose the Commander's will on the enemy
Defeat, destroy or neutralize the enemy
Secure decisive terrain
Deprive the enemy of resources
Disrupt enemy's attack
Set up conditions for future successful operations.
What are these?
Purpose of the Offense
How many and what are the characteristics of the offense?
- Rapid Tempo
How many and what are the offensive tasks?
- Movement to Contact
Develops the situation to establish or regain contact, creates favorable conditions for subsequent action and is used when the enemy situation is vague. What is this?
Movement to Contact
Destroys enemy force, seizes or secures terrain, hasty or deliberate and uses METT-TC to determine type of attack is the definition to what?
This usually follows successful attack, designed to disorganize, seeks to disintegrate enemy forces planned as branches or sequels at division or higher. What is it?
Designed to catch or cut off, prevents escape, aims to destroy, normally follows successful exploitation and used anytime the enemy is fleeing. What is it?
Not clear on the focus of Offensive planning considerations (Couldn't find exactly in slides) Please refer to slide 41 through 43.
The ____ of tactics encompasses the understanding of those military aspects of tactics-capabilities, techniques, and procedures- that can be measured and codified.
The ___ of tactics involves the creative and flexible array of means to accomplish assigned missions, decision making of uncertainty when facing a thinking and adaptive enemy and understanding the uncertainty of combat on troops.
_____ ____ is the key to achieving decisive results?
What are the following:
Civil affairs operations,
Air and ground movement control,
Clearance of fires,
Responsibilities within the Boundaries of the AO.