med terms

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med terms
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2010-05-13 04:23:54
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  1. medical term for a surgical chiser used to cut bone
    osteotome
  2. define synovitis
    inflammation of synoviel membrane
  3. pathologic condition caused by excessive uric acid concentra in the blood
    geyty arthritis
  4. medial term for chronic autoimmune disease which causes painful inflammation of joints
    rheymetoid arthritis
  5. define carpal tunnel syndrome
    compression of the median nerve as it passes between ligement of bone and tendons of the wrist
  6. is the diaphram is a striated muscle
    false
  7. myasthenia
    lack of strength in muscles
  8. medical term for shoulder blade
    scupula
  9. define spondylolisthesis
    slipping of the vertebra
  10. define gleobladtoma
    immature tumor sliel cell
  11. term for inflammation of the meninges
    meningitis
  12. another term for herpes zostor
    shingles
  13. name of autoimmune muscular disorder characterized by weaknes of voluntary muscles
    myestenir grevis
  14. what is spina bifida
    congenital defect caused by imperfect union of vertelbral parts
  15. what is hydrocephalus
    abnormal accumulation of fluid in the brain
  16. define aphasia
    a person that knows what they to say but can not say it fluently
  17. define dyskinesia
    condition of painful movement
  18. define narcolepsy
    seizure person falls asleep
  19. combining form for excessive sensity to pain
    algesia
  20. where is cerebrospinal fluid located
    located in the subcranielspace fluid that circulates brain spinal cord
  21. define polyneuritis
    inflammation of many nerves
  22. define myelogram
    record of the spinal cord
  23. term for disease of the nerve root
    rudiculapathy
  24. combining form for vagus nerve
    vag/o
  25. terms for disease of the brain
    encephapathy
  26. define comatose
    pertaint to a deep sleep or coma
  27. what is dyskinesia
    pain or didorder with movement
  28. meaning of the suffix -plegia
    paralysis or inability to move parts of the body
  29. define osteodystophy
    abnormal development of bones
  30. the medical term for the spinal column which is abnormally bent to the side is
    scolosis
  31. combing form for bone marrow
    myel/o
  32. term for the opening of passage in bone where blood vessels and nerves leave and enter
    foremen
  33. term for the end of the bones
    epiphysis
  34. define condyle
    knuckle like process at the end of a bone near a joint
  35. name 3 major bones in the arm
    ulna,radis,humerus
  36. name 5 of the main bones of the skull
    frontel,temgoral,perietel,mandibular,occigital
  37. term for the joint between the bones of the skull
    suture
  38. define myelopoiesis
    formation of bone marrow
  39. define kyphosis
    abnormal condition of a hump in the back
  40. define ischial
    pertainting to uppermost largest portion of the pelvis or pelvis bone
  41. define osteomalacia
    softening of the bones
  42. define osteoporosis
    decreas in bone density:thinning and weaking of the bone
  43. define patellar
    kneecap
  44. a bone fracture whereas the broken end of the bone protruts through the skin
    open compound fracture
  45. comminated fracture
    bone is splintered or crused into several pieces
  46. the instrament used to measure blood pressure
    sphygmemenometer
  47. abnormal heart sound
    murmur
  48. microsope thin walled blood vessels which carry the blood into & through the tissues of the body
    capillary
  49. name for the inner lining of the heart
    endocertium
  50. define diastole
    relaxtion of the heart
  51. define tachycardia
    fast heart beat
  52. cardiomegaly
    enlargement of the heart
  53. artery in the body which transport deoxygenated blood
    pulmonary artery
  54. contraction phase of the heart beat
    systole
  55. define angioplasty
    surgical repair of vessels
  56. wht is thrombysis
    break, down or segaration of blood clots
  57. brachial artery located
    arm
  58. procedure used to start an inyravenous inpusion
    phlebotomy
  59. wht vasodilation
    widening of the vessels
  60. person trained in opening veins
    pnlebotenist
  61. removal of fluid from inside membrane surrounding the heart
    pericerdiscentosis
  62. bluish discoloration of the skin
    cyenosis
  63. define bradycardia
    slow heart rate
  64. name for then membranes surrounding the heart
    pericerdium
  65. name the heart chamber that pumps blood into the pulmonary artery
    left ventricle
  66. name of the heart chamber that receives deoxygenated blood from all parts of the body
    left atrium
  67. blood travels to all parts of the body through the body
    aerta
  68. inflammation of the innern lining of the heart
    endocerditis
  69. thromobolytic therapy
    drug used to dissoles clots is injected into the blood strem of plp cerenythromosis
  70. echocardiogram
    echoes generated by high frequency sound waves produce images of the heart
  71. define angiography
    process of recording blood vessels
  72. medical term for high blood pressure
    hypertension
  73. whts aneurysim
    local windening of the arteral wall
  74. define fibrillagtion
    rapid heart beat
  75. pulmonary circulation
    blood picks up oxygen,blood loses carbon dioxide
  76. meaning combining form steth/o
    chest
  77. med term for many shapes
    plemorphic
  78. define retinoblastoma
    immeture tumor of the retina
  79. define hyperplasia
    condiction of excessive growth of formation
  80. define apoptosis
    programmed cell death
  81. disease of the brain
    encephelopathy
  82. specific location of an epidural hematoma
    above dura mater
  83. 3rd layer of menenges closest to the brain and spinal cord
    pia mater
  84. the point of delivery of intrathecal injection
    tp avoid problems with meniges
  85. define dyslexia
    disorder with understand or reading words
  86. 5 parts of the brain
    cerebrum,cerebellum,thalemus,hypthelmus,brainstream
  87. 3 divisions of peripheral nervous system
    crenical,spinal,autonomic nerves
  88. the region in the DNA of a tumor cell that cause cancer
    oneogene
  89. condiction of being diseased
    morbodity
  90. loss of differentiation of cells
    anaplexia
  91. agent that cause cancer
    cercinogen
  92. 3 charactercrsis of a malignent cell
    invesive,metatislisive,celluler oneogen
  93. 4 endocrine glands
    piturtery gland,thyroid gland,adrenal gland,thymus
  94. endocrin gland located at the base of the brain
    pituitury gland
  95. define adenectomy
    surgicel removal of a gland
  96. conbining form for male
    andr/o
  97. extreme thirst
    pelydipsia
  98. elevated blood sugar
    hyperglcemia
  99. combining form for child birth
    toc/o
  100. term for underactivity of the thyroid gland
    hypothyroidism
  101. onset of diabets on chilodhood is known as
    type1
  102. proton therapy
    subtomic pericles produced by a cyclstom deposits an absorbed of redicion at a foused finite in the body
  103. term cancerous tumor derived from connective or flesh tissue
    sarcoma
  104. define cachexia
    bad habit
  105. new growth
    neoplasm
  106. remission
    pertial of complete disappearence of symptons of disease
  107. abrupt change in genetic make up
    matation
  108. wht is the combining form
    nacr/o
  109. combining form for white
    leyk/o
  110. person who examines biopsy samples
    biologist
  111. -pathy
    disease condition
  112. define plasma
    liquid portion of the blood
  113. study of shapes
    morphology
  114. combini8ng form thrombo
    clots,clotting
  115. flesh
    serc/o
  116. nose
    rhin/o
  117. cell
    cyt/o
  118. red
    erythr/o
  119. gland
    aden/o
  120. -ule
    pertaint to little,small
  121. -plasty
    surgical repair
  122. -phobia
    fear
  123. -stasis
    stoppage,controlling
  124. -osis
    condition,abnormal
  125. -sclerosis
    hardening
  126. -trophy
    development,nourishment
  127. -megaly
    enlargement
  128. -opsy
    process of viewing
  129. -cetesis
    hernia
  130. -plasia
    development
  131. -emia
    bood condition
  132. -lysis
    breakdown,segeration
  133. -logy
    study of life
  134. -malacia
    softening
  135. -cyte
    cell
  136. -cele
    cell,surgical puncture to remove fluid
  137. -algia
    pain
  138. -ectomy
    excision,removal
  139. ad-
    toward
  140. a-
    peritaing to,not,without
  141. hemi-
    blood
  142. dys-
    difficult,abnormal,bad
  143. cata-
    down
  144. anti-
    against
  145. meta-
    beyound,change
  146. tachy-
    fast
  147. hypo-
    defiency,less
  148. infra-
    within
  149. in-
    into,within,not
  150. pseudo-
    false
  151. pan-
    ell
  152. peri-
    peritaint to
  153. sub-
    under
  154. oste-
    bone
  155. post-
    after
  156. re-
    back,again
  157. hyper-
    excessive,more
  158. auto-
    self
  159. abnormal digestion is
    dypepsia
  160. E.S.R.
    test spread of the red blood cell settle in plasma
  161. P,T,
    test for to see if the blood clots
  162. C.B.C
    complete blood count
  163. define acquired immunity
    formation of antibodies after expposure
  164. term for disease of clotting
    coauglation
  165. define RH factor
    antigen red blood cells of RH positive
  166. whts the difference between serum & plasma
    serum is plasm without the clotting protine &plasma is liquid postive of blood
  167. whts macrophage
    phagocyte
  168. define anitbody
    protin produced by b cell lymphocytes to destroy antigen
  169. define antgen
    body reconize it a forigen object
  170. red blood cell is
    erythrocyte
  171. wht is erythrocytopenia
    deficiency of red blood cells
  172. sideropenia
    deficiency of iron
  173. define coagulopathy
    disease condition of clotting or blood clots
  174. the portion of blood serum that contins antibodies
    immonogloblin
  175. contrl of bleeding
    hemostasts
  176. erythropoiesis
    formation of red blood cells
  177. 3 types of anemia
    sickle cell amenia,pernicious anemia,anemia
  178. define hemophelia
    excessive bleeding caused by heratity lack of one of the protin substance
  179. W.B.C.
    white blood count
  180. whts the function of these strctures ragua
    to provide serface area for the stomach and provide protection
  181. microscopic projections which line the walls of the small intestines
    villi
  182. term for inflammation of the liver caues ny viras
    vital hepatitis
  183. term for gall stones
    choletithiasis
  184. 6 segments of large intestines in the order that would be followed by movement food waste
    cecum,asending,transvers,desending,sigmoid colon,rectum
  185. appendix is attached to the
    cecum
  186. 3 sphincter muscles
    pylioic,esophaugeal,anal
  187. 3parts of the small intestines
    duedeum,juojeum,ilecum
  188. galactorrhea
    abnoram dischage of milk
  189. preeclampsia
    abnormal condiction during pregnacy marked by high blood pressure
  190. zygote
    ball of cell,fertilized egg cell
  191. obstetrics
    brench in medicine concerened with pregnacy and child bith
  192. HCG
    human chorionic genadotropin
  193. parturition
    act of giving birth
  194. fallopian tube
    1 pair of ducts throught which the ovum travels to the uterus
  195. gamete
    ovum and sperm cells
  196. inflammation of the lining if the abdominal cavity
    peritonitis
  197. the process of viewing the S shaped portion of the colon
    sigmoidoscopy
  198. a hernia of the small imtestine
    ileocele
  199. name of value which prevents food from passing into trachea
    epiglotis
  200. describe the action which move food through the digestive system
    peristsis
  201. perineum
    the area between the anus and vagina
  202. estrogen
    hormone produced by the overion promote female 2nd sex charterceristics
  203. endometrium
    inner muscus membrane lining of the uterus
  204. corpusluteum
    empty overion follicle that secreates progerterone after reales of ehh cell
  205. physician who specializes in the new born
    neonetologist

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